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B o r d e r l a n d s    D i g e s t
(www.borderlandsdigest.com) - Editor Craig Rock

Exploring the border between chaos and cooperation:
Reading and Writing about Justice Issues
an independent monthly journal with a focus on
 the environment, immigration and criminal justice

December 2020  



November 25, 2020

Is President-Elect Biden Serious about Reforms? 
Attorney General Pick Will Tell 

by Craig Rock, Editor 

Is President-Elect Biden serious about his calls for reform? Does he support honest and transparent government? We will get a good idea of his mindset very soon when he appoints our new Attorney General. Will the new Attorney General be free to exercise their "independent judgement" in investigating and prosecuting federal crimes, as Biden promised during the election? Or will the new attorney be partisan in selecting the crimes to be prosecuted, and influenced by party politics and cronyism.

As a retired 8th grade social studies teacher, the path forward in reuniting a divided America is perhaps more obvious and straightforward than complicated and unattainable: a restoration of honesty and integrity.

This was something first introduced to children in elementary school, despite some despicable chapters in our history that promoted everything from graft to murder. This rebirth of ideas of establishing justice and promoting the general welfare can be brought back to life starting at the top with our President and our Attorney General.

Honest governance is something no longer witnessed by many citizens, who see the civil service system as expensive, corrupt, or inefficient on many levels. Too many in the business community take advantage of these weaknesses for their own financial benefit. This has been so aptly demonstrated by President Trump's four years in office and, before that, his business career.

Waffling in his response to demands that his administration prosecute Trump, the President-Elect insists that we have to move on with necessary reforms and enlist the aid of Trump supporters in building a better America.

The first reform, in my opinion, is to make sure that Trump's outrageous behavior in governing never happens again, whether it be by a Republican, Democrat, or Independent. Right now every Trump scam is a badge of honor in the eyes of his supporters, not the scarlet letter it should be. His way of thinking becomes more apparent everyday as we learn how he and his conspirators became more wealthy as they dismantled various government agencies charged with protecting the people of this country. He came close to another four years that could have destroyed every protection we have.  Fortunately he failed but now there are calls by some in both political parties to look the other way and not disrupt the system that served them so well in the past. What could a future president do if he/she inherited this carte blanche mentality, and for example, started a war with some evil empire, replaced key leaders in various agencies, enacted emergency powers, and created some kind of dictatorship? If he failed, would the president's power to pardon be employed, forcing us to look the other way once again? No person is above the law.
 
"Build Back Better"

This is why we need an Attorney General who will take their job seriously and recruit qualified people who will work for an honest America, free of past political machines often supported by some in big media and other industries.

Imagine citizens looking at government as a tool for a better community. A community that is free of graft whether it be in purchasing. renting, or maintaining a home or a car. A community that can ensure quality health care and enough food for all its citizens. These and other reforms can be promoted, in part, by good leaders who enforce federal, state, and local laws across the board, protecting all of our citizens.

Update on Possible Attorney General Pick

To read a New York Times article on the possible candidates for the Attorney General job, click here They include Sally Yates, deputy attorney general for President Obama; Lisa Monaco, former homeland security adviser under Obama; and Deval Patrick, former Massachusetts governor and head of the Justice Department's civil rights division under President Clinton. Also mentioned in the article is Xavier Becerra, attorney general of California.


Earth Justice Press Release, November 13, 2020

Trump Administration Invites Oil Industry
to Desecrate Sacred Arctic Refuge


Agency is ignoring impacts to people, climate, and wildlife, and relying on flawed science in its rushed, secretive process (Editor's Note, Click here to see contact list for registering your concern, Eco Links


WASHINGTON, D.C. —

Amid a global public-health crisis and with oil prices at extreme lows, the lame duck Trump administration is expected to issue a “request for nominations” as early as Monday, asking oil companies to identify their preferences on areas in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge’s coastal plain to lease for oil drilling. This is the latest move by the Trump administration in its rushed process to open one of the nation’s most iconic and sacred landscapes to oil drilling.

