Aerosol, Air Quality and Climate Lab

Dr. Vinoj. V [Principal Investigator]

(PhD [Indian Institue of Science, Bangalore], Post-Doc [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, USA])

Associate Professor

School of Earth, Ocean and Climate Sciences

Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar

Odisha, INDIA - 751 007

Email:  vinoj[at]

Official     :

Personal :


My Google Citations



NEW: We are looking for bright, young motivated students to join our team!  We welcome students/scholars at all levels from short term projects (M.Sc./M.Tech) to JRF/SRF/RA/PDF's.  Get in touch with me if you are interested. 

Research Activities

Publication Outcome 

My Google Citations (PI)

*Student publications under my supervision

Pre-print Articles  

*Sethi, Soumya Satyakanta, Vinoj, V and Gogoi, Partha Pratim and Landu, Kiranmayi and Swain, Debadatta and Mohanty, U. C., Surface Urban Heat Island (Suhi) and its Evolution Over a Rapidly Growing Tropical Urban Complex in Eastern India. Available at SSRN: or

*Asutosh, A.; Vinoj, V.; Nuncio, M (2021). Investigation of June 2020 Giant Saharan Dust Storm Using Remote Sensing Observations and Model Reanalysis. Preprints 2021, 2021070100 (

*Asutosh, A.; Pandey, S.K.; Vinoj, V. (2021),  Assessment of Recent Changes in Dust over South Asia Using RegCM. Preprints 2021, 2021060282 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0282.v1).

*Pandey, Satyndera K., and Vinoj V. (2020),  “Surprising Increase in Aerosol Amid Widespread Decline in Pollution over India During the COVID19 Lockdown.” EarthArXiv. July 6.

Vinoj, V.; Gopinath, N.; Landu, K.; Behera, B.; Mishra, B. (2020), The COVID-19 Spread in India and Its Dependence on Temperature and Relative Humidity. Preprints 2020, 2020070082.; doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0082.v1

Vinoj, V.; Swain, D. (2020), Did COVID-19 Lockdown Brew '"Amphan" into a Super Cyclone?. Preprints 2020, 2020070033 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0033.v1). 

Journal Articles (Accepted/Published)

*P P Gogoi, V. Vinoj, K. Landu and P. Phukon (2023), Changing Characteristics of Rainfall over the Brahmaputra Basin during 1998-2018, Q J R Meteorol Soc. ,

*Nandini. G; V Vinoj; Soumya Satyakanta Sethi; Hara Prasad Nayak; K. Landu; D. Swain; U.C. Mohanty (2022), A modelling study on quantifying the impact of urbanization and regional effects on the wintertime surface temperature over a rapidly growing tropical city, Comput.Urban Sci. 2, 40,

*A.Asutosh, V.Vinoj, H.Wang, K.Landu, Jin-HoYoon, Response of Indian summer monsoon rainfall to remote carbonaceous aerosols at short time scales: Teleconnections and feedbacks, Environmental Research, Volume 214, Part 3, November 2022, 113898,

A. Asutosh, V. Vinoj, Nuncio Murukesh, Ramakrishna Ramisetty & Nishant Mittal (2022), Investigation of June 2020 giant Saharan dust storm using remote sensing observations and model reanalysis, Scientific Reports volume 12, Article number: 6114 (2022),

*Nandini, G., Vinoj, V. & Pandey, S.K. Arabian Sea Aerosol-Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall relationship and its modulation by El-Nino Southern Oscillation. npj Clim Atmos Sci 5, 25 (2022).

*Asutosh, A, Pandey, S.K,  Vinoj, V, Ramisetty, R, Mittal, N (2021), Assessment of Recent Changes in Dust over South Asia Using RegCM4 Regional Climate Model. Remote Sens. 2021, 13, 4309.

