Publications

Peer-reviewed (45)

(roles to be updated as per https://doi.org/10.1038/508312a)

Journal papers (21)

· Manzano, P., Seoane, J., Malo, J.E. (in prep). Dung can't measure it all. Removal by ants and beetles constrains dung density as a proxy for herbivore density in Mediterranean pastures.

· Manzano, P., Azcárate, F.M., Malo, J.E. (in prep). Can granivorous ants be better dung removers than beetles? An insight from Mediterranean sheep-grazed pastures.

· Longo , A; Manzano, P: (in prep) Improving delivery of extension services to small livestock keepers through mobile phone-based technology in Kenya.

21.- Leroy, F.*; Abraini, F.; Domínguez-Salas, P.; Gregorini, P.; Manzano, P.; Rowntree, J.; van Vliet, S. (under revision). Animal source foods in healthy, sustainable, and ethical diets. Animal (invited review). ISSN 1751-7311, eISSN 1751-732X

20.- Manzano, P.; Burgas, D.; Cadahía, L.; Eronen, J.; Fernández-Llamazares, Á.; Bencherif, S.; Holand, Ø.; Seitsonen, O.; Byambaa, B.; Fortelius, M.; Fernández-Giménez, M.E.; Galvin, K.A.; Cabeza, M.*; Stenseth, N.C.* (2021) Towards a holistic understanding of pastoralism. One Earth 4 (5), 651-665. ISSN 2590-3322. doi: 10.1016/j.oneear.2021.04.012

19.- Manzano, P. (2021). Lecture d’actualité : Niveaux de référence dans les systèmes d'élevage . Viandes et Produits Carnés 37, VPC-2021-37-1-4. ISSN 2555-8560 (html version here, pdf version here)

18.- del Prado, A.*: Manzano, P.; Pardo, G. (2021). The role of the European small ruminant dairy sector on stabilizing global temperatures: lessons from GWP* warming-equivalent emission metrics. Journal of Dairy Research 8 (1), 8-15. ISSN 0022-0299 (Print), 1469-7629 (Online). doi: 10.1017/S0022029921000157 (pdf version here).

17.- Griffith, E. F.*; Pius, L.; Manzano, P.; Jost, C. C. (2020). COVID-19 in pastoral contexts in the Greater Horn of Africa: implications and recommendations. Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice (Springer) 10, 22. ISSN 2041-7136. doi: 10.1186/s13570-020-00178-x (pdf version here).

16.- García-Fernández, A.; Manzano, P.*; Seoane, J.; Azcárate, F.M.; Iriondo, J.M.; Peco, B. (2019). Herbivore corridors sustain genetic footprint in plant populations: a case for Spanish drove roads. PeerJ 7, e7311. ISSN: 2376-5992. doi: 10.7717/peerj.7311 (Pre-print available at PeerJ preprints: 27222, ISSN: 2167-9843, doi: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.27222v1) (featured at Groupe Travail Désertification, at Revue Sesame at INRAE, at the press department of madri+d and at a variety of Spanish media).

15.- Manzano, P.*; White, S.R. (2019) Intensifying pastoralism may not reduce greenhouse gas emissions: wildlife-dominated landscape scenarios as a baseline in life cycle analysis. Climate Research 77 (2), 91-97. ISSN: 0936-577X (print), 1616-1572 (online). doi: 10.3354/cr01555 (view pdf version here) (featured at IUCN CEM and at the Groupe Travail Désertification)

14.- Manzano, P.* (2017) Development interventions on pastoralist areas: a new decision matrix to identify win-win situations and no-go zones. The Solutions Journal 8 (3) (view HTML version here; Spanish translation available here). ISSN: 2154-0926. (featured at the Coalition of European Lobbies for East African Pastoralism's website)

13.- Rota, C.*; Manzano, P.; Carmona, C.P.; Malo, J.E.; Peco, B. (2017) Plant community assembly in Mediterranean grasslands: Understanding the interplay between grazing pressure and spatio-temporal water availability. Journal of Vegetation Science 28 (1), 149-159. ISSN 1100-9233 (print), 1654-1103 (online). doi: 10.1111/jvs.12470 (full version here; Appendices: 1; 2)

12.- Manzano, P.* (2015) Pastoralist Ownership of Rural Transformation: The adequate path to change. Development 58 (2-3), 326-332. ISSN: 1011-6370, EISSN: 1461-7072. doi: 10.1057/s41301-016-0012-6 (view pdf version here)

11.- Manzano, P.*; Agarwal, M. (2015) Pastoralist Participation and Networking in Policy dialogue: Dimensions and Challenges. Perspectives 18, 1-16. (pdf version here)

10.- Azcárate, F.M.*; Robleño, I.; Seoane, J.; Manzano, P.; Peco, B. (2013) Drove roads as local biodiversity reservoirs: effects on landscape pattern and plant communities in a Mediterranean region. Applied Vegetation Science 16 (3), 480-490. ISSN 1402-2001 (print), 1654-109X (online). doi: 10.1111/avsc.12003 (full version here) (Appendices: 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7).

9.- Notenbaert, A.*; Davies, J.; de Leeuw, J.; Said, M.; Herrero, M.; Manzano, P.; Waithaka, M.; Aboud, A.; Omondi, S. (2012) Policies in support of pastoralism and biodiversity in the heterogeneous drylands of East Africa. Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice (Springer) 2:14. ISSN 2041-7136. doi: 10.1186/2041-7136-2-14 (pdf version here)

8.- Bullock, J.M.*; Galsworthy, S.J.; Manzano, P.; Poschlod, P.; Eichberg, C.; Walker, K.; Wichmann, M.C. (2011) Process-based functions for seed retention on animals: a test of improved descriptions of dispersal using multiple data sets. Oikos 120 (8), 1201-1208. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2010.19092.x (full version here). © Blackwell Publishing.

7.- Manzano, P.*; Azcárate, F.M.; Peco, B.; Malo, J.E. (2010) Are ecologists blind to small things? The missed stories on non-tropical seed predation on feces. Oikos 119 (10), 1537-1545. ISSN 0030-1299 (online 1600-0706) doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2010.18602.x (full version here) (featured at Agencia SINC, and at the National Geographic website (Spanish version)). © Blackwell Publishing.

