Different Stages of Cavity Formation

You may know how bad it is to have cavity. As a matter of, your dentist telling you that you have a cavity is the last thing you want to hear. Now, you can assume that the normal tooth decay has gone wild in your case to form the cavity. And you may recall in your mind about the times you had been ignoring the signs of tooth decay.

Good news, however, is that cavity formation is a long process and it doesn’t progress without giving some very clear signals. Thus, you can stick with the preventative treatment methods in order to avoid cavities altogether. In case your teeth are showing the signs of decay, you can talk to your dentist about it to get a timely treatment.

Well, there are a lot of options you can consider for avoiding and treating the cavity. But, what’s more important is that you should know about different stages involved in cavity formation and progression.

Stages involved in cavity formation and progression

  • Demineralization is the first step towards cavity formation. It happens when you consume sugary foods and carbohydrates. These are the very ingredients which are liked by bad bacteria. When those bacteria consume sugar and carbs, they release an acid which eliminates minerals from tooth enamel. This process of mineral elimination is referred to as demineralization.
  • When the process of demineralization goes unnoticed, the enamel erosion tends to happen. This is the very stage which you can call enamel decay because it involves destruction of enamel structure after minerals are gone. Filling can be the ideal treatment at this stage.
  • Stage 3 involves dentin decay. Dentin is the layer which exists beneath the tooth enamel. This layer is many times softer than tooth enamel and, hence, it is quite vulnerable. It doesn’t take much time for bacteria to rip through the dentin and infect the internal portion of the tooth.
  • While dentin is softer than enamel, it is still a hard material which protects the internal part of the tooth. However, it is porous and it allows the bacteria to reach inner part of the tooth which is called pulp. Pulp consists of nerves and vessels. In other words, this layer of tooth is what keeps the tooth alive. Any infection in this area is dangerous not only for the tooth itself but also for the jawbone. When bacteria reach the pulp, the pulp gets infected and diseased. This infection can be very painful as well.
  • Things do not stop at infection of the pulp. When the pulp is infected, the root of the tooth receives this infection. The infected root starts forming the abscess which makes things even worse. Root canal remains to be the only solution to treat an abscess.

Here, you have to make sure that you visit your dentist no matter what after seeing the things heading to tooth decay.