Philip Swenson


I’m an associate professor at the College of William & Mary. I do research in Ethics, Metaphysics, Agency, and Philosophy of Religion. I earned my PhD at the University of California-Riverside. I also spent time at Notre Dame and Rutgers before coming to William & Mary. Here is an interview in which I discuss moral luck. You can contact me at


"Equal Moral Opportunity: A Solution to the Problem of Moral Luck” forthcoming in Australasian Journal of Philosophy 

"God and Moral Knowledge” (with Dustin Crummett)  A New Theist Response to the New Atheists. Routledge: (2020)

“How to be an Actualist and Blame People” (with Travis Timmerman) Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility (2019)

Luckily, We Are Only Responsible for What We Could Have AvoidedMidwest Studies in Philosophy (2019)

Moral Responsibility without General Ability” (with Taylor W. Cyr)  Philosophical Quarterly (2019)

Gun Control, the Right to Self-Defense, and Reasonable Beneficence to All” (with Dustin Crummett) Ergo (2019)

Bundle Theory and the Identity of Indiscernibles” (with Bradley Rettler)  Res Philosophica (2019) 

Frankfurt Cases: The Fine-grained Response Revisited” (with Justin Capes) Philosophical Studies (2017)

 “Subjective Deontology and the Duty to Gather InformationEthics (2016)

Ability, Foreknowledge and Explanatory DependenceAustralasian Journal of Philosophy (2016)

The Frankfurt Cases and Responsibility for Omissions” Philosophical Quarterly (2016)

A Challenge for Frankfurt-Style CompatibilistsPhilosophical Studies (2015)

Reasons-Responsiveness and Degrees of Responsibility (with D. Justin Coates) Philosophical Studies (2013)

Ability-Based Objections to No-Best-World Arguments” (with Brian Kierland) Philosophical Studies (2013)

Skepticism about the Argument from Divine Hiddenness” (with Justin P. McBrayer) Religious Studies (2012)

Symposium Contributions, Encyclopedia Articles, and Book Reviews:

Incompatibilist (Nondeterministic) Theories of Free Will” (with Randolph Clarke and Justin Capes) Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

"Fischer on Foreknowledge and Explanatory DependenceEuropean Journal for Philosophy of Religion (2017) [Contribution to a book symposium on John Martin Fischer's Our Fate: Essays on God and Free Will.]

"Does it Matter which Explanation is Best?" (with Brian Cutter) Syndicate Philosophy (2017) [Contribution to a book symposium on Kevin McCain's Evidentialism and Epistemic Justification.]

Review of Libertarian Free Will: Contemporary Debates, edited by David Palmer, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews (2015)