Sandeep Mishra

Associate Professor of Management

Lang School of Business and Economics, University of Guelph

I direct the Judgments, Decisions, and Health Lab at the Lang School of Business & Economics, University of Guelph. We conduct behavioral science research in the areas of judgment and decision-making (risk-taking, risk-sensitivity, gambling) and conflict, stress, and health (competition, inequality, dis/advantage, antisociality, mental health), with a primary focus on understanding individual differences.

We shed light on psychological components of two linked UN sustainable development goals: reduced inequalities and good health and well-being. Our research is purposely interdisciplinary, often exploratory, and heavily informed by evolutionary theory.

I teach classes in management decision-making, negotiation & conflict management, organizational behaviour, and research methods & statistics.

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* student/postdoctoral collaborators at time of publication are underlined

Journal Articles

Nadler, J., Day, M. V., Beshai, S., & Mishra, S. (accepted). The relative deprivation trap: How feeling deprived relates to the experience of generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology.

Wuth, A., Mishra, S., Beshai, S., & Feeney, J. (accepted). Experiences of developmental unpredictability and harshness predict adult cognition: An examination of maladaptive schemas, positive schemas, and cognitive distortions. Current Psychology.

Refaie, N., & Mishra, S. (2020). Embodied capital and risk-related traits, attitudes, behaviors, and outcomes: An exploratory examination of attractiveness, cognitive ability, and physical dexterity. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 11, 949-964.

Mahali, S. C., Beshai, S., Feeney, J., & Mishra, S. (2020). Associations of negative cognitions, emotional regulation, and depression symptoms across four continents: International support for the cognitive model of depression. BMC Psychiatry, 20:18.

Rotella, A., Fogg, C., Mishra, S., & Barclay, P. (2019). The effect of compensation method on delay discounting in a crowdsourced sample: An exploratory study. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 60, 520-527.

Mishra, S., Beshai, S., Wuth, A., & Refaie, N. (2019). Risk and protective factors in problem gambling: An examination of psychological resilience. International Gambling Studies, 19, 241–264.

Barclay, P., Mishra, S., & Sparks, A. (2018). State-dependent risk-taking. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 285: 20180180.

Mishra, S., & Meadows, T. J. S. (2018). Does stress mediate the association between personal relative deprivation and gambling? Stress and Health, 34, 331–337.

Beshai, S., Mishra, S., Mishra, S., & Carleton, R. N. (2017). Personal relative deprivation associated with functional disorders via stress: An examination of fibromyalgia and gastrointestinal symptoms. PLOS One, 12(12):e0189666.

Beshai, S., Mishra, S., Meadows, T. J. S., Parmar, P., & Huang, V. (2017). Minding the gap: Subjective relative deprivation and depressive symptoms. Social Science & Medicine, 173, 18–25.

Gonzales, J., Mishra, S., & Camp, R. D. (2017). For the win: Risk-sensitive decision-making in teams. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 30, 462–472.

Mishra, S., Barclay, P., & Sparks, A. (2017). The relative state model: Integrating need-based and ability-based pathways to risk-taking. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 21, 176–198.

Mishra, S., & Carleton, R. N. (2017). Use of online crowdsourcing platforms for gambling research. International Gambling Studies, 17, 125–143.

Mishra, S., & Lalumière, M. L. (2017). Associations between delay discounting and risk-related behaviors, traits, attitudes, and outcomes. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 30, 769–781.

Mishra, S., Lalumière, M. L., & Williams, R. J. (2017). Gambling, risk-taking, and antisocial behavior: A replication study supporting the generality of deviance. Journal of Gambling Studies, 33, 15–36.

Mishra, S., Templeton, A. J., & Meadows, T. J. S. (2017). Living, fast and slow: Is life history orientation associated with risk-related personality traits, risk attitudes, criminal outcomes, and gambling? Personality and Individual Differences, 117, 242–248.

Novakowski, D., & Mishra S. (2017). Relative state, social comparison reactions, and the behavioral constellation of deprivation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 40, e335.

Carleton, R. N., Duranceau, S., Shulman, E. P., Zerff, M., Gonzales, J., & Mishra, S. (2016). Self-reported intolerance of uncertainty and behavioural decisions. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 51, 58–65.

Mishra, S., & Novakowski, D. (2016). Personal relative deprivation and risk: An examination of individual differences in personality, attitudes, and behavioral outcomes. Personality and Individual Differences, 90, 22–26.

Mishra, S., & Carleton, R. N. (2015). Subjective relative deprivation is associated with poorer physical and mental health. Social Science & Medicine, 147, 144–149.

Mishra, S., Son Hing, L. S., & Lalumière, M. L. (2015). Inequality and risk-taking. Evolutionary Psychology, 13. doi:10.1177/1474704915596295.

Ferrey, A. E., & Mishra, S. (2014). Compensation method affects risk-taking in the Balloon Analogue Risk Task. Personality and Individual Differences, 64, 111–114.

