A shortage of qualified licensed plumbers is expected to create employment opportunities, especially in view of growth in the construction and building renovations industries. Bathroom remodeling, in particular, should generate demand in the field. Of course, existing plumbing systems in both the residential and commercials sectors will continue to produce repair and maintenance jobs for plumbers. Construction of new septic tanks and waste water treatment plants may also contribute to the job pool. Stricter water efficiency standards for toilets and showerheads and rules for home and business sprinkler systems will likely lead to more work for plumbers. Most available jobs are predicted to be with plumbing and pipefitting contractors. A significant number of openings will follow the imminent retirement of many trades-people in general.