We evaluate the effect of an innovative active labor market policy (ALMP) implemented by the French Public Employment Service (PES) that targeted the vacancy costs of thousands of small and medium sized firms. We find that this policy increased labor demand among treatment firms on average: a 24% increase in vacancy postings with the PES and a 10% increase in permanent contract hires of registered jobseekers, a large proportion of which were still in employment after 12 months. The increase in firm labor demand is consistent with a drop in vacancy costs due to a shift in the prescreening and filtering burden of the recruitment process away from the firm to the PES counselor. These results suggest that ALMPs directed at firm recruiting costs may be a valuable addition to the labor policy toolkit, yet theory and simulations illustrate that care must be taken when targeting future interventions of this type due to equilibrium effects.
Press: Les Cahiers Louis Bachelier
Discrimination as a Self-Fulfilling Prophecy: Evidence from French Grocery Stores. (2017). The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 132(3), 1219-1260. Joint with Amanda Pallais and William Parienté
I was awarded the AFSE's Edmond Malinvaud Prize for this paper. This is an annual prize given to an economist under 40 in France with the "best" paper published in an ECONLIT journal in the preceding year.
Work in progress
Discrimination on online markets: Evidence from a field experiment (with G. Chapelle, P. Deschamps, M. Laouenan and X. Lambin)
We study the extent and type of ethnic and gender discrimination that exists on two of the most widely used "P2P" (person to person) online marketplaces in France: an online classified advertisements website and a ride sharing platform.
Increasing the Geographic Mobility of Job Seekers: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in France. (with Alexandra Roulet)
We explore the barriers to geographic mobility faced by job seekers and on ways to lift them. We provide evidence that female job seekers are much less geographically mobile (16% less), even when controlling for a rich set of demographic and job search characteristics. Through a randomized experiment on 100,000 French job seekers, we show that an information treatment about existing financial incentives offered by the French Public Employment Service for geographic mobility significantly increases both the take-up of these incentives and actual mobility, as measured by the distance between the job found and the initial residence. These effects are driven by people who already knew about these incentives prior to our intervention, suggesting that the treatment acted as a reminder. Additionally, the treatment effect on actual mobility is centered on women who are predicted to have less family constraints and who put more importance on their profession. These results suggest that women may face different job opportunity sets due to their search behavior and that simple information treatments may improve female mobility and potentially lead them to achieve better labor market outcomes.
Land Inequality and Land Degradation. (with I. Flores)
What happens to environmental outcomes when there is higher land inequality? Are more unequal areas more susceptible to extreme climate events?