Mitra, Arijeet; Sen, Indra; Pandey, Satyendra; Vinoj, V.; Reisberg, L.; Bizimis, Michael; Cloquet, Christophe; Nizam, Sarwar (2021), Lead isotope evidence for enhanced anthropogenic particle transport to the Himalayas during summer months, Environmental Science & TechnologyDOI:10.1021/acs.est.1c03830.   (Accepted)

*Mukherjee. T and V. Vinoj (2021),  The sub-daily variability of aerosol loading and associated radiative forcing over the Indian Region, Front. Earth Sci. | doi: 10.3389/feart.2021.727169. (Accepted)

*T. S. Sarin1, V. Vinoj, D. Swain, K. Landu and E. Suhas (2021),  Aerosol induced changes in sea surface temperature over the Bay of Bengal due to COVID-19 lockdown, Front. Mar. Sci. | doi: 10.3389/fmars.2021.648566,

S.  K,  Sahu, P. Mangaraj, G. Beig, B.  Tyagi, S.  Tikle, V. Vinoj (2021),  Establishing a link between fine particulate matter (PM2.5) zones and COVID -19 over India based on anthropogenic emission sources and air quality data, Urban Climate, Volume 38, 2021, 100883, ISSN 2212-0955,

*Pandey, S.K. and  V. Vinoj (2021). Surprising Changes in Aerosol Loading over India Amid COVID-19 Lockdown. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 

Zore. T, K. Landu, P.P. Gogoi and V. Vinoj (2021), Effect of Tropical Subseasonal Variability on Heat Waves over India, International Journal of Climatology,

S. Nizam, I. S. Sen, V. Vinoj, V. Galy, D. Selby, M. F. Azam, S. K. Pandey, R. A. Creaser, A. K. Agarwal, A. P. Singh, M. Bizimis (2020), Biomass-derived provenance dominates glacial surface organic carbon in the western Himalaya [Environmental Science & Technology, Selected for Journal Cover, Highlighted by DSTIndia. [Collaborative work with Dr. I. Sen's group]

*Navinya. D. C., V. Vinoj and S. K. Pandey (2020), Evaluation of PM2.5 Surface Concentrations Simulated by NASA’s MERRA Version 2 A,erosol Reanalysis over India and its relation to the Air Quality Index (2019), [Aerosol and Air Quality Research,].

*Mukherjee. T, V. Vinoj, S. K. Midya, B. Adhikary (2020), Numerical Simulations of Different Sectoral Contributions to Post monsoon Pollution over Delhi. [Heliyon,  Volume 6, Issue 3, March 2020, e03548,]. 

*S. K. Pandey, V. Vinoj and A. Panwar (2020), The short-term variability of aerosol and its impact on cloud properties and radiative effect over the Indo-Gangetic Plain., [Atmospheric Pollution Research, Volume 11, Issue 3, March 2020, Pages 630-638] 

*Mukherjee. T, V. Vinoj, S. K. Midya, B. Adhikary (2020), Aerosol Radiative impact during a high dust and biomass burning event over South Asia: Effect on Surface Ozone. [Atmospheric Environment, Volume 223, 15 February 2020, 117201 ].

*P.  P.  Gogoi, V. Vinoj and Parag Phukon, (2020),  Role of meteorology and local orography on a flood event in the Lower Subansiri Basin and post-flood changes to land use and land cover, CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 118, NO. 5, 10 MARCH 2020, doi: 10.18520/cs/v118/i5/778-785]

Anasuya Barik, D Swain and V. Vinoj (2019), Rapid urbanization and associated impacts on land surface temperature changes over Bhubaneswar Urban District, India (Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 191, Article number: 790 (2019),  DOI : 10.1007/s10661-019-7699-2 , In Print). (I. F. 1.959)

*P. P. Gogoi, V. Vinoj, D. Swain, G. J. Roberts, J. Dash, S. Tripathy (2019), The Land Use-Land Cover (LULC) induced changes to Surface Temperature over Eastern India. Scientific Reports, Volume 9, Article number: 8859,  (I. F. 4.525) [Highlight: This article was accessed more than 9500 times by readers from around the world since publication during the year 2019; This article was also highlighted by a few national print and other social media news outlets with an attention score of 75 and features among 96th percentile of all articles of similar age published in all journals tracked by Altmetric]

*Mukherjee. T and V. Vinoj, (2019), Atmospheric aerosol optical depth and its variability over an urban location in Eastern India, Natural Hazards, . (I. F. 2.319)

