Little Diomede Island (Inupiat: Ignaluk; formerly known as Krusenstern Island, which can also refer to other places) is an island of Alaska, United States. It is the smaller of the two Diomede Islands located in the middle of the Bering Strait between the Alaska mainland and Siberia. Its neighboring island Big Diomede is less than 2.4 mi (3.9 km) to the west, but is part of Russia and west of the International Date Line. Little Diomede has an estimated population of 80.
The entirety of the island is in the city of Diomede (Inupiat: Inalik). The island is not part of any organized borough, so some services are provided directly by the state. For census purposes, it is included in the Nome Census Area.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the island has a total area of 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2), all of it land. On the western shore of the island is the village of Diomede, also known as Inalik.
Little Diomede Island is located about 25 kilometres (16 mi) west from the mainland, in the middle of the Bering Strait. It is only 0.6 kilometres (0.37 mi) from the International Date Line and about 2.4 miles (3.9 km) from the Russian island of Big Diomede.
The highest point on Little Diomede Island is 494m (about halfway along the west coast, about 1.5 km southeast of the village, facing the southern tip of Big Diomede).
There is a heliport, the Diomede Heliport, with regular helicopter flights. During the winter, the town villagers carve a runway into the thick ice sheet so that bush planes can deliver vital products, such as medicine. Due to annual variations of the ice sheet, the runway changes position every year.
The Little Diomede island is composed of Cretaceous age granite or quartz monzonite. The location of the city is the only area which does not have near-vertical cliffs to the water. Behind the city and around the entire island rocky slopes rise at about 40° up to the relatively flattened top in 1,148–1,191 feet (350–363 m). The island has very scant vegetation.
Interested in traveling to Little Diomede? We love visitors, but between contacting Pathfinder Aviation and the local tribal council, it can be quite difficult to get a hold of the correct people in a timely fashion. If you would like some help, hints, or tricks, please contact Rob Michaud (email@example.com) for more information.
Some general travel tips:
• Pathfinder only flies passengers to Diomede on the first three Mondays of the month (at times they will fly passengers on Wednesdays depending on the mail load). You can charter a Pathfinder helicopter, but it's quite pricey. Boats only come to Diomede once or twice a year. To book travel via Pathfinder, call (907) 443-5334.
• Although it is not required to get permission from the Tribal Council to travel to Diomede, it is highly recommended. E-mail the local Tribal Council at firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.
• There are no hotels, hostels, motels, couch surfers (during the summer), or bed and breakfasts on the island, so either secure a place to stay with a local or with the school. At the school, it costs $70 per night, but that includes beds, clean drinking water, internet, indoor pluming, etc.
• The local store might not have the foods you're looking for or it might not be open, so make sure to bring some essential staples with you.
Source: Wikipedia, edited by Mr. Rob