An inflammation of the skin that produces a red, scaly, itchy rash is known as dermatitis. Two of the most common types are atopic dermatitis (often called eczema) and contact dermatitis.
Atopic Dermatitis ‘Eczema’
Eczema is inflammation of the skin, often associated with allergic respiratory diseases and food allergy. It is important to identify potential allergic triggers. Your allergist will order appropriate allergy testing needed to identify the cause. Preventing the itch is the most important goal of treatment. There are several medications commonly used for atopic dermatitis including corticosteroid, pimecrolimus, tacrolimus and crisaborole creams, antihistamines and dupilumab.
Allergic contact dermatitis
Contact dermatitis area are itchy, red, and sometimes blistered. One of the common types of reaction is the contact with poison ivy. Nickel, cosmetics, dyes, latex products, neomycin antibiotic creams are other causes of allergic contact dermatitis. Treatment depends on the severity of the symptoms. If a cause cannot be determined tests will help identify it.