I study the evolution of consistency. I am interested in understanding the evolution of within-individual variation in traits that are expressed at different times throughout an individual's life, such as behaviors, physiology, and some morphological characteristics. I have researched this in birds and insects, studying individual consistency in singing behavior and colony consistency in worker size.

I am working with Dr. Anna Dornhaus as a graduate candidate in the Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Department at the University of Arizona. My PhD thesis focuses on the evolutionary consequence of worker size variation in the bumble bee (Bombus impatiens), in particular how this variation influences colony behavior and performance.