6.- Cortada, L.; Manzano, P.; Sorribas, F.J.; Ornat, C.: Verdejo-Lucas, S.* (2010) The resistance response of Solanum huaylasense accession LA1358 to Meloidogyne spp. Nematropica 40 (1), 31-40. ISSN 0099-5444 (full version here).

5.- Azcárate, F.M.*; Manzano, P.; Peco, B. (2010) Testing seed-size predictions in Mediterranean annual grasslands. Seed Science Research 20 (4), 179-188. doi: 10.1017/S0960258510000176 (full version here). © Cambridge University Press

4.- Manzano, P.*; Casas, R. (2010) Past, present and future of trashumancia in Spain: nomadism in a developed country. Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice (Practical Action) 1 (1), 72-90. ISSN 2041-7128; doi: 10.6084/m9.figshare.12253130 (full version here).

3.- Sánchez-Meseguer, A.; Manzano, P.* (2008) Sobre la presencia de Vicia dasycarpa Ten. en el centro peninsular (On the presence of Vicia dasycarpa Ten. in the center of the Iberian Peninsula). Lagascalia28, 438-439. ISSN 0210-7708 (full version here)

2.- Manzano, P.*; Malo, J.E. (2006) Extreme long-distance seed dispersal via sheep. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 4 (5), 244-248. ISSN 1540-9295; doi: 10.1890/1540-9295(2006)004[0244:ELSDVS]2.0.CO;2 (full version here) (featured at Science's Editor's Choice and at the madri+d bulletin)

1.- Manzano, P.*; Malo, J.E.; Peco, B. (2005) Sheep gut passage and survival of Mediterranean shrub seeds. Seed Science Research 15 (1), 21-28. ISSN 0960-2585 (print), 1475-2735 (online); doi:10.1079/SSR2004192 (full version here). © Cambridge University Press

* = corresponding author

Books (7)

7.- Odhiambo, M.; Manzano, P. (forthcoming) Developing national legal and policy frameworks for pastoral mobility. Edited by N. Maru. FAO, Rome.

6.- Molina-Flores, B.; Manzano-Baena, P. (2020) The role of livestock in food security, poverty reduction and wealth creation in West Africa. Edited by B. Bedane. FAO, Accra. ISBN 978-92-5-132339-7. Download English version, future download for French version here. doi: 10.4060/ca8385en

5.- Teillard, F.; Finn; J.A.; Said, M.Y.; Alkemade, R.; Anton, A.; Dumont, B.; Funes Monzote; F.R.; Henry, B.K.; Maia de Souza, D.; Manzano, P.; Milà i Canals, Ll.; Phelps, C.; Vijn, S.; White, S.R.; Zerfas, H.P. (2016) Principles for the assessment of livestock impacts on biodiversity. Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance (LEAP) Partnership. FAO, Rome, Italy. ISBN 978-92-5-109521-8 doi: 10.13140/RG.2.1.3126.5127 Download.

This publication includes:

  • Manzano, P. Case study #6: Mobile and sedentary models of extensive livestock keeping compared along the Conquense Drove Road in Eastern Spain (pp. 110-114). Download.

  • Henry, B.K.; Manzano, P. Case study #10: Land management for arid grazing in Botswana (pp. 127-129). Download.

  • Manzano, P. Case study #12: Improvements of livestock disease management through enhanced beef supply chain hazard analysis procedures around Transfrontier Conservation Areas in Southern Africa (pp. 134-139). Download.

4.- Teillard, F.; Anton, A.; Dumont, B.; Finn; J.A.; Henry, B.A.; Maia de Souza, D.; Manzano, P.; Milà i Canals, Ll.; Phelps, C.; Said, M.Y.; Vijn, S.; White, S.R. (2016) A review of indicators and methods to assess biodiversity – application to livestock production at global scale. Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance (LEAP) Partnership. FAO, Rome, Italy. doi: 10.13140/RG.2.1.4125.9367 Download.

3.- Herrera, P. M.; Davies, J.; Manzano Baena, P., eds. (2014) The Governance of Rangelands: Collective Action for Sustainable Pastoralism. Routledge, London. 320 pp. ISBN 978-1138785144. DOI: 10.4324/9781315768014 (full pdf here; available at Routledge, Amazon & Google Books). Reviewed by C. Bedelian at Pastoralism and M. Fernandez-Gimenez at African Journal of Range & Forage Science.

This publication includes:

  • Herrera, P. M.*; Davies, J.; Manzano Baena, P. (2014) Principles of pastoralist governance and land management, pp. 1-31 (Chapter 1) - pdf available here.

  • Herrera, P. M.*; Davies, J.; Manzano Baena, P. (2014) Governance of the rangelands in a changing world, pp. 32-44 (Chapter 2) - pdf available here.

  • Herrera, P. M.*; Davies, J.; Manzano Baena, P. (2014) Rebuilding pastoral governance: lessons learned and conclusions, pp. 236-259 (Chapter 14) - pdf available here.

2.- IUCN (2012). Supporting Sustainable Pastoral Livelihoods: A Global Perspective on Minimum Standards and Good Practices. 2nd Edition March 2012: published for review and consultation through global learning fora. Nairobi, Kenya: IUCN ESARO office. vi + 34pp. (P.M. book co-author, unacknowleged; full English version here; full French version here; full Spanish version here; full Arabic version here; full Russian version here; full Chinese version here)

1.- IUCN (2011). The land we graze. A synthesis of case studies about how pastoralists’ organizations defend their land rights. IUCN ESARO office, Nairobi, Kenya. viii + 48pp. (P.M. book editor, unacknowleged; full English version here; full French version here; full Spanish version here)

Book chapters (4)

4.- García-Montero, L.G.*; Manzano, P.; Alwanney, D.; Valverde-Asenjo, I.; Álvarez, A.; Benito-Matías, L.; Parladé, X.; Ortuño, S.; Morcillo, M.; Gascó, A.; Calderón-Guerrero, C.; Mauro, F.; Méndez, M.; Sánchez-Medina, Á.; Andrés, M.P.; Quintana, J.R.; Menta, C.; Pinto, S.; Pinto, L.; Pita, P.; Turkmen, C.; Pascual, C.; Ayuga, E.; Torrent, F.; Robredo, J.C.; Martín-Ortega, P.; Pera, J.; Gómez, L.; Almendros, G.; Colinas, C.; Verrecchia, E.P. (2017) Towards integrated understanding of rhizosphere phenomenon as ecological driver: can rhizoculture improve agricutural and forestry systems?. In: Lukac, M.; Grenni, P.; Gamboni, M. (eds.), Soil biological communities and ecosystem resilience. Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 43-75 (Chapter 4). doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-63336-7_4

