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Peer-Reviewed PublicationsGilman, E., Chaloupka, M., Swimmer, Y., Piovano, S. 2016. A cross-taxa assessment of pelagic longline bycatch mitigation measures: conflicts and mutual benefits to elasmobranchs. Fish and Fisheries DOI: 10.1111/faf.12143. DOWNLOAD http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/faf.12143/full
Gilman, E., Chaloupka, M., Merrifield, M., Malsol, N., Cook, C. 2015. Standardized catch and survival rates, and effect of a ban on shark retention, Palau pelagic longline fishery. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. DOI: 10.1002/aqc.2599 DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E., Chaloupka, M., Wiedoff, B., Willson, J. 2014. Mitigating seabird bycatch during hauling by pelagic longline vessels. PLOS ONE 9(1): e84499. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084499 DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E. 2015. Status of international
monitoring and management of abandoned, lost and discarded fishing gear and
ghost fishing. Marine
Policy 60: 225-239. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E., Owens, M., Kraft, T. 2014. Ecological risk assessment of the Marshall Islands longline tuna fishery. Marine Policy 44: 239-255 DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E., Kingma, E. 2013. Standard for assessing transparency in information on compliance with obligations of regional fisheries management organizations: Validation through assessment of the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission. Ocean & Coastal Management 84: 31-39. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E., Suuronen, P., Hall, M., Kennelly, S. 2013. Causes and methods to estimate cryptic sources of fishing mortality. Journal of Fish Biology 83: 766-803. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E., Passfield, K., Nakamura, K. 2014. Performance of regional fisheries management organizations: ecosystem-based governance of bycatch and discards. Fish and Fisheries 15: 327-351. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E., Chaloupka, M., Read, A., Dalzell, P., Holetschek, J., Curtice, C. 2012. Hawaii longline tuna fishery temporal trends in standardized catch rates and length distributions and effects on pelagic and seamount ecosystems. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 22: 446-488. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E., Dunn, D., Read, A., Warner, R., Hyrenbach, K. 2011. Designing criteria suites to identify sites and networks of high value across manifestations of biodiversity. Biodiversity and Conservation 20(14): 3363-3383. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E. 2011. Bycatch governance and best practice mitigation technology in global tuna fisheries. Marine Policy 35: 590-609. DOWNLOAD
Pereira, H., Leadley, P., Proença, V., Alkemade, R., Scharlemann, J., Fernandez-Manjarrés, J., Araújo, M., Balvanera, P., Biggs, R., Cheung, W., Cooper, D., Gilman, E, Guenette, S., Hurtt, G., Huntington, H., Mace, G., Oberdorff, T., Revenga, C., Scholes, R, Sumaila, U., Walpole, W. 2010. Scenarios for global biodiversity in the 21st century. Science DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E, Gearhart, J., Price, B., Eckert, S., Milliken, J., Wang, J., Swimmer, Y., Shiode, D., Abe, O., Peckham, S., Chaloupka, M., Hall, M., Mangel, J., Alfaro-Shigueto, J., Dalzell, P., Ishizaki, A. 2009. Mitigating sea turtle bycatch in coastal passive net fisheries. Fish and Fisheries 11(1): 57-88. http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/by_catch/docs/turtle_article.pdf DOWNLOAD
Brothers, N., Duckworth, A., Safina, C., Gilman, E. 2010. Seabird bycatch from pelagic longline fisheries is grossly underestimated when using only haul data. PLoS ONE 5(8): info:/10.1371/journal.pone.0012491. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E., Kobayashi, D., Chaloupka, M. 2008. Reducing seabird bycatch in the Hawaii longline tuna fishery. Endangered Species Research 5(2-3):309-323. http://www.int-res.com/articles/esr2008/theme/Bycatch/bycatchpp14.pdf. DOWNLOAD
Zydelis, R., Wallace, B., Gilman, E., Werner, T. 2009. Conservation of marine megafauna requires avoiding and minimizing fisheries bycatch. Conservation Biology 23(3): 608-616. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E., Clarke, S., Brothers, N., Alfaro-Shigueto, J., Mandelman, J., Mangel, J., Peterson, S., Piovano, S., Thomson, N., Dalzell, P., Donoso, M., Goren, M., Werner, T. 2008. Shark interactions in pelagic longline fisheries. Marine Policy 32: 1-18. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E., J. Ellison, N. Duke, C. Field. 2008. Review: Threats to mangroves from climate change and adaptation options. Aquatic Botany 89: 237-250. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E., D. Kobayashi, T. Swenarton, N. Brothers, P. Dalzell, I. Kinan. 2007. Reducing sea turtle interactions in the Hawaii-based longline swordfish fishery. Biological Conservation 139: 19-28. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E. J. Ellison, I. Sauni Jr., S. Tuaumu. 2007. Trends in surface elevations of American Samoa mangroves. Wetlands Ecology and Management 15(5): 391-404. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E. J. Ellison. 2007. Efficacy of alternative low-cost approaches to mangrove restoration, American Samoa. Estuaries and Coasts 30(4): 641-651. