John 16: 05~33 约翰福音 第十六章 第五至三十三节


(Part 4)

John 16:5-33

I. The Work of the Holy Spirit (16:5-15)

A. In Convicting the World (vv.5-11)

  1. The main line of defense the disciples would have in the coming time of persecution would be the power of the Holy Spirit in their lives.

  2. In these verses, Jesus outlined the convicting work of the Holy Spirit, all related to the work and person of Jesus Christ.

    1. The Spirit will convict the world in the area of sin that results from disbelief in Jesus (v. 9).

    2. The Spirit would convict the world in the area of righteousness in light of the life of Jesus (v. 10).

    3. The Spirit would convict the world in the area of judgment because Jesus defeated the prince of the world (Satan) who now stands condemned (v. 11).

  3. The word translated “convict” (v. 8) means “to expose, to convict, to cross-examine for the purpose of convicting or refuting an opponent, especially used of legal proceedings.” What this means in the life of an individual is that the Holy Spirit places in our conscience the realization that something we have done is contrary to God’s will. We can either ignore that convicting power of the Spirit or we can act on it by confessing our sin, asking God to forgive our sin, and repent of our sin, which means we turn away from that sin desiring not to do it again.

  4. The conviction of judgment is the result of God’s judgment on Satan by the cross (v. 11). Although Satan had been “ruler” of the world, God showed Himself to be the true ruler of the world when He destroyed the power of Satan through Jesus’ work on the cross.

B. In Guiding the Believer (vv. 12-15)

  1. Only through the Spirit can an individual be brought to repentance which leads to faith (John 6:44). It is not good works that elevate our status before God, but the finished work of Christ on the cross. The Holy Spirit makes effective in the heart of the believer what Christ has done.

  2. The Holy Spirit performs these ministries:

    1. He guides believers “into all the truth” (v. 13).

    2. He glorifies Jesus (v. 15).

  3. The Holy Spirit, the Spirit of truth, will guide disciples into all truth (v. 13). His purpose is to reveal Christ. The mark of the work of the Holy Spirit, then, is whether Christ is made central and glorified in a believer’s life.

II. Jesus Has “Overcome the World” (16:16-33)

A. Jesus Will “Go to the Father” (vv. 16-19)

  1. Jesus again predicts His impending death, resurrection, and ascension. Once again the disciples did not understand what Jesus was telling them.

  2. When Jesus said, “A little while, and you will not see Me; and again a little while and you will see Me” (v. 17), He was speaking of His death and resurrection.

B. The “pains of childbirth” (vv. 20-22)

  1. In describing how people would respond to His death and resurrection, Jesus stated that at first, following His death, His followers would weep while the rest of the world rejoiced; but later, following His resurrection, His followers would experience joy (v. 20).

  2. Jesus likened the experience His followers would have to that of a woman having a child. There is a period of pain during labor, but after the child is born the pain is forgotten and replaced with the joy of seeing a newborn baby brought into the world. The Apostle Paul uses the same analogy to refer to the fact that all of creation will struggle until Jesus comes again and God’s eternal plan is fulfilled (Romans 8:18-25).

C. Asking “In Jesus’ Name” (vv. 23-28)

  1. First of all, Jesus was letting His disciples know that after He ascended to the Father, they would have direct access to the Father in their prayers.

  2. Secondly, Jesus said that if they asked anything “in My Name,” God would answer them. Asking in Jesus’ name does not mean that we simply add the phrase “in Jesus’ name” to our prayers and are thus guaranteed that God will give us what we ask. To ask “in Jesus’ name” means we ask that which Jesus would ask, in other words, asking for what is within God’s will.

D. Peace In Jesus (vv. 29-33)

  1. Jesus told the disciples they would abandon Him, but He wouldn’t be alone. His Father would be with Him.

  2. He then stated His followers, “in Me you may have peace” (v. 33). The reason for that peace is that Jesus has “overcome the world” (v. 33).

  3. The Greek verb Jesus used for overcome also means “to conquer.” The force of this verb indicates a continuing victory. Jesus’ words “I have overcome the world” were not so much a promise as a statement of fact. His victory also applies to us today. Through Him, we are also able to overcome the world. 1 John 5:1-5 teaches that those who believe in Jesus will be overcomers.


  1. Why was it necessary for Jesus to send the Counselor? What would Jesus’ role be?

  2. Jesus described the convicting work of the coming Counselor. What is the nature of that work?

  3. Why is the work of the Holy Spirit so important in the life of a believer?

  4. On what basis did Jesus declare that He had overcome the world? What does that mean to those who believe in Him?