Papers Presented


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"In Defense of an Intentional Analysis of Meaning," Fall, 1976 meeting of the New York State Philosophical Association (Creighton Club).

"What Is Foundationalism?," University of Pittsburgh, January, 1979; UCLA, January, 1979; University of Michigan, February, 1979; University of Vermont, March, 1979.

"Reference and Epistemic Access," Franklin and Marshall College, February, 1979; Georgetown University, March, 1979.

"Beyond Foundationalism and the Coherence Theory," University of Delaware, January, 1980; 1980 meeting of the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association; symposium paper. 

"Foundationalism, Externalism and Doxastic Voluntarism," 1982 meeting of the Western Division of the American Philosophical Association; reply to a paper by John Heil.

"Justified Belief and Free Choice," SUNY at Buffalo, November, 1982.

"Knowledge and Luck," 1983 meeting of the Western Division of the American Philosophical Association; reply to a paper by George Bailey.

"Do We Reason the Way We Ought To?," Middlebury College, November, 1984.

"Beliefs and Belief Ascription," 1984 meeting of the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association; reply to a paper by J. Christopher Maloney.

"The Internal Perspective," Syracuse University, February, 1985.

"Naturalizing Rationality," SUNY at Buffalo Conference on Rationality and Naturalism, March, 1985.

"Rationality and Truth," SUNY at Buffalo Conference on Rationality and Naturalism, March, 1985; reply to a paper by Mark Kaplan.

"Do We Reason the Way We Ought To?," Rice University, December, 1985.

"Reference and Causal Connection," 1986 meeting of the Western Division of the American Philosophical Association; reply to a paper by Michael Losonsky.

"Virtues Without Content," meeting of the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association, December 1986; reply to a paper by James Montmarquet.

"Introspection and Misdirection," Northern Illinois University, March, 1987.

"Comments," meeting of the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association, December 1988; reply to a paper by Stephen Hetherington.

"The Laws of Thought," Cincinnati Colloquium on Human Reasoning, February, 1989.

"The Insignificance of Philosophical Skepticism," Davidson College, March, 1989.

"The Naturalistic Project in Epistemology: A Progress Report," meeting of the Pacific Division of the American Philosophical Association, March, 1990; invited symposium paper.

"Epistemic Normativity," Concordia University, November, 1990; SUNY at Albany, February, 1991.

"Why We Should Care About the Truth," meeting of the Western Division of the American Philosophical Association, April, 1991.

"How Is Knowledge Possible?," Saint Michael's College, January, 1992.

"Why a Causal Theory of Content Won't Defeat Skepticism," Dartmouth College, July, 1992; reply to a paper by Robert Fogelin.

"In Defense of Deductive Inference," the Oberlin Colloquium, April, 1993; reply to a paper by William Lycan.

"Naturalism: Both Metaphysical and Epistemological," Carleton University, October, 1993.

"What Is It Like To Be Me?," University of Ottawa, October, 1993.

"Mental Powers in the Physical World," meeting of the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association, December, 1993; reply to a paper by Jaegwon Kim.

"The Epistemology of Science and the Epistemology of Everyday Life," Rutgers/Princeton Conference on Epistemology and Philosophy of Science, April, 1994.

"Naturalistic Epistemology and Feminism," the Chapel Hill Colloquium, October, 1994; reply to a paper by Lorraine Code.

"Naturalistic Epistemology and Its Critics," meeting of the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association, December, 1994, invited symposium paper; Brigham Young University, January, 1995.

"What Is It Like To Be Me?," University of Connecticut, November, 1995.

"The Role of Intuition in Philosophical Inquiry," Notre Dame Conference: Rethinking Intuition,  April, 1996.

"Knowledge as Natural Phenomenon," Buffalo Conference: Can Epistemology Be Unified?, September, 1996.

"Seminar on Current Epistemology," Brigham Young University, January, 1997.

"Distrusting Reason," Rutgers University, February, 1997; University of Michigan, March, 1997; Austin and Hempel Lecture, Dalhousie University, September, 1997; Middlebury College, March, 1998; UVM/Dartmouth Conference, July, 1999.

"Knowledge in Humans and Other Animals," Dalhousie University, September, 1997; Tübingen Conference on Challenges to Traditional Epistemology, January, 1999.

"The Contextualist Evasion of Epistemology," comments on a paper by Ernest Sosa, SOFIA Conference, Oviedo, Spain, June, 1998. 

"Lectures on Naturalistic Epistemology," Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, August, 1998.

"The Impurity of Reason," meeting of the Pacific Division of the American Philosophical Association, Author Meets Critic session on Laurence BonJour's In Defense of Pure Reason, March, 1999.  

"Epistemic Obligation and the Possibility of Internalism," Conference on Virtue and Duty in Epistemology, Santa Barbara, November, 1999.

"The Social Practice of Giving and Asking for Reasons," University of California at Davis, March, 2000; University of Rochester, April, 2000; Utah State University, November, 2000; Rice University, September, 2001; University of Delaware, November, 2001; Washington University, St. Louis, January, 2002; Julia Jean Nelson Rudd Memorial Lecture, Indiana University, March, 2002; University of Massachusetts, Amherst, May, 2002.

"Roderick Chisholm and the Shaping of American Epistemology," meeting of the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association, December, 2000, invited symposium.