3.- Manzano Baena, P.* (2016) Préface. In: Nugteren, H.; Le Côme, C. Libérer le potentiel du pastoralisme pour développer l’Afrique de l’Ouest (Unleashing the potential of pastoralism to develop West-Africa). Edited by F. Zaal, T. Hilhorst, J. Sluijs, pp. 8-9. ISBN: 978-94-6022-431-7 (full pdf here)

2.- Manzano Baena, P.* (2012) Shaping policies. Science-policy interface in Natural Resources Management. In: Davies, J. (ed.), Conservation and sustainable development. Linking practice and policy in Eastern Africa. Taylor & Francis, New York and London; IDRC, Ottawa, pp. 107-126 (Chapter 7). ISBN 978-0-415-50182-8 (full chapter here; chapter available at Google Books, book partially available at Google Books; full book available here).

1.- Azcárate, F.M.*; Manzano, P. (2011) A fable on voracious and gourmet ants: ant-seed interactions from predation to dispersal. In: Polidori, C. (ed.), Predation in the Hymenoptera: An Evolutionary perspective. Transworld Research Network, Kerala, India, pp. 79-99 (Chapter 4). ISBN: 978-81-7895-530-8 (chapter pdf available here, all separate chapters available here, full book including preface available here).

Book Reviews (1)

1.- (Unacknowledged, 2015) The Governance of rangelands: collective action for sustainable pastoralism. Edited by P.M.Herrera, J.Davies and P.Manzano. Routleddge, London Published in 2014, pp. 320 ISBN 978-1138785144. Animal Genetic Resources/Ressources génétiques animales/Recursos genéticos animales, 57, pp. 127–128. ISSN: 2078-6336 (print), 2078-6344 (online); doi: 10.1017/S207863361500034X. (pdf available here)

Conference Papers (10)

10.- Manzano P. (2020). Impacto climático reducido de sistemas ganaderos extensivos: claves de los niveles de referencia (Reduced climatic impact in extensive livestock systems: keys from baselines). In: Bustamante Muñoz, M.A.; Sáez Tovar, J.; Pérez Murcia, M.D.; Moral Herrero, R. VIII Remedia Workshop: Economía circular como catalizador de la sostenibilidadmedioambiental del sector primario español. 22nd-23rd Sept, Elche, Spain. pp: 61-64 (full paper here, keynote lecture here). ISBN 978-84-09-20058-0

9.- Manzano, P.; Slootweg, S. (2017). Demography, social services and conflict: keys for the future of African pastoralist systems. In: Camara, A.D.; Taugourdeau, S. Pastoralism in the current of global changes: stakes, challenges and prospects. 20th-24th November, Dakar, Senegal, pp: 215-216. (full paper here)

8.- Manzano, P. & White, S.R. (2016) Correct accounting of alternative scenarios shows that livestock fed only on pasture does not deviate from natural baseline GHG emissions. In: 6th Multi-Stakeholder Meeting of FAO’s Global Agenda for Sustainable Livestock. 20th- 23rd June, Panama (presentation here).

7.- Abdillahi, A.; Kisoyan, P.; de Leeuw, J.; Said, M.Y.; Notenbaert, A.; Gitau, J.; Malicha Roba, G.; Manzano, P.; Omondi, S.; Waithaka, M.; Kyotalimye, M. (2013) Drylands development, pastoralism and biodiversity conservation in Eastern Africa. 22nd ASARECA General Assembly. Bujumbura (Burundi) (presentation here).

6.- Manzano, P. (2013) Sustainable livestock production - The role of sustainable pastoralism. Parallel session event. In: 3rd Multistakeholder Meeting, Global Agenda for Sustainable Livestock, 22nd-24th January, Nairobi, Kenya (presentation here).

5.- Manzano, P. (2012) Aichi biodiversity targets in Drylands. Session: Playing a win-win game: What is the implication of drylands land restoration for meeting the Aichi Biodiversity Targets? Panel session 1 of the event at the Rio Pavillion Land Day 6: Land-Degradation Neutrality: A Response to the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity. In: UNCBD 11th Conference of the Parties, 8th-19th October, Hyderabad, India (presentation here).

4.- Manzano, P.; Ng’eny, N.; Davies, J. (2011) Changing mentalities towards pastoralism across scales: the World Initiative for Sustainable Pastoralism and other related initiatives. IX International Rangeland Congress. Rosario (Argentina). pp: 760-76 (full paper here).

3.- Manzano, P.; Seoane, J.; Malo, J.E. (2011) Spatial patterns of grazing by sheep Ovis aries and the significance of shepherds in a Mediterranean pasture. IX International Rangeland Congress. Rosario (Argentina). pp: 359 (full paper here).

2.- Casas Nogales, R.; Manzano Baena, P. (2010) Hagamos bien las cuentas. Eficiencia y servicios de la trashumancia en la Cañada Real Conquense (Let’s do proper accounting. Efficiency and services from transhumance at the Conquense Drove Road). II CongresoNacional de Vías Pecuarias. Oral communication. Cáceres, Spain. pp: 302-315 (full paper here).

1.- Manzano, P.; Ng'eny, N.; Davies, J. (2010) La Iniciativa Mundial por un Pastoralismo Sostenible (IMPS) y la importancia económica, social y ambiental de los pastores a nivel global (The World Initiative for Sustainable Pastoralism (WISP) and the economic, social and environmental importance of pastoralists at the global scale). II CongresoNacional de Vías Pecuarias. Oral communication. Cáceres, Spain. pp: 336-343 (full paper here).

Academic Theses (2)

2.- Manzano, P. (2015) Transporte de semillas por las ovejas trashumantes, y sus potenciales implicaciones en la vegetación (Seed transport by transhumant sheep and its potential implications for vegetation). PhD thesis, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (available here). Featured at Revista Pastos 45(1): 59-62 (June 2015) - pdf (available here).