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E., J. Ellison, V. Jungblat, H. VanLavieren, E. Adler, L. Wilson, F. Areki, G. Brighouse, J. Bungitak, E. Dus, M. Henry, I. Sauni Jr., M. Kilman, E. Matthews, N. Teariki-Ruatu, S. Tukia, K. Yuknavage. 2006. Adapting to Pacific Island mangrove responses to sea level rise and other climate change effects. Climate Research 32(3): 161-176. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E., N. Brothers, G. McPherson, P. Dalzell. 2006. Review of cetacean interactions with longline gear. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management 8(2): 215-223. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E., J. Ellison, R. Coleman. 2007. Assessment of mangrove response to projected relative sea-level rise and recent historical reconstruction of shoreline position. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 124(1-3): 105-130. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E, E. Zollett, S. Beverly, H, Nakano, D. Shiode, K. Davis, P. Dalzell, I. Kinan. 2006. Reducing sea turtle bycatch in pelagic longline gear. Fish and Fisheries 7(1): 2-23. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E., Dalzell, P., Martin, S. 2006. Fleet communication to abate fisheries bycatch. Marine Policy 30(4): 360-366. DOWNLOAD
Gilman E., Brothers N., Kobayashi D. 2007. Comparison of the efficacy of three seabird bycatch avoidance methods in Hawaii pelagic longline fisheries. Fisheries Science 73(1): 208-210. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E., N. Brothers, D. Kobayashi. 2005. Principles and approaches to abate seabird bycatch in longline fisheries. Fish and Fisheries 6(1): 35-49. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E., C. Boggs, and N. Brothers. 2003. Performance assessment of an underwater setting chute to mitigate seabird bycatch in the Hawaii pelagic longline tuna fishery. Ocean and Coastal Management 46(11-12): 985-1010. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E. and H. Freifeld. 2003. Seabird mortality in North Pacific longline fisheries. Endangered Species Update 20(2): 35-46. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E.L. 2002. Guidelines for coastal and marine site-planning and examples of planning and management intervention tools. Ocean and Coastal Management 45(6-7): 377-404. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E.L. 2001. Integrated management approach to address incidental mortality of seabirds in longline fisheries. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. 11(5): 391-414. DOWNLOAD
Cousins, K., P. Dalzell, and E. Gilman. 2001 . Managing pelagic longline-albatross interactions in the North Pacific Ocean. Marine Ornithology 28(2): 159-174.
Gilman, E.L. 1999. Choosing appropriate instruments from the wetlands management toolbox: A planning process for wetlands conservation. Wetland Journal 11(3):15-22.
Gilman, E.L. 1998. Nationwide permit program: Unknown adverse impacts on the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands’ wetlands. Coastal Management 26(4):253-277.
Gilman, E.L. 1997. Community-based and multiple purpose protected areas: A model to select and manage protected areas with lessons from the Pacific Islands. Coastal Management 25(1):59-91. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E.L. 1997. A method to investigate wetland mitigation banking for Saipan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. Ocean and Coastal Management. 34(2):117-152. DOWNLOAD
Books, Volumes and Circulars
Gilman, E., Chopin, F., Suuronen, P. In Press (2016). Abandoned, Lost and Discarded Gillnets and Trammel Nets. Methods to Estimate Ghost Fishing Mortality, and Status of Regional Monitoring and Management. FAO FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE TECHNICAL PAPER 600. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
Gilman, E., Hall, M. 2015. Potentially Significant Variables Explaining Bycatch and Survival Rates and Alternative Data Collection Protocols to Harmonize Tuna RFMOs’ Pelagic Longline Observer Programmes. Appendix 1 to WCPFC-SC11-2015/EB-IP-05. Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission, Kolonia, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E., Veiga, P., Sousa, P., Morgan, A., Segurado, S. 2014. Sustainability of Main Commercial Tuna Stocks. Sustainable Fisheries Partnership, Honolulu, USA. http://cmsdevelopment.sustainablefish.org.s3.amazonaws.com/2014/07/28/Tuna_-_SFP_Sector_Report_2014_FINAL-ea903da2.pdf
Gilman, E., Passfield, K., Nakamura, K. 2012. Performance Assessment of Bycatch and Discards Governance by Regional Fisheries Management Organizations. ISBN: 978-2-8317-1361-8. International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Commission on Ecosystem Management and Oceania Regional Office, Gland, Switzerland and Suva, Fiji. https://portals.iucn.org/library/efiles/documents/2012-034.pdf; https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Eric_Gilman2/publication/262261868_Performance_Assessment_of_Bycatch_and_Discards_Governance_by_Regional_Fisheries_Management_Organizations/file/9c96053726e37a402b.pdf?ev=pub_int_doc_dl&origin=publication_list&inViewer=true
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 2010. Guidelines to Reduce Sea turtle Mortality in Fishing Operations. FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries. Prepared by Gilman, E., Bianchi, G. ISBN 978-92-106226-5. FAO, Rome. http://www.fao.org/docrep/012/i0725e/i0725e.pdf.
