Thyroid: Complaints and Symptoms

The thyroid gland: a hormone-producing organ that is located in the neck. When the thyroid gland is not working properly, this is often noticeable to the weight of the person. The thyroid gland can work too slowly or too quickly, but other conditions can also occur. Which diseases and disorders can arise and what are the symptoms?

What is the thyroid gland?

The thyroid gland is located at the front of the neck, and lies ahead and to the side of the trachea, just below the larynx. The thyroid gland can sometimes be felt by going over the neck with your hands when a swallowing movement is made. However, not everyone can feel the thyroid gland well. Not feeling the thyroid therefore does not mean that there is no thyroid gland present.

The thyroid gland consists of two lobes. On this are the four parathyroid glands. The parathyroid glands have a different effect than the thyroid glands themselves and are also separate from each other. The thyroid itself appears to be the most butterfly because of its shape. The thyroid gland is made up of vesicles. Most people are born with a thyroid gland. However, in some cases there is no thyroid present at birth or only a small piece that lies behind the tongue bone.

Function of the thyroid gland

In the vesicles there is a colloid, which produces the thyroid hormone thyroxine. These hormones are released into the bloodstream as needed. Between and in the follicles there are other cells: the C-cells. These produce the hormone calcitonin.

How thyroid hormone works

Thyroxine, also known as thyroid hormone, is produced under the influence of a stimulating hormone from the pituitary lobe. This hormone is made with the help of iodine, which is absorbed from the blood as iodide. Thyroid hormone thyroxine is delivered to the blood as needed. It ensures the metabolism in the cells. This allows for normal growth and normal spiritual development.

The hormone calcitonin inhibits the breakdown of bone tissue. When there is a lot of calcium in the blood, the production of this hormone is increased.

Diseases and Conditions

The most common disorders of the thyroid gland are too fast thyroid gland or a too slow thyroid gland. In both cases there is a disturbance of the balance in the metabolism. This can cause overweight or weight loss.

Other conditions are the total absence of the thyroid gland or an underdeveloped thyroid gland. Furthermore, it can still occur:

thyroid cancer: occurs annually in about 320 people. A cyst or thyroid node (local swelling of the thyroid gland) can also occur. A goiter is an enlarged thyroid gland. Usually the thyroid works too quickly due to iodine deficiency and therefore swells. The thyroid gland can also completely fall out, causing it to stop working.


The symptoms that occur in a disorder or thyroid disease are very diverse. Nevertheless, a number of symptoms can be listed that are associated with a certain clinical picture:

Thyroid thickening, hoarseness, stuffiness: thyroid cancer

Weight loss, palpitations or irregular heartbeat, fatigue, trembling hands and feet, problems with heat, intestinal complaints, psychological complaints: thyroid gland is too fast

Weight gain, hair loss, bloating, cold, shortness of breath, muscle cramps, menstrual dysfunction, psychological complaints: too slow thyroid gland

Vibration, dizziness, chest tightness: cyst on the thyroid gland

Feeling like there is a lump in the throat: nodus

Feeling as if suffocating, the trachea is compressed, weight gain, tightness, dizziness, hair loss, dizziness, muscle cramps, flaky skin: stroma

Fast weight gain, poor condition, hypoklachten: non working thyroid gland

The above symptoms are only a small list of symptoms that can occur in thyroid problems. Usually there are multiple symptoms at the same time.