Research

Working papers:

Do Second Chances Pay Off? Evidence from a Natural Experiment with Low-Achieving Students (2022) (with Rigissa Megalokonomou & Stefania Simion) CESifo WP no.9620 IZA DP no. 15139

In several countries, students who fail end-of-high-school high-stakes exams are faced with the choice of retaking them or forgoing postsecondary education. We explore exogenous variation generated by a 2006 policy that imposed a performance threshold for admission into postsecondary education in Greece to estimate the effect of retaking exams on a range of outcomes. Using a fuzzy regression discontinuity design and novel administrative data, we find that low-achieving students who retake national exams improve their performance by half a standard deviation, but do not receive offers from higher quality postsecondary placements. The driving mechanism for these results stems from increased competition.

The Task and Skill Content of Job Transitions over the Business Cycle: Evidence for the UK (2019) (with Rachel J. Forshaw)

We find that the change in the content of job-to-job transitions as measured by individual tasks and skill level is broadly similar within and outside of recessions. These results are in contrast to studies using occupation category as a proxy for job content and showing that the probability of changing occupation is pro-cylical. Our results suggest that factors related to individual and job characteristics are stronger predictors of skill reallocation than the business cycle.

Job Tasks and the Gender Wage-Gap within Occupations (2019)

I provide evidence that task use at work by men and women in the same occupations is significantly different. The observed difference can account for the within-occupational gender-wage gap that is prevalent in many developed countries. Using data for thirteen European countries, I find that women consistently report spending less time than men on specific job tasks. The effect is exacerbated with fertility and selection into the labour force, however neither mechanism can completely account for the observed differences. The difference is also not accounted for by the type of occupations in which women are employed, nor their working hours and it is not driven by measurement error. Similarly to studies for the US and Australia, I find that a large portion of the gender wage-gap is found among individuals employed in the same occupational titles. However, controlling for both occupations and task use in a wage equation accounts for the entirety of the within-occupational gender wage-gap, for all countries in the sample.

Press Coverage: Frankfurter Allgemeine; The Daily Telegraph; LSE Business Review; Helsingin Sanomat; Uusi Suomi

Work-in-progress:

The Effects of #MeToo on Workplace Harassment (with Janne Tukiainen)

Bargaining, Performance Pay and the Gender Wage-Gap (with Tuomas Pekkarinen)

The Impact of Firm Pay Transparency on the Gender Pay-Gap: Evidence from a Regression Discontinuity Approach (with Elias Einiö)

Gender and SES Differences in College Applications: Evidence from Three Continents (with Adam Altmejd; Andres Barrios Fernandez; Martti Kaila; Christopher Neilson; Sebastian Otero & Xiaoyang Ye)