Gilman, E., Gearhart, J., Price, B., Eckert, S., Milliken, H., Wang, J., Swimmer, Y., Shiode, D., Abe, O., Peckham, S.H., Chaloupka, M., Hall, M., Mangel, J., Alfaro-Shigueto, J., Dalzell, P., Ishizaki, A. 2009. Mitigating Sea Turtle Bycatch in Coastal Passive Net Fisheries. International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland. ISBN: 978-2-8317-1128-7.
Gilman, E., Moth-Poulsen, T., Bianchi, G. 2007. Review of Measures Taken by Inter-Governmental Organizations to Address Problematic Sea Turtle and Seabird Interactions in Marine Capture Fisheries. Fisheries Circular No. 1025, ISSN 0429-0329. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome. (http://www.fao.org/docrep/010/a1426e/a1426e00.htm)
Gilman, E., Clarke, S., Brothers, N., Alfaro-Shigueto, J., Mandelman, J., Mangel, J., Peterson, S., Piovano, S., Thomson, N., Dalzell, P., Donoso, M., Goren, M., Werner, T. 2007. Shark Depredation and Unwanted Bycatch in Pelagic Longline Fisheries: Industry Practices and Attitudes, and Shark Avoidance Strategies. Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council, Honolulu, USA. ISBN: 1-934061-06-9. (http://www.unep.org/regionalseas/publications/otherpubs/pdfs/shark_depredation_and_unwanted_bycatch.pdf; http://www.wpcouncil.org/pelagic/Documents/Shark-Longline_Interactions_Report.pdf).
Gilman, E., H. Van Lavieren, J. Ellison, V. Jungblut, L. Wilson, F. Areki, G. Brighouse, J. Bungitak, E. Dus, M. Henry, M. Kilman, E. Matthews, I. Sauni Jr., N. Teariki-Ruatu, S. Tukia, K. Yuknavage. 2006. Pacific Island Mangroves in a Changing Climate and Rising Sea. UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies No. 179. United Nations Environment Programme, Regional Seas Programme, Nairobi, KENYA. ISBN 92-807-2741-9. (www.unep.org/PDF/mangrove-report.pdf).
Passfield, K., Gilman, E. 2010. Effects of Pelagic Longline Fishing on Seamount Ecosystems based on Interviews with Pacific Island Fishers. Technical Report produced under the Global Environment Facility Oceanic Fisheries Management Project. International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland. http://cmsdata.iucn.org/downloads/pelagic_longline_seamount_iucn_final__june_20_2010__3_.pdf
Gilman, E., Chaloupka, M., 2011. Availability of Primary Data on Marine Invasive Alien Species for Robust Species Distribution Modelling: A Global Assessment of What’s Known and Next Steps in Developing the Biodiversity Data Commons. Preliminary Results. Blue Ocean Institute, Cold Spring Harbor, New York, U.S.A. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E., Crowder, L., Warner, R. 2011. Executive Summary. Proceedings of the Fifth International Fishers Forum on Marine Spatial Planning and Bycatch Mitigation. Pp. 9-11 IN Gilman, E., Ishizaki, A., Chang, D., Liu, W., Dalzell, P. (Eds.). 2010. Proceedings of the Fifth International Fishers Forum on Marine Spatial Planning and Bycatch Mitigation. Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council and Fisheries Agency Taiwan, Honolulu, USA, and Taipei, Taiwan. ISBN 1-934061-54-9. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E., King, N., Peterson, T., Chavan, V., Hahn, A. 2010. Building the Biodiversity Data Commons - The Global Biodiversity Information Facility. PP. 79-102 IN Maurer, L. (Ed.) ICT for Agriculture and Biodiversity Conservation. ICT Ensure, Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria. DOWNLOAD http://ec.europa.eu/environment/integration/research/newsalert/pdf/178na4.pdf
Gilman, E., Ellison, J. 2010. Relative Sea-level Rise Tipping Points for Coastal Ecosystems. Pp. 100-110 IN Leadley, P., Pereira, H., Alkemade, R., Fernandez-Manjarres, J., Proenca, V., Scharlemann, J., Walpole, M. (Eds.). Biodiversity Scenarios: Projections of 21st Century Change in Biodiversity and Associated Ecosystem Services. A Technical Report for the Global Biodiversity Outlook 3. CBD Technical Series No. 50. ISBN 92-9225-219-4. Convention on Biological Diversity Secretariat, Montreal. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E., Lundin, C. 2010. Minimizing Bycatch of Sensitive Species Groups in Marine Capture Fisheries: Lessons from Commercial Tuna Fisheries. Pp. 150-164 IN: Grafton, Q., Hillborn, R., Squires, D., Tait, M., Williams, M. (Eds.). Handbook of Marine Fisheries Conservation and Management. Oxford University Press.