1.- Manzano, P. (2004) Aproximación experimental a la dispersión epizoócora a larga distancia por ovejas transhumantes (Experimental approach to epizoochorous long distance dispersal by transhumant sheep). MSc thesis, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (available here).


Non Peer-reviewed (91)

Technical reports (21)

21.- Del Prado, A.; Manzano, P. (2020). La ganadería y su contribución al cambio climático (Animal husbandry and its contribution to climate change). Friends of the Earth Spain & BC3, Madrid. Press release available here, PDF available here. Press coverage at Cadena Ser, at Europa Press, at Zamora 24 horas, at Tercera Información and at Interempresas.

20.- Alibés, J.; García, J.; Herrera, P.M.; Llorente, M.; Majadas, J.; Manzano, P.; Moreno, G.; Navarro, A.; Orodea, M.; Oteros, E.; Ottolini, I.; Rivera, M.; Rodríguez-Estévez, V.; Roig, S.; Salguero, C.; Sánchez, P.; Sanz, S.; Turiño, M. (2020). Extensive livestock farming and climate change: an in-depth approach. Pedro M. Herrera (ed). Fundación Entretantos & Plataforma por la Ganadería Extensiva y el Pastoralismo. ISBN 978-84-09-20041-2. PDF available here.

19.- Manzano, P. (2019) A brief view over the EU policy impacts on non EU Mediterranean countries’ nature and culture: some examples. Mediterranean Consortium for Nature and Culture.

18.- Manzano, P. (2019) Tools for change: theory and practice coming together at the Global Agenda for Sustainable Livestock. FAO, Rome.

17.- Manzano, P.; Yamat, L.E. (2018) Livestock sector in the Ngorongoro District: analysis, shortcomings and options for improvement. Ngorongoro District Council and GIZ, Wasso & Dar es Salaam (full version here).

16.- Manzano, P. (2018) Traditional pastoralist governance and the national devolution process in Kenya: challenges and opportunities for action. A scoping review for Saferworld. Edited by Bennett, W. Saferworld, London. pdf available here, outcome publication by W. Bennett available here.

15.- Manzano, P. (2018) Land Portal Discussion Report “Making Rangelands More Secure”, January 29th to February 14th, 2018. Land Portal Foundation, Groningen. Discussion report available in English (also available at the knowledge repository of CGIAR), Spanish, French and Russian.

14.- Manzano-Baena, P.; Salguero-Herrera, C. (2018) Mobile Pastoralism in the Mediterranean: Arguments and evidence for policy reform and to combat climate change. Mediterranean Consortium for Nature and Culture (edited by Liza Zogib). Download English version, Spanish version, French version, Turkish version. Featured at ILRI's website, press department of madri+d, Agroinformación and ECOticias.com.

13.- Manzano, P. (2017) Pastoralism as a key tool for plant conservation: Creating conditions for adequate practice. Workshop report, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey, 9th -12th October 2017. IUCN Med, Malaga. Full version here.

12.- Manzano Baena, P. Nugteren, H. (2017) Regional Consultation with Pastoralist and Livestock breeder’s civil society organizations - Towards better policies in support of pastoralism (VSF-IFAD project). Final report of the external final evaluation. MBamtal Ltd., Ouagadougou.

11.- Manzano, P. (2017) Nexus between Smallholder farmers and livestock keepers and forcibly displaced people in East and Central Africa. Good practice note. The World Bank, Nairobi.

10.- De Camillis, C.; Agarwal, M.; Manzano, P.; Uwizeye, A. (2015). Developing Sound Tools for Transition to Sustainable Food and Agriculture - Methodological notes. Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance (LEAP) Partnership. FAO, Rome, Italy. Download.

9.- Manzano, P. (ed.) (2014) Community Based Adaptation to climate change strengthens pastoralists’ resilience. Special Issue. JotoAfrika 14, July 2014. ISSN 2075-5562. Download English version, download French version.

8.- Davies, J.M.; Manzano, P.; Onyango, V.; Gudka, M. (2012) 3. Biodiversity of dry and sub-humid lands (Agenda item 13.1). In: IUCN’s Position on selected issues on the Agenda. Eleventh Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, Hyderabad, India, 8-19 October, 2012. Position paper, pp. 5-7. Download

7.- Gudka, M.; Manzano, P. (2012) Securing rights and restoring land: midterm evaluation Botswana. Download.

6.- Manzano Baena, P. (2012) Chapters 2 (Dimensión internacional de la trashumanciaInternational dimensión of transhumance) and 8 (Servicios ambientales y culturales de la trashumancia: los servicios ecosistémicosEnvironmental and cultural services of transhumance: the ecosystem services). In: AA.VV. (2012) La Trashumancia en España. Libro Blanco (Transhumance in Spain. White Book). Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente (Spanish Ministry of Environment). Full book downloadable here

5.- Aboud, A.A.; Kisoyan, P.K.; Said, M.Y.; Notenbaert, A.; de Leeuw, J.; Gitau, J.W.; Manzano, P.; Davies, J.M.; Roba, G.M.; Omondi, S.O.; Odhiambo, M.O. (2012) Natural Resource Management and Biodiversity Conservation in the Drylands of Eastern and Central Africa. ASARECA, Entebbe. viii + 91pp. Download

Derived from this publication are the following briefs:

  • Aboud, A.A.; Kisoyan, P.K.; Said, M.Y.; de Leeuw, J.; Notenbaert, A.; Davies, J.M.; Manzano, P.; Omondi, S.O.; Waithaka, M. (2012) Drylands Development, Pastoralism and Biodiversity Conservation in Eastern Africa. In: Gitau, J.W. (series ed.), ABCD series Policy brief no. 1. Asareca, Entebbe. Available at ILRI's, ASARECA's and IUCN's websites.

  • Aboud, A.A.; Kisoyan, P.K.; Said, M.Y.; de Leeuw, J.; Notenbaert, A.; Davies, J.M.; Manzano, P.; Omondi, S.O.; Waithaka, M. (2012) Payment for wildlife conservation in the Maasai Mara Ecosystem. In: Gitau, J.W. (series ed.), ABCD series Policy brief no. 2. Asareca, Entebbe. Available at ILRI's, ASARECA's and IUCN's websites.