"The Social Character of Knowledge," comments on a paper by Philip Kitcher, Conference on the Philosophy of Alvin Goldman, University of Arizona, January, 2001.

"Three Lectures on Naturalistic Epistemology," University of Saskatchewan, March, 2001.

"Moral Reasons that Win Political Arguments: The Case of Civil Union in Vermont," meeting of the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association, December, 2001, invited panel discussion.

"Knowledge and its Place in Nature," Philosophy, Neuroscience and Psychology Program, Washington University, St. Louis, January, 2002; Oberlin College, February, 2003.

"Knowledge Needs No Justification," Tufts University, October, 2002;  Free University, Amsterdam, February, 2005.

"What Reflective Endorsement Can't Do," University of Arkansas, November, 2003; Canadian Society for Epistemology Summer Workshop on "Recent Work in Epistemology: Hilary Kornblith," Université de Sherbrooke, May, 2004; Johns Hopkins University, November, 2004; Mount Holyoke College, December, 2004; Free University, Amsterdam, February, 2005; Colby College, October, 2005; Rutgers Epistemology Conference, May, 2007.

"Replies to José Bermudez, Laurence BonJour and Michael Williams," Author Meets Critics session on Knowledge and its Place in Nature, Pacific Division of the American Philosophical Association, March, 2004.

"Appeals to Intuition and the Ambitions of Epistemology," Conference on Intuition, University of Fribourg, Switzerland, November, 2004; Free University Amsterdam, February, 2005; University of Bristol, England, May, 2005.

"Naturalism and Intuitions," Conference on Philosophical Knowledge: Its Possibility and Scope, University of Erfurt, Germany, September, 2005; Conference on Naturalized Epistemology and Philosophy of Science, Soochow University, Taipei, Taiwan, June, 2006.

"Epistemology and Cognitive Ethology," 9th Biannual Symposium on the Science of Behavior, Universidad de Guadalajara, Mexico, February, 2006.

"Philosophy, Intuitions and Conceptual Analysis," Hampshire College, April, 2006. 

"The Naturalistic Project in Epistemology: Where Do We Go from Here?," Conference on Naturalized Epistemology and Philosophy of Science, Soochow University, Taipei, Taiwan, June, 2006.

"Reflective Endorsement Demystified," University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, September, 2006.

"Belief in the Face of Controversy," Free University, Amsterdam, November, 2006; MIT, March, 2007; Universität zu Köln, Germany, August, 2007; US Military Academy at West Point, February, 2008; SUNY at Albany, April, 2008.

"The Metaphysical Status of Knowledge," Workshop on Metaphysics and Naturalism, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, June, 2007.

"Knowledge and its Place in Nature: Psychologism, Externalism, Intuitions," Summer School in Philosophy, Universität zu Köln, Germany, August, 2007.

"Disagreement, Naturalism and the Integrity of Philosophy," Kazimierz Naturalized Epistemology Workshop, Kazimierz Dolny, Poland, September, 2007; Conference on the Future of Naturalism, Center for Inquiry, Buffalo, September, 2007.

"Sosa in Perspective," Author Meets Critics session on Sosa's A Virtue Epistemology: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge, Pacific Division of the American Philosophical Association, March, 2008.

"Reasons, Naturalism and Transcendental Philosophy," Conference on Transcendental Philosophy and Naturalism, London, September, 2008; Brandeis University, October, 2009; Cornell University, April, 2010.

"Is There Room for Armchair Theorizing in Epistemology," Conference on Thought Experiments and the A Priori, Fortaleza, Brazil, August, 2009; Conference on "Philosophy without Intuitions?," Arché, St. Andrews, Scotland, October, 2009; University of Cincinnati, October, 2010.

"The Myth of Epistemic Agency," The Leonard Lecture, University of Nevada at Reno, November, 2009; Northwestern University, April, 2010; University of Washington, October, 2011; Brown University, March, 2012.

"Why Should We Care about the Concept of Knowledge?," Episteme Conference, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, June, 2010.

"Lectures on Naturalistic Epistemology," Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China, June, 2010.

"Is Philosophical Knowledge Possible?," Arché, St. Andrews, Scotland, November, 2010; International Wittgenstein Symposium, Kirchberg am Wechsel, Austria, August, 2011.

"Epistemic Agency," UNAM, Mexico City, January, 2011.

"Naturalistic Defenses of Intuition," Conference on Intuition and Evidence, Nancy, France, June, 2012; Conference on Philosophical Insights, London, June, 2012; Florida State University, October, 2012; Western Michigan University, December, 2012.

"Naturalism vs. the First-Person Perspective," Western Michigan University, December, 2012; Jowett Society, University of Oxford, January, 2013; MIT, March, 2013; Romanell Lecture, American Philosophical Association, March, 2013; College of the Holy Cross, September, 2013.

"The Role of Reasons in Epistemology," Fordham University, Ethics and Epistemology Workshop, October, 2013; Episteme Conference, San Josė, Costa Rica, January, 2014; University of Nebraska, Chambers Philosophy Conference, May, 2014.

"Comments on David Sosa," University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Epistemology Workshop, November, 2013.

TBA, University of Colorado, September, 2014.

"Reply to Boghossian and Smithies," Author Meets Critics Session on On Reflection, Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association, December, 2014.

"Comments on Ernest Sosa's New Book," Author Meets Critics Session on Sosa's Judgment and Agency, Pacific Division of the American Philosophical Association, April, 2015.