Gilman, E., Ellison, J., Duke, N., Field, C. 2009. Mangroves and climate change. Pp. 34-35 IN Spalding, M., Kainuma, M., COllins, L. (Eds). World Atlas of Mangroves. Earthscan, London. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E. 2008. Conservation and Management of Tunas: Reaching New Heights or Sinking to New Depths. Pp. 76-87 IN Adrift: Tales of Ocean Fragility. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
Gilman, EL, S. Martin, J. Cook. 2007. Working with Hawaii longline fishers to abate fisheries bycatch. Pp. 261-271 IN Kennelly, S.J. (Ed.) By-Catch Reduction in the World’s Fisheries. Springer Verlag, The Netherlands.
Gilman, EL. 2007. USA Western and Central Pacific Ocean. In DeYoung, C. (Ed.). State of World Marine Capture Fisheries Management - 2006: Pacific Ocean. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 488/1. ISBN 978-92-5-105875-6. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome. DOWNLOAD
Swimmer, Y., Gilman, E. 2006. Fishing technology gears up for sea turtle conservation. p. 24 IN Mast, R, Bailey, L., Hutchinson, B. (Eds). The State of the World’s Sea Turtles SWOT Report Volume 1. Burning Issues in Conservation. Leatherback Sea Turtles of the World. State of the World’s Sea Turtles, Washington, D.C., USA. 36 pp.
Safina, C., E. Gilman, J. Nichols. 2005. Twine and the ancient mariners: albatrosses, sea turtles, and fishing gear in the North Pacific and elsewhere. IN Guynup, S. (ed.) The State of the Wild. Island Press.
Gilman, E.L. 1999. Chapter 1. Compensatory wetland mitigation in the CNMI: An incipient discipline. Pp. 3-17 In: An International Perspective on Wetland Rehabilitation, ed. W. Streever. Kluwer Academic Publishers, New York, USA.
Technical Reports and Proceedings
Gilman, E. 2013. Transparency in Information on Compliance under the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission. Blue Ocean Institute, Cold Spring Harbor, NY, USA. DOWNLOAD
NMFS. 2012. Annual Report on Seabird Interactions and Mitigation Efforts in the Hawaii Longline Fisheries – 2011. Produced by Gilman, E., Wiedoff, B. National Marine Fisheries Service, Pacific Islands Regional Office, Honolulu. DOWNLOAD
Gilman, E., Passfield, K. 2012. WCPFC8-2011-OP/02. Performance Assessment of RFMO Bycatch Governance: Criteria Suite Design and Results for Assessment of the WCPFC. Information Paper to the Commission Eight Regular Session, Tumon, Guam, USA, 26-30 March, 2012. Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission, Palikir, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia. Available online http://www.wcpfc.int/doc/wcpfc8-2011-op-02/performance-assessment-rfmo-bycatch-governance-criteria-suite-design-and-resul.
Swimmer, Y., Gilman, E. 2012. Report of the Sea Turtle Longline Fishery Post-release Mortality Workshop, November 15-16, 2011. US Department of Commerce NOAA Technical Memo. NOAA-TM-NMFS-PIFSC-34. DOWNLOAD http://www.pifsc.noaa.gov/library/pubs/tech/NOAA_Tech_Memo_PIFSC_34.pdf
2011. Governance of Discards to
Achieve Ecosystem Maintenance via the European Union Common Fisheries Policy. Invited testimony to the European Parliament
public hearing, Ways of Securing the Future of Our Fisheries
Resources, 4 May 2011. European
Gilman, E., Ishizaki, A., Chang, D., Liu, W.Y., Dalzell, P. (Editors). 2011. Proceedings of the Fifth International Fishers Forum on Marine Spatial Planning and Bycatch Mitigation. Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council, Honolulu, USA. ISBN 1-934061-54-9. DOWNLOAD the Executive Summary.