4.- Manzano Baena, P. (2009) Potential of Pramenka wool. BVCF-AECID, Mostar, Bosnia-Herzegovina. 10 p. Download Spanish version, download English version .

3.- Manzano Baena, P.; Velagić Habul, E.; Čaušević, Z. & Hadžiabdić, S. (2009) Pastoralism: An opportunity for eco-development in Bosnia and Herzegovina. BVCF-AECID, Mostar, Bosnia-Herzegovina. 58 p. Download English version, download Štokavian version.

2.- Ruiz Yebra, C.; Torralba Baraja, V.; Manzano Baena, P. Murciano Quejido, E.; Martín Jiménez, O.; Reguera San José, A.I.; Rosa del Castillo, P.; Gallego Piñero, R.; de Andrés Caramés, Á. (2007) Estudio sobre la oferta de turismo de embalses en Extremadura (Study on the tourism offer at dams in Extremadura). Ecotono S.L. - D.G. Turismo, Junta de Extremadura. 343 pp.

1.- Casas Nogales, R. & Manzano Baena, P. (2007) Valoración económica del pastoralismo en España (Economic valuation of pastoralism in Spain). WISP-IUCN document. 40 pp. Download. Press feature by IUCN available here.

Other journals (24)

24.- Ottolini, I.; Manzano, P. (2020). Mediar entre humanos para conservar a los lobos (Mediating between humans to conserve wolves). The Conversation edición en español, 3rd February 2021 (full html here). Reproduced at Público, Cambio16, Castilla-La Mancha Media, Contrainformación, EcoAvant, Revista Jara y Sedal and Spanish Revolution.

23.- Manzano, P.; (2020) Control veterinario, pastoreo móvil y sostenibilidad (Veterinary control, mobile pastoralism and sustainability). Revista Albéitar 240 (November 2020), 18-20. ISSN 1699-7883 (pdf version available here, html abridged version here). Translation into Portuguese published as Controlo médico‐veterinário, pastoreio móvel e sustentabilidade at Revista Albéitar N1/2021 (February 2021), 32-34. ISSN 1646-1177 (pdf version available here).

22.- Manzano Baena, P.; Cortada González, L.; Arnal Canudo, M.; Serrano Avilés, J. (2020) Desigualdad científica, y no colonialismo (Scientific inequality, and not colonialism). Op-ed at eldiario.es, 20th August 2020. (full version here).

21.- Azcárate, F.M.; Hevia, V.; Manzano, P. (2020) Vías pecuarias: restaurar sin forestar (Drove roads: restoring without reforesting). Ecologista 105 (autumn 2020), 36-39 (pdf version here, html version here).

20.- Manzano Baena, P. (2020) El milagro keniano (The Kenyan miracle). Op-ed at Planeta Futuro, El País (Spain), digital edition, 20th January 2020. (full version here).

19.- Manzano-Baena, P., Salguero-Herrera, C. (2019) Implementación de políticas en el Mediterráneo para la trashumancia y el pastoreo. (Policy implementation in the Mediterranean for transhumance and pastoralism). Revista AE, issue 38, (Winter 2019), pp. 48-49. ISSN 2172-3117

18.- Manzano, P. (2019) Niveles de referencia en sistemas ganaderos (Baseline levels in livestock systems). Navarra Agraria issue 237, November-December 2019, pp. 32-36. ISSN 0214-6401 (pdf downloadable here).

17.- Manzano, P. (2019) ¿Es posible alimentar al mundo solo con ganado de pastoreo? (Is it possible to feed the world just through pastoralist livestock?). The Conversation edición en español, 20th August 2019 (full html here). Reproduced at Nueva Tribuna, eldiario.es, Público, elplural.com, The Objective, Contrainformación, TICbeat and Hostelería en Valencia. Translated to Catalan by Pascuum. Featured at Revue Sesame at INRA.

16.- Manzano Baena, P. (2019) Filantropía de fortunas privadas: críticas y oportunidades (Private fortune's philantropy: criticisms and opportunities). Op-ed at Planeta Futuro, El País (Spain), digital edition, 14th August 2019 (full version here).

15.- Manzano, P., García Fernandez, A., Peco Vázquez, B., Azcárate, F.M., Seoane Pinilla, J., Iriondo Alegría, J.M. (2019) Así se ha convertido la trashumancia en una pieza fundamental de los ecosistemas (It is this way that transhumance has turn into a fundamental piece of ecosystems). The Conversation edición en español, 15th July 2019. ISSN 2431-2134 (full html here). Reproduced at elplural.com, TICbeat, La Revista (Costa Rica) and El Rework (Chile).

14.- Manzano, P. (2019) Ganadería extensiva, una opción sostenible también para el clima (Extensive livestock keeping, a sustainable option also for the climate). Ecologista 99 (spring 2019), 10-13 (pdf version here, html version here). Reproduced at Rebelion.org.

13.- Manzano Baena, P. (2019) No culpen al pastoreo del cambio climático (Don't blame pastoralism for climate change). Op-ed at Planeta Futuro, El País (Spain), digital edition, 22nd February 2019. (full version here). Reproduced at Revista Nuevo Siglo

12.- Manzano Baena, P. (2018) Ropa agroecológica para proteger el mar (Agroecological clothing to protect the seas). Op-ed at eldiario.es, 19th December 2018. (full version here).

11.- Manzano, P. (2018) La ropa de montaña contamina el mar (Hiking clothing pollutes the seas). Ecologista 97 (fall 2018), 24-26 (pdf version here, html version here).

10.- Manzano, P. (2018) Misconception about Climate Change and its relationship to Pastoralism. ABN News nr. 8, January-March 2018 (Nekesa Samukoya K., ed.), pp. 7-8. African Biodiversity Network (full version here).

9.- Manzano Baena, P. (2018) El arroz dorado ataca de nuevo (o cómo matar moscas a cañonazos) (The golden rice hits back (or a sledgehammer to crack a nut)). Op-ed at eldiario.es, 8th February 2018. ISSN 1137-0734 (full version here).

8.- Manzano Baena, P. (2016) Dejar de comprar comida ecológica es perjudicial para el planeta y para las personas (To stop buying organic food is damaging to the planet and to people). Op-ed at El Confidencial, 24th December 2016. ISSN 1137-1102 (full version here).