*T. Mukherjee, A. Asutosh, S. K. Pandey, L. Yang, A. Panwar, P. P. Gogoi and V. Vinoj (2018), Increasing Potential for Air Pollution over Megacity New Delhi: A Study Based on 2016 Diwali Episode, Aerosol and Air Quality Research, DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2017.11.0440. (I. F. 2.735)

*Pandey. S. K., V. Vinoj, K. Landu, S. S. Babu (2017), Declining dust loading over South Asia: Signature of a changing regional climate,  Scientific Reports, (Nature Publishing Group), . This article was highlighted in The Hindu, Hindustan Times and several blogs after its publication. [Highlight: This article features among the top 100 (28th of 100) articles in Scientific Reports from Earth Science category for the year 2017] (I. F. 4.525)

D. Swain, G. J. Roberts, J. Dash, V. Vinoj, K. Lekshmi, and S. Tripathy (2017), Impact of rapid urbanization on the microclimate of Indian cities: a case study for the city of Bhubaneswar, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., India, Sect. A Phys. Sci. DOI 10.1007/s40010-017-0453-7). (I. F. 0.396)

Yoon, J.-H., P. J., Rasch, H. Wang, V. Vinoj, and D. Ganguly (2016), The role of carbonaceous aerosols on short‐term variations of precipitation over North Africa, Atmospheric Science Letters., 17: 407–414. doi: 10.1002/asl.672. (I. F. 1.504)

J.D. Fast, J. Allan, R. Bahreini, J. Craven, L. Emmons, R.A. Ferrare, P.L. Hayes, A. Hodzic, J. Holloway, C.A. Hostetler, J.L. Jimenez, H. Jonsson, S. Liu, Y. Liu, A. Metcalf, A. Middlebrook, J. Novak, M. Pekour, A. Perring, L. Russell, A. Sedlacek, J. Seinfeld, A. Setyan, J. Shilling, M. Shrivastava, S. Springston, C. Song, R. Subramanian, J.W. Taylor, V. Vinoj, Q. Yang, R.A. Zaveri, and Q. Zhang, Modeling Regional Aerosol Variability over California and Its Sensitivity to Emissions and Long-Range Transport during the 2010 CalNex and CARES Campaigns. (Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 10013-10060, 2014, doi:10.5194/acp-14-10013-2014). (IF-5.668)

V. Vinoj, P. J. Rasch, Hailong Wang, Jin-Ho Yoon, K. Landu, B. Singh and Po-Lun Ma (2014), Short-term modulation of Indian summer monsoon rainfall by West Asian dust. Nature Geoscience, 7, 308-313, doi:10.1038/ngeo2107). (IF - 13.94).   Highlighted in Nature Asia, Nature Geoscience, Nature India, The Hindu, Indian Express. Hindustan Times, Deccan Herald, Muscat Daily, Oman Tribune, China Post, Science Daily etc.). This paper is featured in Nature Research Highlight and a cover page for PNNL website..

K. Landu, L. Ruby Leung, Samson Hagos, V. Vinoj, Sara Rauscher, Todd Ringler and Mark Taylor (2014), The dependence of ITCZ structure on model resolution and dynamical core. (Journal of Climate).  (IF – 4.805)

D. G. Kaskaoutis, P.R. Sinha, V. Vinoj, P.G. Kosmopoulos, S.N. Tripathi, R.P. Singh (2013), Aerosol properties and radiative forcing estimates over Ganges Basin during severe aerosol loading conditions, Atmospheric Environment, Vol 79, pp 7-19. [Link]. (IF – 4.012)

Wang, H., R. C. Easter, P. J. Rasch, M. Wang, X. Liu, S. J. Ghan, Y. Qian, J.-H. Yoon, P.-L. Ma and V. Vinoj, (2013), Sensitivity of remote aerosol distributions to representation of cloud-aerosol interactions in a global climate model, Geosci. Model Dev., 6, 765-782 [Link].  (IF – 5.03)

S.K. Satheesh, V. Vinoj and K. Krishna Moorthy (2011), Weekly Periodicities in Aerosol Properties at a Continental Urban Location in India, Atmospheric Research,  101 (2011) 307–313, (doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2011.03.003).  (IF – 3.778).  Among top 20 hot articles in the first quarter.

