John 09: 1-41 约翰福音 第九章 第一至第四十一节
THE GOSPEL OF JOHN
OPPOSITION TO CHRIST (Part 5)
I. Sin and Sickness (9:1-12)
A. The Sixth Sign: Jesus Heals a Man Born Blind
1. Jesus saw a man born blind from birth. His disciples, reflecting a common belief of the day, wanted to know who had sinned and caused this man to be born blind. Was it his parents or the man himself?
2. Jesus wanted to show the fault in this entire system of thought, so He said, “It was neither this man that sinned, nor his parents, but it was so that God might be displayed in him” (v. 3). In other words, this blind man was there at that moment for God to work in his life in order to glorify Jesus.
3. Jesus spat on the ground, making a mud mixture of dirt and saliva, and placed the mud on the blind man’s eyes. He then instructed the man to wash his eyes in the Pool of Siloam. The man did so and returned, showing everyone that he could see! Using the mud was not some kind of medical cure, but served as a means for the blind man to express his faith in Jesus’ words. This sign pointed to Jesus as the giver of spiritual insight.
4. Jesus performed more miracles related to giving sight to the blind than any other miracle. Such an activity was forecast in prophecy as a messianic act (Isa. 29:18; 35:5; 42:7). Jesus came to restore the sight of human beings who had become blinded to the things of God.
B. Why Bad Things Happen:
1. The rabbis taught that no one died or was sick unless there had been sin. Even a child could sin in the womb, they suggested, or even in the preexistent state prior to conception.
2. Even today there are many who believe there should be some kind of fairness in life, especially for those who follow God, so they question why bad things happen to good people.
3. There are basically five reasons people suffer hardship in this life:
a. Because of our sins or poor choices: The truth is, sometimes we do suffer the consequences of our own sins (see 1 Cor. 11:27-30).
b. Because of someone else’s sins: Many times we may suffer due to the sins of someone else. In fact, Jesus taught that whoever becomes His follower can expect to suffer persecution in this life (John 15:18-20; Matt. 5:10-12).
c. Because Satan may seek to harm us: There are times we are suffering because Satan still has freedom to work in this world (see 1 Peter 5:8).
d. Because God disciplines His children: The Bible teaches that those who have trusted Jesus Christ as their Savior are children of God, and that just as an earthly father disciplines his children when they disobey him, so God also disciplines His children (Hebrews 12:7).
e. Because we live in a fallen world: Much of the suffering we experience in this life is simply because this world is imperfect. Ever since sin first entered this world through Adam and Eve, this world has had sin, sickness, and death (Romans 5:12; 8:18-23). However, we are promised that in the end times, God will create a new heaven and new earth, and there will be no more sin, sickness, or death for those who have become God’s children (Revelation 21:1, 4).
4. Jesus suggested a time would come when the work of the kingdom of God would not be able to continue. That time was not the end of His life, as the “we” in verse 4 suggests, but when the consummation of the age takes place. Until that day, God’s people must do all they can to combat evil and do good in the name of Jesus.
II. The Power of Personal Testimony (9:13-34)
A. Continued Opposition from the Pharisees
1. As before, the Pharisees cared not that the man born blind was healed, rather that his healing happened on the Sabbath.
2. The Pharisees concluded again that Jesus could not be from God because by healing the man on the Sabbath, He was violating God’s Law. Of course, Jesus had not violated God’s Law, only the Pharisees’ interpretation of God’s Law.
B. The blind man’s testimony
1. After questioning by the Pharisees on the identity of the one who healed him, the man who had been healed testified that he believed Jesus was a prophet (v. 17b). This was not the answer the Pharisees wanted to hear.
2. Questioned again, the healed man said, “One thing I do know, that though I was blind, now I see” (v. 25). This simple testimony has been the undeniable evidence for the Christian faith for centuries. His final words carry the greatest sting: “If this man were not from God, He could do nothing” (v. 33). The Pharisees became enraged, accused the man of being a sinner, and had him removed from their presence.
III. The Healed Man’s Confession (9:35-41)
A. Jesus Questions the Man
1. After hearing that the man he had healed had been removed from the synagogue, Jesus looked him up.
2. Jesus presented one decisive question, “Do you believe in the Son of Man?” (v. 35). After Jesus revealed that He was truly the Son of Man He was speaking about, the man answered, “Lord, I believe” (v. 38). Obviously this was a response of faith.
B. Physical Sight and Spiritual Sight
1. The healing of this blind man took place on two levels: (1) at the physical level his sight was restored; and (2) on the spiritual level he came to faith in Christ.
2. This man served as a model for Jesus’ entire ministry. Now, as then, some people claim to see but are spiritually blind. And others, admit their blindness and ask Christ to restore their sight.
3. The Pharisees who witnessed this event responded only in indignation that Jesus would suggest they were blind (v. 40). Jesus responded that if they were truly blind they would be guiltless; but since they claimed sight, their guilt remained (v, 41).
1. Why did the disciples and others assume the blind man’s condition was the direct result of sin in the family?
2. What great lesson does Jesus’ healing of this blind man teach us?
3. What was the effect of the healed man’s testimony on the Jewish leaders? Why did they respond as they did?
4. What lessons can we apply from this passage of Scripture to our human condition today?