IOSEA. 2010. Provisional Criteria Suite for the Network of Sites of Importance for Marine Turtles in the Indian Ocean – South-East Asia Region. Working Paper. Version: 24 October 2010. Prepared by E. Gilman. Secretariat of the Indian Ocean – South-East Asia Marine Turtle Memorandum of Understanding, Bangkok.
IOSEA. 2010. Towards a Network of Sites of Importance to Marine Turtles in the Indian Ocean – South-East Asia Region. Working Paper. Version:  October 2010. Prepared by E. Gilman. Secretariat of the Indian Ocean – South-East Asia Marine Turtle Memorandum of Understanding, Bangkok.
Gilman, E. 2011. Mitigating Unwanted Bycatch in Marine Capture Fisheries: Lessons from Tuna Fisheries. IN Gilman, E. (Ed.). Proceedings of the Fifth International Fishers Forum on Marine Spatial Planning and Bycatch Mitigation, Taipei, 3-5 August 2010. Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council, Honolulu. ISBN 1-934061-54-9.
Gilman, E. 2009. Integration of Fishery-dependent Datasets. GBIF Circular.2009-3. Global Biodiversity Information Facility, Copenhagen.
Penman, D., King, N., Gilman, E. 2009. Building the Informatics Commons to Manage Climate Change Impacts on Biodiversity. ASEAN Conference on Biodiversity 2009. 21-23 October, 2009, Singapore.
Ramirez, J., Jarvis, A., King, N., Gaiji, S., Gilman, E., Chavan, V., Guarino, L. 2009. Using GBIF to assess the likely impact of climate change on wild relatives of major food crops. Abstract. IN Proceedings of the International Workshop on the Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture, 17-18 December 2009, Space Applications Centre, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.
Gilman, E. 2009. The Global Biodiversity Information Facility and Bioinformatics: The Foundation for Understanding and Conserving Earth’s Diversity of Life. GBIF Circular Particip.2009. Global Biodiversity Information Facility, Copenhagen.
Gilman, E. (Ed.). 2009. Proceedings of the Technical Workshop on Mitigating Sea Turtle Bycatch in Coastal Net Fisheries. 20-22 January 2009, Honolulu, U.S.A. IUCN, Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, Indian Ocean – South-East Asian Marine Turtle MoU, U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service, Southeast Fisheries Science Center: Gland, Switzerland; Honolulu, Bangkok, and Pascagoula, USA. ISBN 1-934061-40-9. http://www.ioseaturtles.org/eleclib/Proceedings_Net_Fisheries_turtle_Bycatch-FINAL-lower-res.pdf; http://www.iucn.org/about/work/programmes/marine/marine_resources/marine_publications/?3800/mitigatingturtlebycatch.
Gilman, E. 2008. Market-Based Influences on Tuna Production and Sourcing: Demand for Minimum Substantive Standards for Tuna Fisheries Sustainability. IN Proceedings of the United Nations Environment Programme Workshop on Challenges for the Sustainable Consumption and Production of Fisheries Products: Ecolabelling, Certification and other Supply Chain Issues, 18-19 September, 2008, Paris. United Nations Environment Programme, Paris.
Gilman, E. 2008. Market-Based Influences on Tuna Production and Sourcing: Demand for Minimum Substantive Standards for Tuna Fisheries Sustainability. Prepared for the Fisheries Agency, Executive Yuan, Taiwan. IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature), Honolulu.
IUCN and Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council. 2008. Sustainable Tuna Roundtable, 2008 Meeting Report. April 21, 2008, Manos Conference Center, Brussels. International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland, and Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council, Honolulu, U.S.A. http://cmsdata.iucn.org/downloads/sustainable_tuna_roundtable_21april08_meeting_report.pdf
Gilman, E. (Compiler). 2008. Proceedings of the Fourth International Fishers Forum, 12-14 November 2007, Puntarenas, Costa Rica. Western Pacific Fishery Management Council, Honolulu.
Gilman, E. 2008. Alternative branch line weights for pelagic longlines. International Union for the Conservation of Nature and U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service, Pacific Islands Regional Office, Gland, Switzerland and Honolulu, U.S.A. http://cmsdata.iucn.org/downloads/safelead_trial_report.pdf
Gilman, E. 2008. Pacific Leatherback Conservation and Research Activities, Financing and Priorities. Western Pacific Fishery Management Council and IUCN, Honolulu, U.S.A., and Gland, Switzerland.