The case for protecting this sacred land is so clear that five of the six major U.S. banks — Goldman Sachs, JPMorgan Chase, Citigroup, Morgan Stanley, and Wells Fargo — are among the two dozen banks around the world that have announced they will not fund any new oil and gas development in the Arctic Refuge. And President-elect Biden has made permanent protection for the Arctic Refuge and other areas impacted by President Trump’s attack on federal lands and waters a Day One priority.
INDIGENOUS LEADERS ISSUED THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS:

“The oil and gas lease sales on the Arctic Refuge demonstrate the Trump administration’s complete disregard for the human rights of the Gwich’in & Inupiat people and our ways of life that depend on the health of the Refuge’s coastal plain,” said Jody Potts (Han Gwich’in), Native Movement regional director. “In the Arctic, our peoples are being heavily impacted by a climate crisis due to fossil fuel extraction, which we cannot afford to continue. The adverse impacts of oil development in these sacred and critical caribou calving grounds will be heavily felt by Gwich’in and Inupiat villages. As a Gwich’in person, I know my family’s food security, culture, spirituality and ways of life are at stake. Gwich’in people will not compromise and we will defend our way of life for future generations until this sacred land is permanently protected.”

“The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is sacred land that sustains not just the Gwich’in and Iñupiat Peoples but is one of the last untouched ecosystems in the world,” said the director of Sovereign Iñupiat for a Living Arctic (SILA), Siqiñiq Maupin. “The global consciousness is shifting into an equitable and just transition to a sustainable economy, yet the United States continues to ignore science and human rights. Indigenous Peoples have passed down stories for generations of the climate crisis we are currently facing. Without Indigenous leadership and values going forward we are left with empty promises, boom and bust economy, and endangering the health and safety for all. Iñupiat People value all life and the narrative of our Iñupiaq Nation supporting this type of project goes against all our principles, ways of life, and who we are. SILA stands in solidarity with the Gwich’in for protection of the Porcupine caribou birthing grounds.”

“This administration has consistently ignored our voices and dismissed our concerns. Our food security, our land and our way of life is on the verge of being destroyed. Handing up this very sacred area to oil companies is a violation of our human rights,” said Bernadette Demientieff, executive director of the Gwich’in Steering Committee. “Any company thinking about participating in this corrupt process should know that they will have to answer to the Gwich’in people and the millions of Americans who stand with us. We will continue to protect this place forever. This fight is far from over, and we will do whatever it takes to defend our sacred homelands.”

“The Trump administration opening up oil lease sales is devastating to our way of life and to our future,” said members of the Gwich’in Youth Council. “The Gwich’in people’s identity is connected to the land, water and animals. We have lost so much we can’t afford to lose more. Please stand with the Gwich’in Nation and help us prevent oil extraction in the calving grounds of the porcupine caribou herd, the sacred place where life begins.”
A COALITION OF INDIGENOUS, HUMAN RIGHTS AND ENVIRONMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS RESPONDED AS FOLLOWS:

“The Trump administration is barreling forward with a last-minute lease sale in America’s most iconic wilderness after sidestepping the environmental review process mandated by the National Environmental Policy Act. The Interior Department’s own documents show it has altered or disregarded scientific data on drilling’s impacts on imperiled wildlife, including threatened polar bears who den on the coastal plain; drastically overestimated potential leasing revenue; and failed to adequately consult with the Indigenous Peoples of the Gwichʼin Nation of Alaska and Canada who make their home along the migratory route of the Porcupine caribou herd and rely on the herd for their survival.

“The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) should not move forward with this rushed lease sale. This agency acknowledged that drilling would release massive amounts of carbon into the atmosphere, but asserted that, ‘there is not a climate crisis.’ BLM has compromised the integrity of its analysis and the hard-working career scientists and professionals who have dedicated themselves to protecting the coastal plain’s exceptional values. BLM should scrap this flawed review and start over. The agency needs to truly, thoroughly assess all the impacts from oil and gas activities before holding a lease sale.

“Political appointees in the Trump administration have flouted the law at the expense of a wondrous expanse of land that has sustained Indigenous Peoples for thousands of years and that the vast majority of Americans want to protect. Any company that is foolish enough to participate in this sham process must now know that we are fully committed to challenging these legally flawed actions in court. The will of the American people and the rule of law will prevail.”

EARTHJUSTICE DEPUTY MANAGING ATTO
RNEY ERIK GRAFE, IN THE ALASKA REGIONAL OFFICE, ISSUED THE FOLLOWING STATEMENT:

“This is the Trump administration’s midnight effort to sell off irreplaceable lands in the refuge before a new day dawns. We are already in court challenging the administration’s decision to open the whole coastal plain to leasing, and we’ll hold the line against this rushed attempt to implement the unlawful program. As the majority of Americans know, the Arctic Refuge is no place to drill.”