7.- Manzano Baena, P. (2016) Transgénicos: el debate no era ese (GMOs: the right debate was not that one). Op-ed at El País (Spain), digital edition, 22nd July 2016. ISSN 0213-4608 (full version here). English translation by Guerrilla Translation: GMOs: what we got wrong.

6.- Manzano, P. (2016) Razas ganaderas autóctonas de Madrid. Una poderosa herramienta para la gestión del medio ambiente (Indigenous livestock breeds in Madrid. A powerful tool for environmental management). Madrid Ecologista 33, 3-4. ISSN 1696-3849 (full version here). Erratum: Reference 7 is not linked in the original. First picture's author is Javier Colmenarejo.

5.- Manzano, P. (2011) Policy-science Interface: Is an understanding possible? Zwazo 24, 33. (full version here)

4.- Manzano, P. (2011) Descubriendo el mundo del pastoreo con Pablo Manzano (Discovering the pastoralist world with Pablo Manzano). Boletín de la Embajada de España en Nairobi 7, 9-10 (full version here).

3.- Manzano, P. (2006) Trashumancia y vías pecuarias (Traditional Spanish nomadic livestock management and historical Spanish livestock paths). Ecologista 48, 38-39 (pdf version here, html version here).

2.- Ezzine, D. & Manzano, P. (2005) Barreras naturales contra los ‘tsunamis’ (Natural barriers against tsunamis). Diagonal 5, 14-15 (full version here).

1.- Manzano, P. & Martos, S. (2004) Verdades y mentiras sobre la reforestación (Truths and lies about reforestation). Ecologista 39, 36-37. ISSN 1575-2712 (pdf version here, html version here).

Press releases (7)

8.- Pai­men­to­lai­suus ja lai­dun­nus ovat kes­kei­nen osa kes­tä­vää tu­le­vai­suut­ta (published English version: Pastoralism is an integral part of a sustainable future; May 2021)

7.- El uso de vías pecuarias por el ganado deja una huella genética en las plantas (The use of drove roads by livestock creates a genetic footprinti in plants; July 2019)

6.- Enhancing food security in pastoral areas through pastoralism and mobility (October 2013)

5.- Food crisis in the Sahel in 2012: a Somali deja-vu? (April 2012)

4.- Missing the point in the Horn: Pastoralism is the answer, not the question (August 2011)

3.- Defying drought: nomads have the answer (August 2011). Featured at Earth Times.

2.- Hormigas, semillas... y la ceguera de los ecólogos para las cosas pequeñas (Ants, seeds... and ecologists' blindness for small stuff; March 2011)

1.- Women’s voices in pastoralist choices (October 2010)

Blog entries (4)

4.- Manzano, P. (2021) Climate-friendly meat: A nuanced approach to climate-savvy beef consumption. Voices for Sustainablity - popular science blog of the Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science at University of Helsinki, Finland,

3.- Manzano, P. (2019) Niveles de referencia en sistemas ganaderos: claves para identificar impactos (Baseline levels in livestock systems: keys to identify impacts). Blog de la RED REMEDIA. Red cientifica sobre mitigación de GEI en el sector agroforestal (Red Remedia's Blog, scientific network on GHG mitication in the agroforestry sector), Spain.

2.- Manzano, P. (2012) Protected areas, wetlands and drylands – UN biodiversity summit Day 3. UNCBD CoP 11, Hyderabad, India.

1.- Manzano, P. (2011) Pushing hard for land rights. UNCCD CoP 10, Changwon, Korea.

Video production (4)

4.- -Uploading, editing and subtitling of all videos at the Youtube channel of Pastoraméricas (2020- )

3.- Youtube animated video: The role of ruminants on climate change mitigation. “The good and the bad”, scripted by Agustín del Prado and Pablo Manzano, produced by Yelena Grigorenko. (5th December 2019). Translated versions available in Spanish, Basque, Catalan, Italian.

2.- -Uploading, editing and subtitling of all videos at the Youtube channel of the Réseau des Peuples Pasteurs du Sahel (2017- )

1.- Subtitle edition and addition for the video Ethno house Guvnista opened on Kamena Gora Mnt (7th July 2009).

Other media (31)

31.- Presentation: The Global Integrative Pastoralist Program. In: Digital event: Mapping for pastoralists (full recording available on youtube), P. Manzano's presentation from from 49'22'' to 1h01'36''.

30.- Interview at Climática (Spain's main climate-centered magazine), 5th April 2021 (web article available here)

29.- Interview on a much needed mediated approach to conserve wolf populations in Spain at Onda Cero (Spain's third largest broadcaster) in the radio program "Más de uno" in its edition of 2nd April 2021 (from 3h23'14'' to 3h35'53'' - web article and podcast in Spanish with the interview's cut available here)

28.- Interview: Lecciones desde África para conservar el lobo (Lessons from Africa to conserve wolves) at Actualidad y Empleo Ambiental #89, in Podcastidae (2nd March 2021).

27.- Digital event: La ganadería y su contribución al cambio climático #MenoscarneMejorcarne (Livestock and its contribution to climate change #LessmeatBettermeat) (recording available on youtube and facebook). In: Mes de acción por un sistema alimentario más justo para las personas y el planeta (Action month for a food system that is more just for people and the planet). Friends of Earth Spain (16th October 2020)

26.- Cited in Agustin del Prado's presentation at the event of Cooperativas Agroalimentarias España on the environmental role of pastoralism (21st Jul 2020).

25.- Recorded conference: Una mirada global a la trashumancia (A global overview on transhumance). In: Inti Raymi 2020 Online, Webinar Agricultura – Ganadería – Medicina Ancestral . Fundación Lickanantay & Consejo de Mujeres Lickanantay (20th June 2020)

24.- Cited in Agustin del Prado's presentation at Friends of Earth Spain's event on meat production and consumption (19th May 2020).

23.- Recorded conference. Debate online: La ganadería extensiva ante el cambio climático (Online debate: extensive livestock keeping vis-à-vis climate change). Spanish Association for Organic Agriculture (8th April 2020).

22.- Participation at a special COP25 edition of "Tu Tiempo", (7th December 2019) at Antena3 (one of the main Spanish broadcasters).

21.- Press coverage at the COP25 side event "The role of ruminant livestock in climate change mitigation", (5th December 2019) at La Vanguardia, COPE, La Razón, La Gaceta, LibreMercado, La Voz de Galicia, El Punt Avui, BioEco Actual.