Mishra, S. (2014). Decision-making under risk: Integrating perspectives from biology, economics, and psychology. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 18, 280–307.

Mishra, S., Barclay, P., & Lalumière, M. L. (2014). Competitive disadvantage facilitates risk-taking. Evolution and Human Behavior, 35, 126–132.

Mishra, S., & Gonzales, J. (2014). Sources of behavioral variability and the etiology of psychopathology. Psychological Inquiry, 25, 355–359.

Sparks, A., Mishra, S., & Barclay, P. (2013). Fundamental freedoms and the psychology of threat, bargaining, and inequality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36, 500–501.

Mishra, S., & Fiddick, L. (2012). Beyond gains and losses: The effect of need on risky choice in framed decisions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102, 1136–1147.

Mishra, S., Gregson, M., & Lalumière, M. L. (2012). Framing effects and risk-sensitive decision-making. British Journal of Psychology, 103, 83–97.

Mishra, S., & Sritharan, R. (2012). Personality and behavioral outcomes associated with risk-taking are accurately inferred from faces. Journal of Research in Personality, 46, 760–764.

Pisanski, K., Mishra, S., & Rendall, D. (2012). The evolved psychology of voice: Evaluating inter-relationships in listeners’ assessments of size, masculinity, and attractiveness of unseen speakers. Evolution and Human Behavior, 33, 509–519.

Mishra, S., & Lalumière, M. L. (2011). Individual differences in risk-propensity: Associations between personality and behavioral measures of risk. Personality and Individual Differences, 50, 869–873.

Mishra, S., Lalumière, M. L., Morgan, M., & Williams, R. J. (2011). An examination of the relationship between gambling and antisocial behavior. Journal of Gambling Studies, 27, 409–426.

Mishra, S., Logue, D. M., Abiola, I. O., & Cade, W. H. (2011). Developmental environment affects risk-acceptance in the hissing cockroach, Gromphadorhina portentosa. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 125, 40–47.

Mishra, S., & Lalumière, M. L. (2010). You can't always get what you want: The motivational effect of need on risk-sensitive decision-making. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 605–611.

Mishra, S., Lalumière, M. L., & Williams, R. J. (2010). Gambling as a form of risk-taking: Individual differences in personality, risk-accepting attitudes, and behavioral preferences for risk. Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 616–621.

Mishra, S., Morgan, M., Lalumière, M. L., & Williams, R. J. (2010). Mood and audience effects on video lottery terminal gambling. Journal of Gambling Studies, 26, 373–386.

Logue, D. M., Mishra, S., McCaffrey, D., Ball, D., & Cade, W. H. (2009). A behavioral syndrome linking courtship behavior toward males and females predicts reproductive success from a single mating in the hissing cockroach, Gromphadorhina portentosa. Behavioral Ecology, 20, 781–788.

Mishra, S., & Lalumière, M. L. (2009). Is the crime drop of the 1990s in Canada and the USA associated with a general decline in risky and health-related behaviors? Social Science & Medicine, 68, 39–48.

Taves, M. D., Desjardins, J. K., Mishra, S., & Balshine, S. (2009). Androgens and dominance: Sex-specific patterns in a highly social fish (Neolamprologus pulcher). General and Comparative Endocrinology, 161, 202–207.

Mishra, S., Clark, A. P., & Daly, M. (2007). One woman’s behavior affects the attractiveness of others. Evolution and Human Behavior, 28, 145–149.

Reports & Book Chapters

Bapuji, H.*, & Mishra, S.* (2015). Inequality and organizations. In Mir, R., Willmott, H., & Greenwood, M. (Eds.), The Routledge companion to philosophy in organization studies (pp. 439–448). New York, NY: Routledge.

Mishra, S., Lalumière, M. L., Williams, R. J., & Daly, M. (2012). Determinants of risky decision-making and gambling: The effects of need and relative deprivation. Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre Report 2707.

Lalumière, M. L., Mishra, S., & Harris, G. T. (2008). In cold blood: The evolution of psychopathy. In J. Duntley & T. K. Shackelford (Eds.), Evolutionary forensic psychology: Darwinian foundations of crime and law (pp. 139–159). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Mishra, S., Lalumière, M. L., Williams, R. J., & Morgan, M. (2008). Gambling and risk-taking: Individual differences in risk-acceptance and the impact of situational factors. Alberta Gambling Research Institute Report.

Mishra, S., & Lalumière, M. L. (2008). Risk taking, antisocial behavior, and life histories. In J. Duntley & T. K. Shackelford (Eds.), Evolutionary forensic psychology: Darwinian foundations of crime and law (pp. 176–197). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Other Publications

Refaie, N., & Mishra, S. (2018). Economic hardship. In T. K. Shackelford & V. Weekes-Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of evolutionary psychological science. New York, NY: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_2273-1.