Members of the public are encouraged to stand with these communities in opposition to oil drilling in the Arctic Refuge. Learn more at: https://www.arcticrefugedefense.org/act/take-action

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Recent Interview with Naomi Klein in The Guardian July 13, 2020

Klein: 'We must not return to a pre-Covid status quo'

(Ms. Klein offers some ideas about how the Covid pandemic has created possibilities for a new and better way of living that involves climate justice, equality, and 'investing in people.'  Here are excerpts from the interview conducted by Katharine Viner. The full article can be read by clicking the Guardian website.

Klein on classrooms of the future

"So how are we going to live with this thing? Are we going to accept pre-Covid “normal”, only much diminished, without the relationships that sustain us? Are we going to allow our kids to have all of their learning mediated by technology? Or are we going to invest in people?

Instead of pouring all of our money into a Screen New Deal and trying to solve problems in a way that diminishes our quality of life, why do we not go on a teacher-hiring spree? Why do we not have twice as many teachers with half-the-size classrooms and figure out a way to do outdoor education?"

On effective multi-racial demonstrations

"But then there is a question that a lot of people are asking , which is what are all these non-black people doing at the protests? That is what is new, certainly at this scale. Many of these demonstrations are truly multiracial; black-led multi-racial demonstrations. Why is this time different?

I have a few ideas. One has to do with the softness that the pandemic has introduced into our culture. When you slow down, you can feel things; when you’re in that constant rat race, it doesn’t leave much time for empathy. From its very beginning, the virus has forced us to think about interdependencies and relationships. The first thing you are thinking about is: everything I touch, what has somebody else touched? The food I am eating, the package that was just delivered, the food on the shelves. These are connections that capitalism teaches us not to think about."

 A good time for a big change

"The only times that we can point to – and this is a hard truth – when our societies have moved fast and changed big and catalytically are moments of great depression or war. Yet we now know we can change quickly. We have seen it. We have dramatically changed our lives. And we found out that our governments have trillions of dollars that they could have marshalled this whole time.

All of that is potentially radicalising. I do feel we have a chance. I would not describe myself as optimistic, because this is a future we have to fight for. But if we just look at moments in history when we have won big changes, they are moments like this."


Guest Article

Clean Air and Covid-19

by Dr. Joanne Leovy 

Covid-19 presents many questions. Among the most vexing, why are some people asymptomatic or mildly ill while others develop severe disease? In the absence of a cure, can we predict who might require hospitalization, need ventilation or die? Can anything help to reduce the risk of severe illness in the absence of a highly effective treatment or vaccine? 

Epidemiologic analyses clearly show that Covid-19 more severely impacts older people, men, and those with obesity, heart disease and immune-compromising conditions. A combination of health and social factors likely increase the risk in communities of color. Another fascinating and potentially modifiable factor is exposure to air pollution. 

Air pollution causes myriad health problems. The strongest evidence implicates two pollutants emitted primarily from vehicle tailpipes and fossil fuel combustion, ground level ozone and fine particulates. These pollutants cause acute and chronic respiratory, cardiovascular, perinatal and neurologic problems. Ground level ozone and fine particulate pollution cause reversible lung function impairment, airway inflammation and leaky blood vessels. Long term ozone exposure is linked to an increased risk for ARDS, the form of lung failure common in Covid-19 patients. Because ozone forms in sunny and hot conditions, it is a major pollutant in Las Vegas and Reno in the summer. Particulates raise lung levels of IL-6 and other cytokines believed to be major drivers of the hyper-inflammatory response seen in seriously ill Covid-19 patients. A 12 year study of 60 million U.S. Medicare recipients demonstrated substantially increased mortality in people who lived in areas of either high ozone or high particulate pollution. A 2019 study estimated that Nevada has 97 excess deaths and nearly $900 million in health costs due to air pollution. 

What is the link to Covid-19 disease? At least two studies now show a tantalizing correlation between high levels of fine particulates and high levels of Covid-19. A preliminary Italian survey revealed that the highest concentration of fine particulates are in the same region of Northern Italy that had catastrophic numbers Covid-19 infections, raising an interesting hypothesis. An April 2020 study from Harvard shows a clear trend between cases per million residents and fine particulate pollution. Pollution-related pre-existing health conditions and acute inflammation could play a role in a higher Covid-19 burden. Other data suggests increased virus transmission areas with particulate pollution as some viruses can bind to fine particulates in the air and travel distances. 