20.- Press coverage at the COP25 side event "Challenges and oppportunities for extensive livestock and pastoralism against climate change", (4th December 2019) at La Voz de Asturias, La Voz de Galicia.

19.- Press coverage at the COP25 side event "Industrial livestock and climate change", (4th December 2019) at Spain's News (in English), El País, La Vanguardia, RTVE (Spanish National Broadcaster), Faro de Vigo, La Nueva España, La Provincia, La Opinión, COPE, Noticias de Gipuzkoa, Deia, Madrid Actual, Ferias, Mercados y Mataderos, Contrainformación.es, AgroBank, & ARA.

18.- Cited in Agustin del Prado's presentation at Gure Lurra 3 event on livestock's climatic impacts (28th November 2019).

17.- Presentation at INTIA event on extensive livestock keeping, talking about using baseline levels at measuring livestock's climatic impacts (26th September 2019).

16.- Interview on the positive outcomes of pastoralism at Onda Cero (Spain's third largest broadcaster) in the radio program "Más de uno" in its edition of 22nd August 2019 (from 4h35'40'' to 4h55'27'' - web article and podcast in Spanish with the interview's cut available here)

15.- Interview on the genetic consequences of transhumance on plant populations at Cadena Ser (Spain's largest broadcaster) in the radio program "Hoy por Hoy Cuenca" in its edition of 24th July 2019 (from 28'56'' to 38'15'' - web article and podcast in Spanish with the interview's cut available here)

14.- Interview on the genetic consequences of transhumance on plant populations at Onda Cero (Spain's third largest broadcaster) in the radio program "Aquí en la Onda" in its editon of 18th July 2019 (podcast in Spanish here, from 33'24 to 43'20'')

13.- Featured at UNEP News Stories talking about lack of livestock census data in Nigeria (9th April 2019).

12.- Interview on the Great Green Wall at RNE (the Spanish national broadcaster) in the radio program "Entre Paréntesis" (5th December 2017) (podcast in Spanish here)

11- Participation in a debate on GMOs at RNE (the Spanish national broadcaster) in the radio program "El Canto del Grillo", section "En voz alta" (17th November 2017) (podcast here).

10.- Featured in MaraşNews (Turkey): Manzano: "Bitki çeşitliliği dondurmanın kalitesini artırır" (Manzano: "Plant diversity improves the quality of ice cream") (11th October 2017).

9.- Featured in El País (Spain) talking about paradigm change on pastoralism (14th August 2017).

8.- Interview as LEAP 2017 Chair, talking about Pro & Con Livestock Arguments From a Research Perspective (11th July 2017).

7.- Podcast (EN / ES / FR) and press release (EN / ES / FR) by FAO Media on the launch of the Pastoralist Knowledge Hub (27th April 2015).

6.- Interview as FAO representative at the 1er Carrefour international ovin et caprin en Aveyron (16th April 2015) with video available at DailyMotion.

5.- Interview with Livia Hernández (Manos Unidas) on food security side event at CFS 40 at Youtube - in Spanish (2013).

4.- Featured at Turkey's Yeşil Gazete (Green Journal) on an article on sustainable pastoralism (19th July 2013).

3.- Presentation to USAID Natural Resources Management group (2013).

2.- Posts by USAID Learning Lab and AgriLinks, and associated interview with Julie MacCartee at YouTube (2013).

1.- Posts by AgriLinks and associated interview with Moffatt Ngugi at YouTube (2013).


COLLABORATIONS IN PUBLICATIONS AND DOCUMENTARIES

· Sánchez-González, J.R. (2020). Hemi- and Homonyms in the Big Data Era. Diversity 12, 472. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/d12120472. Acknowledged - comments and English revision.

· Loy, A. (2019). Tropico del Caos. Rome: Rai. view video (only from Italy). Acknowledged - unspecified. Collaboration consisted in providing background on the conflict in the Sahel and interview in Italian that was finally not included in the documentary due to RAI policies on only including local experts.

· Ruiz Rizaldos, N. (2017). Sons of Enkai. Madrid: NaturaHD Films. tab at IMBD. Acknowledged - scientific advice. Contribution consisted in providing extensive background on the East African socio-political setting on conservation.

· Sonkin, F.; de Meo, P. (2017). Pastoralism under threat: human rights violations in the Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor of Tanzania. Rome: Terra Nuova, CELEP, Hands on the Land. view pdf, download pdf. Acknowledged - thorough comments on earlier drafts of this brief.

· Serrano-Villar, S.; Vázquez-Castellanos, J.F.; Vallejo, A.; Latorre, A.; Sainz, T; Ferrando-Martínez S; Rojo, D.; Martínez-Botas, J.; del Romero J.; Madrid, N.; Leal, M.; Mosele, J.I.; Motilva, M.J.; Barbas, C.; Ferrer, M.; Moya, A.; Moreno, S.; Gosalbes, M.J.; Estrada, V. (2017) The effects of prebiotics on microbial dysbiosis, butyrate production and immunity in HIV-infected subjects. Mucosal Immunology 10, 1279–1293. doi:10.1038/mi.2016.122. Acknowledged - helpful discussions on ecosystem dynamics.

· Davies, J.; Herrera, P.; Ruiz-Mirazo, J.; Mohamed-Katerere, J.; Hannam, I.; Nuesri, E. (2016). Improving governance of pastoral lands. Implementing the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security. Rome: FAO. pdf here. Acknowledged - [participated in a two-day workshop to] reflect on and review the first draft of the technical guide and to propose amendments for further work.

· McGahey, D.; Davies, J.; Hagelberg, N.; Ouedraogo, R. (2014). Pastoralism and the green economy – a natural nexus? Nairobi: IUCN and UNEP. pdf here. Acknowledged - invested significant time and effort in reviewing and commenting on drafts.

· Azcárate, F. M.; Peco, B. (2012) Abandonment of grazing in a mediterranean grassland area: consequences for ant assemblages. Insect Conservation and Diversity 5, 279-288. doi:10.1111/j.1752-4598.2011.00165.x. Acknowledged - manuscript suggestions.

