Reasons for Dry Mouth

When your mouth doesn’t get enough amount of saliva, which helps in keeping the mouth moist, you get the dry mouth. If we look at it in general perspective, everyone gets the mouth dried at least once daily. Nervousness and stressful state of mind are the common reasons for dry mouth. However, if you have the chronic problem of dry mouth, it can lead you to serious health infections. Sometimes, dry mouth can indicate the existence of quite serious medical condition. Having that said, it is worth mentioning that keeping the mouth wet is just a mere job of saliva. Saliva is responsible for a lot of other things which are crucial for health.

Now, the top reasons for dry mouth are as under.

  • One of the reasons for dry mouth is the occurrence of side effects of certain types of medications. There are 4000 medicines which can result in dry mouth.
  • Certain medical conditions can result in dry mouth. Common diseases which cause dry mouth include Parkinson's disease, diabetes, HIV/AIDS, and Sjogren's syndrome.
  • Radiation therapy can quickly dry up the salivary glands. It usually tends to happen when laser is targeted at the area around neck and head. The lack in performance of salivary glands due to laser therapy can be temporary, permanent or partial, based on the intensity of therapy.
  • Another stage in cancer treatment is known as chemotherapy. This stage of treatment usually involves administering of drugs which bring dryness of mouth as a major side effect.
  • Dry mouth can be resulted due to smoking or tobacco use in any other form.

How to know if you have dry mouth?

Although the symptoms of dry mouth are quite obvious, these are numerous in numbers. A few of them are listed below so that you may know whether or not you suffer from the dryness of mouth.

  • Sticky sensation in the mouth
  • Burning tongue
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Dry throat
  • Cracked lips
  • Bad breath
  • Mouth sores
  • Difficulty in speaking

Treatment of dry mouth

If you have chronic problem of dry mouth, you need to work on the root cause in order to find ultimate cure. Most of the times, mouth dryness happens due to the use of certain medications. In this scenario, you can discuss with your doctor to get alternate medications. Sometimes, the salivary glands might not work properly but still produce saliva. In this scenario, you can talk to your dentist to get a suggestion about medicine which could help your salivary glands produce extra amount of saliva.

Sometimes, this problem may not be treatable for a certain period of time. So, you will have to make sure that you are consuming enough of the fluids which could help in keeping your mouth moist.