Reducing pollution quickly improves health. Both short and long term studies show mortality reduction with modest measures to clean the air. Technologies available now including higher fuel efficiency and electric vehicles, non-fossil electricity and energy efficiency have the potential to save many lives. A 2019 study estimated that just electrifying factories and industrial facilities that burn coal or oil, and replacing residential wood stoves with electric heat would cut particulate pollution enough to cut the pollution-related death rate in half, and would save much more money in health costs than the cost of transition. A small bright light in the pandemic has been the clearer skies across many cities as people ceased much of their travel. A recent study in China estimated that 77,000 fewer people died during the mandatory shutdown due to reduced air pollution. Perhaps our Nevada experience of unusually clean skies in March and April will lend support to efforts to work for cleaner air. Clean air saves lives.

(Dr. Leovy is a family practice doctor in Las Vegas, Nevada) References for this article can be found in a Word document at the bottom of this page.

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Review of Op-Ed LA Times Editorial 12/2/20

Treat Immigrants Like People
A review by Craig Rock, Editor

If as a fair-minded person you believe that immigrants applying for asylum are treated unfairly, you should read the complete Op-Ed piece in the Los Angeles Times by Nicole Hallett (December 2nd). Hallett heads the Immigrant Rights Clinic at the University of Chicago Law School. 

Even with a Republican Senate, there is hope that a lot can be accomplished with President Biden use of executive orders, according to Hallett.  President-Elect Biden needs to address the more than 800,000  DACA residents that are still not U.S. citizens despite living here most of their lives. Other refugees waiting for a chance to be heard by U.S. immigration authorities are living in refugee camps in Mexico along the California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas borders. Refugee children have been taken from their parents and are lost in our immigration system.

Professor Hallett writes about these major issues along with other immigration policy issues that have not been covered much in the press but are important to the lives of refugees. Here are some major points from the article:

"The Biden Administration can end some of these policies with the stroke of a pen. For instance, it can stop threatening human trafficking victims with deportation if their applications for U and T visas for crime victims are denied. Similarly, policies requiring Immigration and Customs Enforcement to make “collateral arrests”— people ICE is not targeting but encounter during enforcement actions — and prohibiting ICE  discretion in deportation proceedings could also be changed immediately."  Other reforms can be initiated on the Cabinet level by the Attorney General and the Secretary of Homeland Security.

"What will be harder to repair is the department’s culture of lawlessness, which has grown worse in the Trump era on the other hand, has encouraged rule-breaking, and Homeland Security employees took full advantage of oversight and standards of conduct. The result is an agency that has repeatedly violated people’s rights in the name of immigration enforcement and then lies about it in court."

Professor Hallett stresses that these immigrant hurdles have existed during both Republican and Democratic administrations. For example, although many immigrants received protection during the Obama administration, more than 3 million people were deported to Mexico and other countries during his two terms.  And Congress under both parties had failed to pass an overall comprehensive plan to deal with these important issues.

"A Republican Senate will make it difficult to get an immigration reform bill through the (new) Congress, but Biden has other tools at his disposal. For example, there are millions of undocumented immigrants who would be eligible to apply for green cards except that they were not “admitted or paroled” into the country. Their only option now is to return home and endure a lengthy waiver process that can keep them separated from their family for years. Biden could use his parole power to “parole in place” these individuals so that they can apply for green cards without leaving the country."

Hallett also mentions alternatives for refugees besides waiting for their immigration hearings that often take over a year. These reforms include the use of ankle bracelets and better use of the immigration courts in checking Homeland Security's deportation power.

The only point I would challenge is Hallett's belief that "more Americans want increase in immigration rather than a decrease." I personally agree that the United States has an extensive wealth of resources to immediately assist refugees with a credible fear of returning to their country. But I think we have to adjust our own economy first by addressing unemployment and the disparity between the millionaires and the minimum wage earners who barely survive here in the United States.