· Dobarro, I.; Gazol, E.; Peco, B. (2012) Relative contribution of delaying senescence to growth compensation after defoliation. Ecological Research 27, 475-479. doi:10.1007/s11284-011-0901-9. Acknowledged - English language revision.

· Masello, J. F.; Quillfeldt, P. (2012) ¿Cómo reproducirse exitosamente en un ambiente cambiante? Biología reproductiva del loro barranquero (Cyanoliseus Patagonus) en el noreste de la Patagonia. Hornero 27, 73-88. html. Acknowledged - unspecified. Contribution consisted in field work assistance during the 2001-2002 field season.

· Cortada, L.; Mantelin, S.; Verdejo-Lucas, S.; Kaloshian, I. (2012) Marker analysis for detection of the Mi-1.2 resistance gene in tomato hybrid rootstocks and cultivars. Nematology 14, 631-642. doi:10.1163/156854112X624618. Acknowledged - critically reading the manuscript.

· Moreno-Ripoll, R.; Gabarra, R.; Symondson, W. O. C.; King, R. A.; Agustí, N. (2012) Trophic relationships between predators, whiteflies and their parasitoids in tomato greenhouses: a molecular approach. Bulletin of Entomological Research 102, 415-423. doi:10.1017/S0007485311000836. Acknowledged - statistical support.

· Cortada, L.; Sakai, H.; Verdejo-Lucas, S.; Mizukubo, T. (2011). Meloidogyne virulence locus molecular marker for characterization of selected Mi-virulent populations of Meloidogyne spp. is correlated with several genera of Betaproteobacteria. Phytopatology 101, 410-415. doi:10.1094/PHYTO-04-10-0123. Acknowledged - critical reading of the manuscript.

· Cortada, L.; Sorribas, F. J.; Ornat, C.; Andrés, M. F.; Verdejo-Lucas, S. (2010). Patrones de tomate resistentes a Meloidogyne: Variabilidad de la respuesta de resistencia en función de la población del nematodo. Horticultura global 288, 40-45. html. Acknowledged - graphics support.

· Domínguez, P.; Zorondo-Rodríguez, F.; Reyes-García, V. (2010) Relationships Between Religious Beliefs and Mountain Pasture Uses: A Case Study in the High Atlas Mountains of Marrakech, Morocco. Human Ecology 38, 351–362. doi:10.1007/s10745-010-9321-7. Acknowledged - kindness in reading text and suggesting improvements.

· Kurokawa, H.; Peltzer, D. A.; Wardle, D. A. (2009) Plant traits, leaf palatability and litter decomposability for co‐occurring woody species differing in invasion status and nitrogen fixation ability. Funct Ecol 24, 513–523. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2435.2009.01676.x. Acknowledged - advising and helping to collect leaf samples.

· Cortada, L.; Sorribas, F. J.; Ornat, C.; Andrés, M. F.; Verdejo-Lucas, S. (2009) Response of tomato rootstocks carrying the Mi-resistance gene to populations of Meloidogyne arenaria, M.incognita and M. javanica. Eur J Plant Pathol 124, 337–343. doi:10.1007/s10658-008-9413-z. Acknowledged - graphics support.

· Martos, S.; Andolfi, A.; Luque, L.; Mugnai, L.; Surico, G.; Evidente, A. (2008) Production of phytotoxic metabolites by five species of Botryosphaeriaceae causing decline on grapevines, with special interest in the species Neofusicoccum luteum and N. parvum. Eur J Plant Pathol 121, 451-461. doi:10.1007/s10658-007-9263-0. Acknowledged - valuable comments. Contribution consisted in suggestions on the manuscript writing, as well as English language revision.

· Blank, S. M.; Kutzscher, S.; Masello, J. F.; Pilgrim, R. L. C.; Quillfeldt, P. (2007) Stick-tight fleas in the nostrils and below the tongue: evolution of an extraordinary infestation site in Hectopsylla (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 149 , 117–137. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2006.00239.x. Acknowledged - assistance in field work (2001-2002 field season).

· Masello, J. F.; Choconi, R. G.; Sehgal, R. N. M.; Tell, L.; Quillfeldt, P. Blood and intestinal parasites in wild Psittaciformes: a case study of burrowing parrots (Cyanoliseus patagonus). Ornitologia neotropical 17, 515-529. pdf. Acknowledged - help in the field work (2001-2002 field season).

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· Carmona, C. P.; Azcárate, F. M.; Oteros-Rozas, E.; González, J. A.; Peco, B. (2013) Assessing the effects of seasonal grazing on holm oak regeneration: Implications for the conservation of Mediterranean dehesas. Biological Conservation 159, 240–247. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2012.11.015 (pre-print version here, Sci-Hub full version here). Unacknowledged. Contribution consisted in development of original idea, project fundraising and overall experimental design. Other unacknowledged contributors are Raquel Casas Nogales (help to P.M. at the mentioned tasks + site selection & facilitation of contacts with livestock keepers) and Jesús Garzón Heydt (original idea).

· Martínez, J. J.; de Aranzamendi, M. C.; Masello, J. F.; Bucher, E. H. (2013) Genetic evidence of extra-pair paternity and intraspecific brood parasitism in the monk parakeet. Frontiers in Zoology 10, 68. doi:10.1186/1742-9994-10-68 (full version here). Acknowledged - valuable assistance during field work. Contribution consisted in contributing to the study design, organizing and performing along with E.H. Bucher the field logistics and performing data sampling, material storage and transport to the lab. These tasks were shared with Anja Quellmalz, who performed these tasks in the frame of her BSc thesis, and who performed a first (albeit unsuccesful) round of laboratory analyses.

· Masello, J. F.; Pagnossin, M. L.; Sommer, C.; Quillfeldt, P. (2006) Population size, provisioning frequency, flock size and foraging range at the largest known colony of Psittaciformes: the Burrowing Parrots of the north-eastern Patagonian coastal cliffs. Emu 106, 69–79. doi:10.1071/MU04047 (full version here). Acknowledged - help in the fieldwork (2001-2002 field season). Contribution consisted in preparatory field visits to assess the experimental subjects and the different options for the field work (exclusively P.M.), overall initial idea on tracking the provisioning flights (exclusively P.M.), and experimental design, data gathering, data computerization (the latter exclusively P.M.) and initial data screening on the same - all refering to the 2001-2002 field season only.