R. Piotrowski's Readings in Language Engineering and Applied Linguistics

ПИОТРОВСКИЕ ЧТЕНИЯ - 2019

Райму́нд (Раймо́нд) Ге́нрихович Пиотро́вский

(польск. Rajmund Piotrowski)

17.08.1922 Русско Краска (г. Рубежное, УССР) — 04.08.2009 (Санкт-Птеребург, Россия)

Советский и российский ученый-филолог, специализировавшийся в области романистики, квантитативной лингвистики и автоматической переработки текста. Основоположник таких научных направлений доказательной филологии как Инженерная лингвистика и Лингвистическая синергетика, создатель теории лингвистических автоматов. Под его руководством в Советском Союзе были созданы первые экспериментальные системы автоматического лингвистического обслуживания: системы автоматической переработки текста и практические многоязыковые системы машинного перевода.

Автор более 300 научных работ, среди которых научные книги и учебники: «Формирование артикля в романских языках», «Инженерная лингвистика и теория языка», «Текст, машина, человек», «Математическая лингвистика», «Лингвистический автомат», «Лингвистическая синергетика. Исходные положения, первые результаты, перспективы», научный редактор международной энциклопедии «Quaintitative Linguistik. Ein internationales Handbuch».

Под руководством Р.Г. Пиотровского было защищено 134 кандидатских и 14 докторских диссертаций.

Создатель и руководитель международной группы «Статистика Речи» и Лабораторией инженерной лингвистики при Ленинградском государственном педагогическом институте им. А. И. Герцена. С 1948-1954 гг. работал деканом факультета иностранных языков ЛГПИ им. А.И. Герцена. В период с 1948 по 1954 гг. и с 1966 -1974 гг. кафедрами французской, испанской, а затем романской филологий названного факультета. Организатор межвузовского центра теоретических и прикладных компьютерных исследований в филологии.

Rajmund Piotrowski

17.08.1922 — 04.08.2009

The Readings were organized in memory of our outstanding colleague and teacher, the founder of Russian Language Engineering (Computer Linguistics), a pioneer of Machine Translation (MT) in Russia Raimund Piotrowski. It was thanks to R. Piotrowski’s research and writings that not only automatic dictionary building technologies and practical MT systems were developed and applied, but an Evidence-Based research methodology in humanitarian studies and a Language Engineering strategies in research and didactic spheres were formulated and exercised as well.

Raimund Piotrowski was a Soviet and Russian scholar philologist, whose sphere of interest were such fields as Romance philology, Quantitative Linguistics and Natural Language Processing. He was the initiator of such schools of Evidence-Based philology as Language Engineering and Linguistic Synergetics (in Russia), originator of Linguistic Automata Theory. Under his supervision the first experimental systems of linguistic technologies (Natural Text Processing systems and practical multilanguage systems of Machine Translation) were created in the Soviet Union [Piotrowski 2007; Piotrowski et al. 1994].

He was a Full member of many academic institutions, both in Russia and abroad; thus, among others, he was Honorary Professor of the UNESCO, Honorary Professor of Herzen State University of Russia, Corresponding Member of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Actual Member of the Cybernetic Academy Odobleja, Member of the International Society for Computer Linguistics and, of course, of the International Quantitative Linguistics Association.

Raimund Piotrowski was the author of more than 300 publications, among which were the following scientific and text books: “Article Formation in Romance Languages” [Piotrowski 2008], “Language Engineering and Language Theory” [Piotrowski 1979], “Text, Computer, Mensch” [Piotrowski 1984], “Mathematical Linguistics” [Piotrovsky 1985], “Linguistic Automaton” [Piotrowski 1999], “Linguistic Synergetics. Reference Positions First Results, Perspectives” [Piotrowski 2006].

He was scientific editor of the international encyclopedia “Quaintitative Linguistik. Ein internationales Handbuch” [K¨ohler et al. 2005].

The law of language changes is known as Piotrowski’s law [Best 2008].

134 PhD and 14 Full Doctor theses were defended under his scientific supervision [R. Piotrowski’s Bibliography 2004].

R. Piotrowski was the creator and chief of “Speech Statistics” International Group [Kelich 2008] and Language Engineering Laboratory in Leningrad State Pedagogical Institute named after A.I. Herzen. Within 1948-1954 and 1966-1974 he was dean of foreign languages department in this Institute and chair of French, Spanish, and then Romance Philology Chair.

In Herzen State Pedagogical University R. Piotrowski was the chair of Applied Linguistics Unit with two laboratories: Language Engineering Laboratory and Machine Translation Laboratory, he organized an inter-university Centre of Theoretical and Applied Computer Researches in Philology and was its permanent director.