Nicole Hallett is an associate clinical professor of law and director of the Immigrants’ Rights Clinic at the University of Chicago Law School



Published onSaturday, November 28, 2020
by
Republished under the Creative Commons License

The Revolving Door: Biden's National Security Nominees Want Back In After Cashing Out Of Government Service

Top Biden advisers Tony Blinken, Michele Flournoy, and Lloyd Austin face new scrutiny.

by
The incoming Biden administration is facing a major test of transparency and ethics after the New York Times reported Saturday that three former government officials tapped to run President-elect Joe Biden’s national security team have been stakeholders at a private equity firm which is promising investors big profits off government business because of its ties to those officials.

Pine Island Capital Partners lists former Under Secretary of Defense Michele Flournoy and retired General Lloyd Austin as a DC Partners in the firm, and lists former Deputy Secretary of State Tony Blinken as a DC Partner on leave of absence. Blinken, together with Flournoy, also founded WestExec Advisors, a "strategic advisory firm" that doesn't disclose its clients, after leaving the Obama administration and ahead of Biden's 2020 campaign. Good government advocates have raised questions about the structure of the organization, which—unlike lobbying shops—does not have to register with the government.

Flournoy and Austin are reportedly among the leading candidates being considered for secretary of defense, and Blinken is Biden’s designated nominee for secretary of state. Pine Island's chairman is John Thain, the former top executive at Merrill Lynch when the company paid out huge executive bonuses as it began to collapse during the financial crisis.

The New York Times reports:

...The consulting firm, WestExec Advisors, and the investment fund, Pine Island Capital Partners, call themselves strategic partners and have featured an overlapping roster of politically connected officials — including some of the most prominent names on President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr.’s team and others under consideration for high-ranking posts.

Now the Biden team’s links to these entities are presenting the incoming administration with its first test of transparency and ethics.

The two firms are examples of how former officials leverage their expertise, connections and access on behalf of corporations and other interests, without in some cases disclosing details about their work, including the names of the clients or what they are paid.

And when those officials cycle back into government positions, as Democrats affiliated with WestExec and Pine Island are now, they bring with them questions about whether they might favor or give special access to the companies they had worked with in the private sector. Those questions do not go away, ethics experts say, just because the officials cut their ties to their firms and clients, as the Biden transition team says its nominees will do.

WestExec’s founders include Antony J. Blinken, Mr. Biden’s choice to be his secretary of state, and Michèle A. Flournoy, one of the leading candidates to be his defense secretary. Among others to come out of WestExec are Avril Haines, Mr. Biden’s pick to be director of national intelligence; Christina Killingsworth, who is helping the president-elect organize his White House budget office; Ely Ratner, who is helping organize the Biden transition at the Pentagon; and Jennifer Psaki, an adviser on Mr. Biden’s transition team.

After the story in the TimesThe Daily Poster's David Sirota reported:

In Securities and Exchange Commission filings, Pine Island describes one of its investment vehicles as "a newly organized blank check company incorporated in Delaware" that will use its connections to top officials to take advantage of rising government expenditures on the national security agencies that Flournoy and Blinken could oversee. Pine Island's first filings about the investment vehicle were made in September—the same month Biden suggested that he will not push for significant reductions in Pentagon expenditures, which have reached record levels.

"This is so explicit that it's astonishing Pine Island even put it on paper," said David Segal of Demand Progress, a grassroots group pressing Biden to reject cabinet appointments tied to corporations. "This is not an example of people who happen to work at a big company—these are partners at a firm whose stated business model is to profit from the revolving door and connections gained from time in government."

Flournoy would become the first woman to lead the Department of Defense. "She represents the epitome of what is worst about the Washington blob, the military-industrial complex's revolving door," says CodePink co-founder Medea Benjamin. "Her whole history has been one of going in and out of the Pentagon … where she supported every war that the U.S. engaged in, and supported increases in the military budget."

According to an article in The American Prospect—titled, "How Biden’s Foreign-Policy Team Got Rich"—published in July:

...Flournoy could carry her own private practice, but she didn't want a firm with her name on it alone. The trio reached out to defense and intelligence honchos, but with no luck. Then a particular Washington fixture came to light.

He had been Vice President Joe Biden's right-hand man for almost two decades and finished out the Obama administration as deputy secretary of state. He was known for his unimpeachable ethics. Having written Biden's speeches for years, he had started to enunciate with the vice president's drawl when he appeared on CNN. He had never cashed in on his international connections, years of face time with Saudi, Israeli, and Chinese leaders.

His name was Tony Blinken. With his commitment to join Flournoy as founding partner, a new strategic consultancy was born. They called it WestExec Advisors.

