In 1934, long time Irish bottler of Guinness Stout (and US importer of Guinness, Bass Ale and Perrier water), E. & J. Burke, Ltd., opened a brewery in Long Island City (Queens), NY.
They brewed their own Burke’s Beer, Ale and Stout and, as war in Europe loomed in the late '30's, Guinness and Burke began discussions about brewing Guinness in the Burke facility for the US market.
In 1943, Guinness bought the Burke brewery from the failing Burke and in June,1949 announced they were brewing Guinness Extra Stout for the US market. It was only the second brewery Guinness would run outside of Ireland. (The first being the long-lived UK Park Royal brewery in London which closed in 2005).
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available as a draught product.
Previously, since Repeal all Guinness in the US
had been bottled.
1948, US beer imports from Ireland (safely assumed to be mostly Guinness) totaled about 10,000 barrels. That would drop to only between
700-1700 barrels for the period the US Guinness brewery was open. Traditionally, when a beer is brewed in a second country, the original version is no longer imported. This supposedly was not the case with Guinness. The US-brewed "Extra Stout" was marketed alongside the Irish-brewed "Foreign Extra Stout".
(See 1951 label of FES, bottled in Liverpool by Guinness Exports Ltd., imported by Trenton Beverage Co. of Trenton, NJ below).
The Long Island City brewery had a reported capacity of 100,000 barrels, although total Guinness sales never reached close to that point. 1951 sales of Guinness amounted to only 15,000 barrels.
The Long Island City brewery closed in 1954.