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ICC Banking Commission Opinions 2012-2016

New opinions on UCP 600, ISBP 681, ISBP 745, URC 522 and URDG 758 Edited by Gary Collyer

The Opinions in this volume respond to specific questions raised by queries submitted to the Banking Commission from practitioners the world over. The bulk of the Opinions respond to questions raised concerning the latest version of ICC’s Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits (UCP 600), and the International Standard Banking Practice for the Examination of Documents under Documentary Credits (ISBP publication numbers 681 and 745). The UCP and ISBP publications are the irreplaceable texts practitioners adhere to when framing transactions using letters of credit.

The Banking Commission’s Opinions represent the Commission’s official interpretations of how ICC rules are to be used in specific situations. Over the years, they have not only provided unrivalled guidance to practitioners; they have also been widely cited by judges when deciding disputes involving the ICC rules of practice.

In this volume, practitioners will find answers to frequently asked questions, among them:

How to sign and declare the signing capacity under a transport document?

Can a credit amount be underdrawn when a documentary requirement includes a final shipment certificate?

How to determine an original insurance document and how many originals need to be presented?

Apart from the UCP and ISBP, there are also Opinions concerning ICC’s Uniform Rules for Collections (URC 522), its Uniform Rules for Bank-to-Bank Reimbursements (URR 725) and its Uniform Rules for Demand Guarantees (URDG 758). This volume also contains Opinions approved in respect of the application of ISBP 681, the predecessor to ISBP 745.

Decisions by ICC experts on Documentary credits, collections and demand guarantees

The DOCDEX system is a rapid and cost-effective means of resolving letter of credit disputes through an expert decision. Cases are decided by a panel of three impartial experts having experience in, and knowledge of, trade finance transactions. Said experts are selected from a list maintained by the ICC Banking Commission. The experts' decision is further scrutinized by the Technical Adviser to the ICC Banking Commission to ensure that it conforms to applicable ICC Banking Rules and/or international standard practice in trade finance.

Covering cases from 2013-2016, this is the fourth volume in the series of DOCDEX Decisions. It includes 30 Decisions providing valuable insights into the reasoning behind the experts’ final judgments on the disputes in question.

A significant development that has been introduced in this collection is the inclusion of an abstract for all decisions. This approach allows for an encapsulation of key information and summarises each conclusion.

Two important indices are also available:

Cross-reference of each DOCDEX decision against the relevant ICC rules, which have been divided into articles and sub-articles of UCP, URR, URC, URDG and paragraphs of ISBP.

Cross-reference to keywords in both the abstracted and full versions of the decisions.

Various versions of ICC rules have been covered: UCP 500/600, URC 522, URR 725, URDG 458/758 and ISBP 681/745. The majority of decisions have application to UCP (16), one of which applies to UCP 500. An analysis of the UCP articles that have attracted the most queries reveals that issues surrounding discrepant documents predominate, followed closely by the standard for examination of documents. It is clear that it is in this area that a lack of knowledge of key procedures can cause problems.

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