WEST EXECUTIVE AVENUE runs along the West Wing of the White House, the connection between presidential power and the offices where aides sit and do the real work. The name WestExec Advisors trades on its founders' recent knowledge of the highest echelons of decision-making. It also suggests they'll be walking down WestExec toward 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue some day soon.

The above article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 License. Feel free to republish and share widely.
__________________________________


From the Washington Post, July 11, 2020, click here to read the  full article

Trump's Pardon History
(More to Come)

".....Here’s a look at the crimes for which the law-and-order president has opted to unilaterally circumvent justice:

  • Lying about contacts involving a man, Julian Assange, who served as a conduit for Russia’s interference in the 2016 U.S. election and who is currently under indictment (Stone)

  • Three war crimes, including two murders (Clint Lorance)

  • Murder (Michael Behenna)

  • Alleged murder (Mathew Golsteyn)

  • Arson that burned 139 acres of federal land (Steven and Dwight Hammond)

  • Corruptly trying to sell a U.S. Senate seat for personal gain (Blagojevich)

  • Using his high profile after the 9/11 attacks to commit tax fraud (Kerik)

  • Refusing a judge’s order to stop detaining people suspected of being und
  • ocumented immigrants (Arpaio)"

  • Michael Flynn, pardoned November 25, 2020, read editorial in the San Francisco Chronicle: Why President Trump’s pardon of Michael Flynn is even dirtier than the rest, click here
  • ________________________
Originally published by ProPublica, July 9, 2020
Republished under the Creative Commons License

How a Key Federal Civil Rights Agency Was 
Sidelined as Historic Protests Erupted

Launched by President Lyndon Johnson in 1964, the Community Relations Service has been without a director and short-staffed during recent unrest. The Trump administration has repeatedly tried to eliminate the agency.


In recent weeks, as protests against police violence and systemic racism have swept across the nation, a key federal civil rights agency — an agency created to bridge racial divides — has been largely absent.

Dubbed “America’s Peacemaker,” the Community Relations Service was established in 1964 as civil rights protesters across the South came under attack. The service, which is part of the Justice Department, is credited with helping to avert bloodshed during some of the most contentious demonstrations of the 1960s.

When Martin Luther King Jr. staged a march in Selma, Alabama in 1965 — just days after Alabama state troopers and local cops assaulted protesters in an infamous confrontation known as “Bloody Sunday” — it was CRS officials who worked to avert another round of violence.

More recently, in 2018, when Sacramento police shot to death Stephon Clarke, an African American man, a five-person CRS team was on the ground in less than 24 hours. The team helped to arrange an emergency meeting between the city council and a community furious over the killing of the unarmed 22-year-old.

“If you can get a conversation started, things are less likely to go stupid,” said Ronald Wakabayashi, the CRS regional director who led the team in Sacramento and has since retired.

To continue reading the above story on ProPublica's site along with photos




Exploring the Business of Trump

He’s the president, yet we’re still trying to answer basic questions about how his business works: what deals are happening, whom they’re happening with, and if the president and his family are keeping their promise to separate the Trump Organization from the Trump White House.

“Trump, Inc.” is a joint reporting project from WNYC Studios and ProPublica that digs deep into those questions. We’ll be laying out what we know, what we don’t and how you can help us fill in the gaps.

Find “Trump, Inc.” wherever you get your podcasts.


A Closer Look at Federal COVID Contractors Reveals Inexperience, Fraud Accusations and a Weapons Dealer Operating Out of Someone’s House, 
ProPublica, May 27, click here

A Message from John Lewis via New York Times, July 30

Together, You
Can Redeem the Soul
of Our Nation


"While my time here has now come to an end, I want you to know that in the last days and hours of my life you inspired me. You filled me with hope about the next chapter of the great American story when you used your power to make a difference in our society. Millions of people motivated simply by human compassion laid down the burdens of division. Around the country and the world you set aside race, class, age, language and nationality to demand respect for human dignity."

Read the article written John Lewis
with instructions that it be published
on the day of his funeral, CLICK HERE
_______________
Editor Craig Rock, duniterock@gmail.com, send in your stories, poems and photos by the 24th of the month. Click on most images to enlarge.


ĉ
Craig Rock,
Sep 19, 2020, 11:06 AM
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Craig Rock,
Jun 5, 2020, 3:31 PM