Academic honesty and referencing

A good piece of academic writing will present your original ideas, supported by examples of existing research taken from your reading. Using existing research to support, clarify or offer different points of view to your ideas, will help make your work credible.

You must always maintain academic honesty when using other people’s ideas in your writing. Academic honesty means using references to acknowledge the source of the ideas and information used in your work.

The use of referencing will help you avoid plagiarism, which basically means presenting the work of others as your own (whether on purpose or unintentional). You could also call it cheating!

Referencing with APA 6th style

APA 6th is the style of referencing used at Takapuna Grammar School – it is also widely used at universities. APA referencing has two parts – the in-text citation and the reference list:

  • in-text citation - a brief note within the text of your work that identifies the source of the information
  • reference list - detailed list of all sources that were referenced using in-text citations

You must reference every time you:

  • use direct quotations (copy word for word, using quotation marks " “)
  • paraphrase (put into your own words) or summarise another person's idea or research
  • use statistics, graphs, images or any other information found in any type of resource

You don't need to reference your own ideas (unless you have already submitted them in another work!) or information that is common knowledge and widely known to be true.

Check out the links to APA 6th guides at right.

Links to APA 6th guides

TGS Library's Guide to APA 6th

Examples of in-text citations and reference list entries for the types of resources you are most likely to encounter in your IB or NCEA research, as well as links to handy referencing tools to help you create your references

Sample Essay using APA 6th

APA 6th referencing in action in a short sample essay

AUT Library's Brief Guide to APA 6th

Fantastic short guide with referencing examples of a wide range of resources, including ebooks, magazine/newspaper articles, videos, websites and more

APA Style

Get the answers from the experts - the American Psychological Association - the originators of the APA style

Links to sites with more info about academic honesty, plagiarism and referencing

AUT Library’s libguide

on academic integrity and plagiarism

Handy University of Auckland pocket guide

to the referencing information that you should record while taking notes from readings and research - an excellent resource to help you avoid plagiarism by mistake

Referen©ite: Essentials

the what, why, when, how, which of referencing, from University of Auckland