Chicago Style Citation


What is citation?  According to it is “the way you tell your readers that certain material in your work came from another source.  It also gives your readers the information necessary to find that source again, including:[sic]

·         Name of the author/editor

·         the title of the work

·         the name and location of the company that published your copy of the source

·         the date your copy was published

·         the page numbers of the material you are borrowing”.

To cite properly keep track of the material you use by listing author’s name, title of work, publisher, publishing date, and pages used.  An organizer will be provided to help you.

When do I need to cite?

 According to, “[w]henever you borrow words or ideas, you need to acknowledge their source.  The following situations almost always require citation:

 Whenever you use quotes

  • Whenever you paraphrase
  • Whenever you use an idea that someone else has already expressed
  • Whenever someone else’s work has been critical in developing your own ideas.”


Every discipline has its own citation style.  English and literature use MLA; psychology and social sciences use APA and history uses Chicago style. When using this style, you will cite the information both in-text and in the bibliography.

In Text Citation
Chicago uses parenthetical in-text citation. In text means that it is in the body of your paper (as you write). Parenthetical means that it is found in (parenthesis) at the end of the sentence. The information should include the following:

last name of author
Year published
Colon :
Page number – just the number

The end result should follow this format (author year: page).

Example: Peter Burchard (1994, 85) explains that “no recruiting was done outside the Babylon”.  


As mentioned above, the bibliography gives COMPLETE publishing information for your reader.  Format your bibliography:

  • Bibliography should be its own page
  • Bibliography should be labeled at the top of the page
  • Organized alphabetically                                                                                                                                
  • Provide complete publishing information for books:
    • Author.  Year. Title of book.  City published: Publisher. Numbers used.                                              
  • Web References provide the full information about a source. You'll need to include the following information in this order:
    • Author last name, first. 
    • "Title of Article/Webpage." 
    • Date published/updated.
    • Source (newspaper/journal) or website.
    • Date accessed.
    • URL

Example:  Burchard, Peter. 1994.  One Gallant Rush. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 85.  

For references, there are Chrome add-ons you can use. Please remember that these are programs and you need to check to ensure that all necessary information is included.

Cite This For Me
Cite this for Me is my personal favorite but it is not perfect. The add-on puts the date right after the author instead of the title of the article/page (but before title of source/website). Just cut and paste this information where it needs to go.
Easy Bib
This is the one that almost everyone knows about. Unfortunately, it is not very good with Chicago Manual Style reference citations. If you do use this, make sure that all the information is included.
Chicago Manual Style
In case you feel the need to cite all by your lonesome, this is the actual organization to use.
Carissa Schull,
Feb 15, 2016, 8:28 AM
Carissa Schull,
Sep 15, 2015, 6:29 AM