V. Vinoj, S.K. Satheesh, and K. Krishna Moorthy (2010), Optical, radiative and source characteristics of aerosols at a remote island, Minicoy in the southern Arabian Sea, Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, D01201, doi:10.1029/2009JD011810.  (IF – 3.38)

S.K. Satheesh, V. Vinoj and K. Krishna Moorthy (2010), Radiative effects of aerosols at an urban location in southern India: observations versus model, Atmospheric Environment, Volume 44, Issue 39, December 2010, Pages 5295-530, (IF - 4.012)

S.K. Satheesh, V. Vinoj and K Krishna Moorthy (2010), Assessment of aerosol radiative impact over oceanic regions adjacent to Indian subcontinent using multi-satellite analysis, Advances in Meteorology, Volume 2010, Article ID 139186, 13 pages, doi:10.1155/2010/139186).  (IF – 1.239)

V. Vinoj, S.K. Satheesh and K.Krishna Moorthy (2009), Aerosol characteristics at a continental urban station in southern India, International Journal of Environment and Waste Management, Vol. 4, Nos. 1/2, pp.256–266. DOI: 10.1504/IJEWM.2009.026896. Citation information not available. (Invited Article)

S. K. Satheesh, V. Vinoj, S. Suresh Babu, K. Krishna Moorthy, and Vijayakumar S. Nair, (2009), Vertical distribution of aerosols over the east coast of India inferred from airborne LIDAR measurements, Annales. Geophysicae., 27, 1–13. doi:10.5194/angeo-27-4157-2009. (IF – 1.731)

S.K. Satheesh, O. Torres, L.A. Remer, S. S. Babu, V. Vinoj, T.F. Eck , R.G. Kleidman and B.N. Holben, (2009),  Improved Assessment of Aerosol Absorption using OMI-MODIS data, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D05209, doi:10.1029/2008JD011024.  (IF – 3.38)

S.K. Satheesh, K. Krishna Moorthy, S. Suresh Babu, V. Vinoj, Vijayakumar S.Nair, S. Naseema Beegum, C.B.S. Dutt, D.P. Alappattu and P.K.Kunhikrishnan (2009), Vertical Structure and Horizontal Gradients of Aerosol Extinction Coefficients over Coastal India Inferred from Airborne Lidar Measurements during the ICARB Field Campaign, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D05204, doi:10.1029/2008JD011033. (IF – 3.38)

S. Naseema Beegum, K. Krishna Moorthy, S. Suresh Babu, S.K. Satheesh, V. Vinoj, K.V.S. Badarinath, P.D. Safai, P.C.S. Devara, Sacchidanand Singh, Vinod, U.C. Dumka, P. Pant (2009), Spatial distribution of aerosol black carbon over India during pre-monsoon season, Atmospheric Environment, 43 (2009) 1071–1078. (IF - 4.012)

V. Vinoj, S.K. Satheesh, and K. Krishna Moorthy, (2008) Aerosol characteristics at a remote island: Minicoy in southern Arabian Sea.  Journal of Earth System Science,  117, S1, July 2008, pp. 389–397, doi:10.1007/s12040-008-0017-y. (IF – 0.955)

S. K. Satheesh, K. Krishna Moorthy, S. Suresh Babu, V. Vinoj, and C. B. S. Dutt (2008), Climate implications of large warming by elevated aerosol over India, Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L19809, doi:10.1029/2008GL034944. (IF – 4.339)

R R Reddy, K Rama Gopal, K Narasimhulu, L Siva Sankara Reddy, K Raghavendra Kumar, Y Nazeer Ahammed, V. Vinoj & S K Satheesh, (2008) Measurement of CO and SO2 trace gases in the southern India during ISRO-GBP Land Campaign–I, Indian Journal of Radio & Space Physics, Vol. 37, pp. 221-229. [Link]

S Naseema Beegum, K Krishna Moorthy, Vijayakumar S Nair, S Suresh Babu, S K Satheesh, V. Vinoj, R Ramakrishna Reddy, K Rama Gopal, K V S Badarinath, K Niranjan, Santosh Kumar Pandey, M Behera, A Jayaraman, P K Bhuyan, M. M Gogoi, Sacchidanand Singh, P Pant, U. C. Dumka, Yogesh Kant, J C Kuniyal, Darshan Singh, (2008) Characteristics of Spectral Aerosol Optical Depths over India during ICARB, Journal of Earth System Science., 117, S1, July 2008. [Link] (IF – 0.955)