Gilman, E., Kinan-Kelly, I., Dalzell, P. (Editors) 2008. Report of the North Pacific Loggerhead Sea Turtle Expert Workshop, December 19-20, 2007. Western Pacific Fishery Management Council, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.
Gilman, E., Clarke, S., Brothers, N., Alfaro-Shigueto, J., Mandelman, J., Mangel, J., Peterson, S., Piovano, S., Thomson, N., Dalzell, P., Donoso, M., Goren, M., Werner, T. 2008. Shark Depredation and Unwanted Bycatch in Pelagic Longline Fisheries: Industry Practices and Attitudes, and Shark Avoidance Strategies. IN Proceedings of the Fourth International Fishers Forum, 12-14 November 2007, Puntarenas, Costa Rica. Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council and Instituto Costarricense de Pesca y Acuicultura, Honolulu, USA and San Jose, Costa Rica.
Gilman, E. 2006. Incidental Capture of Seabirds in Pelagic Longline Fisheries of the Tropical and Subtropical Pacific Islands Region and Draft Pacific Islands Regional Plan of Action for Reducing the Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Pelagic Longline Fisheries. Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency, Honiara, Solomon Islands. DOWNLOAD http://iwlearn.net/iw-projects/2131/reports/Seabird%20Bycatch%20longline%20fisheries%20report%20Sept_06.pdf
Gilman, E. (Editor). 2006. Proceedings of the Symposium on Mangrove Responses to Relative Sea Level Rise and Other Climate Change Effects, 13 July 2006, Catchments to Coast, Society of Wetland Scientists 27th International Conference, 9-14 July 2006, Cairns Convention Centre, Cairns, Australia. Published by the Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. ISBN 1-934061-03-4.
Gilman, E., J. Ellison, R. Coleman. 2006. Recent historical reconstruction of mangrove margin position and assessment of mangrove response to projected relative sea-level rise. Proceedings of the Symposium on Mangrove Responses to Climate Change Effects, Society of Wetland Scientists 2006 Conference, 9-14 July 2006, Cairns, Australia. Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council and United Nations Environment Programme Regional Seas Programme, Honolulu, USA and Nairobi, Kenya.
Brothers, N., E. Gilman. 2006. Technical Assistance for Hawaii Pelagic Longline Vessels to Change Deck Design and Fishing Practices to Side Set. Hawaii Longline Association, U.S. NOAA Fisheries Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center and Pacific Islands Regional Office, and Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council: Honolulu, Hawaii.
Watson, J., C. Boggs, Y. Swimmer, E. Gilman. 2005. Research on Sea Turtle Bycatch Avoidance Methods: U.S. Research and Regional Review. Abstract. International Tuna Fishers’ Conference on Responsible Fisheries and Third International Fishers’ Forum, 25-29 July 2005, Inter-Continental Grand Yokohama Hotel, Yokohama, Japan.
Gilman, E., McPherson, G., Dalzell, P. 2005. Problems Resulting from Cetacean Interactions with Pelagic Longline Gear. Discussion Group on Reducing Interactions Between Cetaceans and Pelagic Longline Gear, 27 July 2005, Inter-Continental Grand Yokohama Hotel, Yokohama, Japan.
Martin, S., Gilman, E., Dalzell, P. 2006. Meeting Hawaii longline industry needs to reduce fisheries bycatch through cooperative research. Pp. 197-203 IN Read, A.N., Hartley, T.W. (Eds.). Partnerships for a Common Purpose: Cooperative Fisheries Research and Management. Proceedings of the American Fisheries Society/Sea Grant Symposium 52. American Fisheries Society 135th Annual Meeting, 11-15 September 2005, Anchorage, Alaska. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.
Gilman, E. 2004. Assessing and Managing Coastal Ecosystem Responses to Change in Sea-Level and Climate. Prepared for the International Research Foundation for Development Forum on Small Island Developing States: Challenges, Prospects and International Cooperation for Sustainable Development. Contribution to the Barbados + 10 United Nations International Meeting on Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States, Port Louis, Mauritius, 10-14 January 2005. Honolulu, Blue Ocean Institute.
Gilman, E., Ellison, J. 2004. Manual for American Samoa Community-Based Mangrove Monitoring. Monitoring Changes in Mangrove Community Structure and Response to Relative Sea-Level Rise. Pago Pago: American Samoa Coastal Management Program, Department of Commerce.