Wuth, M., & Mishra, S. (2018). Environmental unpredictability and bet hedging. In T. K. Shackelford & V. Weekes-Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of evolutionary psychological science. New York, NY: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_3695-1.

Wuth, M., & Mishra, S. (2018). Extrinsic mortality. In T. K. Shackelford & V. Weekes-Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of evolutionary psychological science. New York, NY: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_2365-1.

Mishra, S. (2017). Tinbergen’s four questions and variance explained: Why business (and all behavioral science) needs evolutionary theory. This View of Business: How Evolutionary Thinking Can Transform the Workplace.

Gonzales, J., & Mishra, S. (2017). Heuristics. In T. K. Shackelford & V. Weekes-Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of evolutionary psychological science. New York, NY: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_626-1.

Mishra, S., Novakowski, D., & Gonzales, J. (2017). Judgment and decision-making. In T. K. Shackelford & V. Weekes-Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of evolutionary psychological science. New York, NY: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_628-1.

Novakowski, D., & Mishra, S. (2017). Biases. In T. K. Shackelford & V. Weekes-Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of evolutionary psychological science. New York, NY: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_627-1.

Gonzales, J., & Mishra, S. (2016). Going for it: When risk is worth it, and when it’s not. The Evolution Institute: This View of Life.

Mishra, S. (2014). Crime drop of the 1990s. In J. S. Albanese (Ed.), Encyclopedia of criminology and criminal justice (Vol. 1, pp. 466–470). New York, NY: Wiley-Blackwell.

Mishra, S. (2010). The benefits of a small university for graduate studies in psychology. Psynopsis: Canada’s Psychology Magazine, 32(4), 36.

Mishra, S., & Lalumière, M. L. (2009). The big drop in sex crimes. Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers: The Forum, 21(2).

Mishra, S., & Lalumière, M. L. (2008). A review of the book Biological Influences on Criminal Behavior (by G. S. Anderson). Canadian Psychology, 49, 268–270.


I teach courses in management that involve understanding and application of the psychology of decision-making. I have also taught courses in research methods and statistics. At the undergraduate level, I have taught Organizational Behavior, Compensation, Management Decision Making, and Negotiation & Conflict Management. At the graduate/professional levels (MBA, MHRM, MSc), I have taught Research Methods in Management and Human Behavior in Organizations.

In my classes I emphasize (1) the importance of scientifically-minded, evidence-based management, (2) experiential, hands-on discussion and learning, aimed at understanding from different points of view, and (3) critical thinking and problem solving with data. I (and my students) particularly enjoy the use of strategy board games for teaching important concepts in managerial decision-making and negotiation.


I am always interested in consulting on projects related to education, health, and/or well-being. I have contributed expertise primarily in data collection, research methods, data analysis/statistics, and communication.

Clients and Projects

International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers
The Impact of Shift Length and Fatigue on Decision-Making and Mental Health (2020)

Levene Graduate School of Business, University of Regina
Methods and Statistics Workshop for Executives (2019)

Crown Investments Corporation of Saskatchewan
Annual Demographic Survey (2019, 2020, 2021)

YMCA of Regina
Regina Homelessness Survey (2016)


My parents were poor immigrants to Canada, arriving from India during the tumultous times of the early 1970s. I was born and raised in Delhi, Ontario, a rural farming town of about 4,000 people.

I am very fortunate to have had kind, supportive, and wise mentors at the undergraduate, graduate, and postdoctoral levels. My undergraduate studies were in Psychology (with a minor in Biology) at McMaster University. My honors thesis research was conducted with Martin Daly. My graduate studies were in Psychology at the University of Lethbridge, where I worked with Martin Lalumière, a clinical psychologist. I received the Governor General’s Academic Gold Medal for my doctoral work on decision-making under risk. After my graduate studies, I was a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Psychology at the University of Guelph. I worked in the areas of Industrial/Organizational Psychology (with Leanne Son Hing) and Applied Social Psychology (with Pat Barclay).

I was Assistant/Associate Professor of Organizational Behavior and Human Resources Management at the Hill/Levene Schools of Business, University of Regina from November 2012 to December 2019. While there, I held research chairs funded by industry partners Viterra and KPMG. I am now an Associate Professor in the Department of Management, Lang School of Business and Economics, University of Guelph, in the beautiful city of Guelph, Ontario.

Outside of the ivory tower, I spend a lot of time with my wife and friends enjoying cooking together, a large collection of European-style strategy board games, turn-based computer games (♡ Sid Meier's Civilization, XCOM), and indulging in as much music as possible. I am also a (marginally accomplished) drummer; I have recorded and performed with numerous bands of various styles (funk/dance, psychadelic rock, alternative/folk) over the years.

Sandeep Mishra | Associate Professor | Department of Management | Gordon S. Lang School of Business and Economics | University of Guelph
50 Stone Road East, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, N1G 2W1
(519) 824-4120 x56872