V. Vinoj, A. Anjan, M. Sudhakar, S. K. Satheesh, J. Srinivasan, and K. K. Moorthy (2007), Latitudinal variation of aerosol optical depths from northern Arabian Sea to Antarctica, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L10807, doi:10.1029/2007GL029419. (IF – 4.339)

S.K. Satheesh, J. Sreenivasan, V. Vinoj and S. Chandra (2007) “Reply to comment on New Directions: How representative are aerosol radiative impact assessments?”, Atmospheric Environment 41, 5536–5540. (IF - 4.012)

S. K. Satheesh, V. Vinoj, and K. Krishna Moorthy (2006), Vertical distribution of aerosols over an urban continental site in India inferred using a micro pulse lidar. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L20816, doi:10.1029/2006GL027729. (IF – 4.339)

S.K. Satheesh, J. Sreenivasan, V. Vinoj and S. Chandra (2006) New Directions: How representative are aerosol radiative impact assessments? Atmospheric Environment, 40, 3008–3010. (IF - 4.012)

Moorthy, K. Krishna; Sunilkumar, S. V.; Pillai, Preetha S.; Parameswaran, K.; Nair, Prabha R.; Ahmed, Y. Nazeer; Ramgopal, K.; Narasimhulu, K.; Reddy, R. Ramakrishna; Vinoj, V.; Satheesh, S. K.; Niranjan, K.; Rao, B. Malleswara; Brahmanandam, P. S.; Saha, Auromeet; Badarinath, K. V. S.; Kiranchand, T. R.; Latha, K. Madhavi (2005), Wintertime spatial characteristics of boundary layer aerosols over peninsular India. Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 110, No. D8, D08207 10.1029/2004JD005520. (IF – 3.38)

V. Vinoj,  S.K. Satheesh, S S Babu, and K. Krishna Moorthy (2004): Large aerosol optical depths observed at an urban location in southern India associated with rain-deficit summer monsoon season, Annales Geophysicae, 22 (8): 3073-3077. [Link] (IF – 1.731)

V. Vinoj, Babu S S, Satheesh S K, Moorthy K K and Kaufman Y J (2004): Radiative forcing by aerosols over the Bay of Bengal region derived from ship-borne, island-based, and satellite (Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) observations, Journal of Geophysical Research, 109 (D5): Art. No. D05203. doi:10.1029/2003JD004329. (IF – 3.38)

V. Vinoj and S.K. Satheesh (2004), Direct and indirect radiative effects of sea-salt aerosols over Arabian Sea, Current Science, 86 (10): 1381-1390. [Link]. (IF – 0.92).  Highlighted on Journal Cover.

Sumanth, E.; Mallikarjuna, K.; Stephen, Joshi; Moole, Mahesh; Vinoj, V.; Satheesh, S. K.; Moorthy, K. Krishna Moorthy (2004) Measurements of aerosol optical depths and black carbon over Bay of Bengal during post-monsoon season, Geophysical Research Letters., Vol. 31, No. 16, L16115 10.1029/2004GL020681. (IF – 4.339)

V. Vinoj and S.K. Satheesh (2003), Measurements of aerosol optical depth over Arabian Sea during summer monsoon season, Geophysical Research Letters, 30(5), 1263, doi: 10.1029/2002GL016664. (IF – 4.339)

V. Vinoj and S.K. Satheesh (2003), Observation of aerosols from space, Mausam, 54, 1, 287-298. Citation information not available. (Invited Article). (IF – 0.46)

2016 (Peer-reviewed Proceedings)

*V. Vinoj and Satyendra Pandey, (2016), Towards understanding the variability of aerosol characteristics over the Indo-Gangetic Plain, Proc. SPIE 9882, Remote Sensing and Modeling of the Atmosphere, Oceans, and Interactions VI, 988205 (July 5, 2016); doi:10.1117/12.2223315.

*Satyendra. K. Pandey; Honey Bakshi and V. Vinoj, (2016) "Recent changes in dust and its impact on aerosol trends over the Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP) ", Proc. SPIE 9876, Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Clouds, and Precipitation VI, 98761Z (May 5, 2016); doi:10.1117/12.2223314.