Gilman, E. 2004. Assessment of Seabird Bycatch Mitigation Methods in Hawaii Pelagic Longline Fisheries. Proceedings of the Asia Regional Technical Workshop on Seabird Bycatch and Mitigation, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 12-15 January 2004. Wild Bird Federation of Taiwan and BirdLife International.
Gilman, E. 2003. Keeping Seabirds off the Hook. Minimizing Incidental Capture of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries through Collaboration, Commercial Demonstrations, and Mainstreaming Best Practices. Presented at the conference, Managing Our Nation’s Marine Fisheries – Past, Present, and Future. Omni-Shoreham Hotel and Conference Center, Washington, D.C., 13-15 November 2003.
Gilman, E. 2003. Managing Marine Fisheries of the U.S. Pacific Islands – Past, Present, and Future. Prepared for the U.S. Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council. Presented at the conference, Managing Our Nation’s Marine Fisheries – Past, Present and Future. Omni-Shoreham Hotel and Conference Center, Washington, D.C., 13-15 November 2003.
Gilman, E. 2003. Commercial, Recreational, and Charter Pelagic Fisheries of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Coral Reef Ecosystem Reserve and Proposed Sanctuary. Prepared for the Sustainable Resources Group International, Inc., and the U.S. National Marine Sanctuary System.
Gilman, E., M. Seto, and D. Smith. 2002. Information Sheet on Ramsar Wetlands. Kawainui and Hamakua Marshes, Hawaii, USA. Hawaii State Office of the Governor. 12pp.
Thiel, H., and E.L. Gilman. 2001. Protection for Seabirds on the High Seas. IN H. Thiel and J.A. Koslow, eds., Expert Workshop on Managing Risks to Biodiversity and the Environment on the High Seas, Including Tools Such as Marine Protected Areas. Scientific Requirements and Legal Aspects. Proceedings of a Workshop Held at the International Academy for Nature Conservation, Isle of Vilm, Germany, 27 February to 4 March 2001. Federal Agency of Nature Conservation, Hamburg, Germany.
Gilman, E.L. 2000. Existing Marine Resources Management Framework and Recent Initiatives to Change the Governance of Marine Resources of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. White paper. National Audubon Society's Living Oceans Program. 9 pp.
Gilman, E.L. 1999. Summary of the Benefits, Costs, and Procedure to Designate and Manage a Wetland of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands as a Ramsar Site under the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Islands Office, Honolulu, HI, USA. 9 pp.
Society of Wetland Scientists and Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands. 1999. Memorandum of Cooperation Between the Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands and the Society of Wetland Scientists relating to Cooperation for the Knowledgeable Management, Conservation, and Wise Use of Wetlands. 30 June. Gland, Switzerland. 3pp.
Gilman, E.L. and M.M. Davis. 1999. Draft Hydrogeomorphic Functional Assessment Method for the CNMI's Depressional Wetlands. Division of Environmental Quality, Saipan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, USA. 120 pp.
Borja, F.B., and E.L. Gilman. 1998. Information Sheet on Ramsar Wetlands. Hagoi Wetland, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, USA. 12pp.
Gilman, E.L. 1997. Overview of wetlands management concepts and techniques with lessons from the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. In: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's 16th Annual Pacific Islands Conference Proceedings: Sustainable Development in the Pacific Islands, ed. J. Branch. June 16-20. Pohnpei, FSM.
Gilman, E.L. 1996. Community-based and multiple-purpose protected areas: A model for selecting and managing protected areas with lessons from The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. In: The Coastal Society 15th Conference Proceedings, ed. T. Bigford and R. Boyles, Jr. 122-127. Seattle, Washington: The Coastal Society.
Gilman, E.L 1996 Report to Governor Froilan C. Tenorio. A Recommended Approach to Manage Saipan's Wetlands. Prepared for the Joint Federal/CNMI Environmental Working Group, Office of the Governor, Saipan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, USA. 32 pp.
Gilman, Eric L. 1996. Management Plan for the Sabana Protected Area, Rota, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. Department of Lands and Natural Resources. Saipan, CNMI, USA, 32 pp.Tags Marine biodiversity fisheries fish capture governance bycatch management seabird sea turtle shark tuna albatross cetacean marine mammal criteria assessment ecological risk regional fisheries management organization RFMO FAO swordfish purse seine longline gillnet selective selectivity trophic cascade ecosystem-based spatial planning by-catch by-catch discards manage governance govern reduce bycatch by-catch donor fundraise environment foundation discard biodiversity marine conservation unobserved fishing mortality Ecosystem Fishery endangered species ecology marine endangered animals world wildlife fund iucn conservation fishery articles biodiversity articles by-catchSuites of criteria specifying ecological, biological, social, economic, and governance properties enable the systematic identification of sites and networks of high biodiversity value, and can support balancing ecological and socioeconomic objectives of biodiversity conservation in terrestrial and marine spatial planning. We describe designs of suites of ecological, governance and socioeconomic criteria to comprehensively cover manifestations of biodiversity, from genotypes to biomes; compensate for taxonomic and spatial gaps in available datasets; balance biases resulting from conventionally-employed narrow criteria suites focusing on rare, endemic and threatened species; plan for climate change effects on biodiversity; and optimize the ecological and administrative networking of sites. Representativeness, replication, ecological connectivity, size, and refugia are identified as minimum ecological properties of site networks. Through inclusion of a criterion for phylogenetic distinctiveness, criteria suites identify sites important for maintaining evolutionary processes. Criteria for focal species are needed to overcome data gaps and address limitations in knowledge of factors responsible for maintaining ecosystem integrity.
Overexploitation of bycatch and target species in marine capture fisheries is the most widespread and direct driver of change and loss of global marine biodiversity. Bycatch in purse seine and pelagic longline tuna fisheries, the two primary gear types for catching tunas, is a primary mortality source of some populations of seabirds, sea turtles, marine mammals and sharks. Bycatch of juvenile tunas and unmarketable species and sizes of other fish in purse seine fisheries, and juvenile swordfish in longline fisheries, contributes to the overexploitation of some stocks, and is an allocation issue. There has been substantial progress in identifying gear technology solutions to seabird and sea turtle bycatch on longlines and to direct dolphin mortality in purse seines. Given sufficient investment, gear technology solutions are probably feasible for the remaining bycatch problems. More comprehensive consideration across species groups is needed to identify conflicts as well as mutual benefits from mitigation methods. Fishery-specific bycatch assessments are necessary to determine the efficacy, economic viability, practicality and safety of alternative mitigation methods. While support for gear technology research and development has generally been strong, political will to achieve broad uptake of best practices has been lacking. The five Regional Fisheries Management Organizations have achieved mixed progress mitigating bycatch. Large gaps remain in both knowledge of ecological risks and governance of bycatch. Most binding conservation and management measures fall short of gear technology best practice. A lack of performance standards, in combination with inadequate observer coverage for all but large Pacific purse seiners, and incomplete data collection, hinders assessing measures’ efficacy. Compliance is probably low due to inadequate surveillance and enforcement. Illegal, unreported and unregulated tuna fishing hampers governance efforts. Replacing consensus-based decision-making and eliminating opt-out provisions would help. Instituting rights-based management measures could elicit improved bycatch mitigation practices. While gradual improvements in international governance of bycatch can be expected, market-based mechanisms, including retailers and their suppliers working with fisheries to gradually improve practices and governance, promise to be expeditious and effective.
Keywords: biodiversity; criteria; data quality; protected area; reserve; site network; spatial planning; systematic conservation planning
Keywords: Bycatch; Discard; Fisheries; Mitigation; Regional Fisheries Management Organization; Tuna
google search global international consultant marine fisheries assessment certification body link seafood label ecolabel canned tuna sashimi bluefin finning discard discarding Mangrove ecosystems are threatened by climate change. We review the state of knowledge of mangrove vulnerability and responses to
predicted climate change and consider adaptation options. Based on available evidence, of all the climate change outcomes, relative sea-level
rise may be the greatest threat to mangroves. Most mangrove sediment surface elevations are not keeping pace with sea-level rise, although
longer term studies from a larger number of regions are needed. Rising sea-level will have the greatest impact on mangroves experiencing net
lowering in sediment elevation, where there is limited area for landward migration. The Paciﬁc Islands mangroves have been demonstrated to
be at high risk of substantial reductions. There is less certainty over other climate change outcomes and mangrove responses. More research
is needed on assessment methods and standard indicators of change in response to effects from climate change, while regional monitoring
networks are needed to observe these responses to enable educated adaptation. Adaptation measures can offset anticipated mangrove losses
and improve resistance and resilience to climate change. Coastal planning can adapt to facilitate mangrove migration with sea-level rise.
Management of activities within the catchment that affect long-term trends in the mangrove sediment elevation, better management of other
stressors on mangroves, rehabilitation of degraded mangrove areas, and increases in systems of strategically designed protected
Charlotte Perkins Yellow wallpaper area networks that include mangroves and functionally linked ecosystems through representation, replication and refugia, are additional CONSULTING Services fisheries mangrove adaptation options