D. Swain; G. J. Roberts; J. Dash; V. Vinoj; *K. Lekshmi, (2016), "Impact of rapid urbanization on the microclimate of Indian cities: a case study for the city of Bhubaneswar", Proc. SPIE 9877, Land Surface and Cryosphere Remote Sensing III, 98772X (May 5, 2016); doi:10.1117/12.2228111.

Naseema Begum, K. Krishna Moorthy, Vijayakumar S Nair, S.K. Satheesh and V. Vinoj et al., (2007), Aerosol characteristics over India during the ICARB, Indian  Aerosol Sci. & Tech. Assoc. (IASTA) Bullettin.

V. Vinoj, S.K. Satheesh, S. Suresh Babu, and K. Krishna Moorthy (2002), Seasonal Variation of Aerosol Spectral Optical Depths over Bangalore, Indian  Aerosol Sci. & Tech. Assoc. (IASTA) Bullettin, 14, 130-134.

S. Suresh Babu, S.K. Satheesh, K. Krishna Moorthy, and V. Vinoj (2002), Aerosol Radiative Forcing over Land due to Black Carbon Aerosols, Indian  Aerosol Sci. & Tech. Assoc. (IASTA) Bullettin, 14, 88-90.  

Our Research in Media Climate Change and Changing Cropping Pattern on Temperature Rise in Odisha

Research Matters: Rapid Urbanisation and Deforestation are Warming up the State of Odisha

India Science Wire / Vigyan Prazar: Urbanization and Changing Cropping Pattern and Temperature Rise

The Print: Changing Land Use Making Eastern India Warmer, FirstPost

Times of India - Recent warming over Odisha

The Hindu - Urbanization and warming over Bhubaneswar

Research Matters - Delhi's air pollution

The Hindu - Pre-Monsoon Desert Dust Declining over India

Hindustan Times - Less Dust in North Indian Plains

The Hindu - Urbanization and its impact on Temperature

Nature Asia - Desert dust stimulates summer monsoon rainfall in India

Nature Geoscience - Desert dust stimulates summer monsoon rainfall in India

Nature India - Desert dust aerosol affects Indian monsoon

Nature Geoscience perspective article by Dr. Bill Lau (NASA)-  Desert dust and monsoon rain

Times of India - Dust over Africa, Gulf linked to Indian monsoon

Hindustan Times - Dust storms in Asia mean healthier monsoon in India

The Hindu (In School) - Swirling dust over Africa, Gulf means a better monsoon in India

The Hindu - Aerosols can enhance monsoon rains

Deccan Herald - Monsoon likely to get a boost from West Asian dust storm

The Financial Express - Swirling dust over N Africa, W Asia boosts monsoon: Study

Odisha Sun Times - Dust Over Africa, Gulf Linked To Indian Monsoon

Muscat Daily – Dust over Gulf, North Africa found to affect monsoon in India: Study

Oman Tribune - Increased dust over Africa, Gulf ‘boosts monsoon

The China Post - North African dust causes monsoons in India: study

PNNL - Indian Monsoon Reacts to Deserts' Whims

PNNL News - The rush to rain

Phys.Org - Dust kicked up in Asia strengthens Indian monsoon within a week

Science Daily - African dust changes India's rainfall: Dust can affect planet's climate, research shows

Other Mention in Media

Outlook India: Lockdown and Amphan Cyclone 

The Hindu: Hotter Oceans and Super Cyclones

Hindustan Times: Bay of Bengal Cyclones and Warm Oceans

Indian Express: Cyclone and Heat Wave

Global Herald: Amphan Super Cyclone

[News18Sky News]

Economic Times: On the need for Climate legislation in India

DT Next: Clearing the air on pollution

Daily Pioneer: Understand the burning issue

Hindustan Times: Untimely rains linked to air pollution? Debunking some myths about air pollution Why do pollution skyrocket during winter?

The Wire - Climate geoengineering  in India

Business Standard: Aerosols and the Indian Monsoon

Mongabay: Role of Monsoon on Pollution

Pulitzer Centre: Linking Poverty and Cyclones