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Types of Scars and their Treatment

In scar formation, the connective tissue in the skin is damaged. There are different types, such as atrophic and hypertrophic scars. The treatment is also different. Scars, especially if they occur in the face, can be psychologically stressful. In addition to treatment, camouflage may also be possible.

Atrophic scars

These scars often show round pits in the skin, for example caused by acne. Over time, this type of scars will become more beautiful and less visible. Never squeeze pimples, as a result of which damage to the connective tissue can occur causing scarring.

Hypertrophic scars

The hypertrophic scars are thick and protrude above the skin surface. Unlike the atrophic scars, this type will often not look better over time. Hypertrophic scars can be red and painful and itchy. These scars can also increase in size.

This creates an abnormal and irregular increase in scar tissue in the skin. These scars are thick and can be colored red or darker than the rest of the skin. People with dark skin types are more likely to get this kind of scarring than people with a clear skin type. They can occur spontaneously or after skin damage.

Treatment of atrophic scars

Even without treatment, this kind of scars will become more beautiful. The extent to which the skin is damaged plays a role in this. With severe damage, years can pass before these scars look better.

Peelings

Generally, atrophic scars are treated with peels. Because the upper layer of skin is removed, cell division will be accelerated and a 'new layer' will come to the surface sooner. In the case of a chemical peel, an 'aggressive' substance is applied to the skin, causing it to peel off. After these peelings, the skin should not be exposed to sunlight.

Dermabrasion

With dermabrasion, a layer of the skin is removed. This used to be done with a kind of wire brush. Nowadays microdermabrasion is often used. Alumina crystals are applied to the skin with a device. Afterwards these are extracted again, resulting in removal of the upper skin layer. Because dermabrasion has to be done carefully, so that not too much of the skin layer is removed, often several treatments are needed.

Vitamin E

Regularly smearing the skin in the area of ​​the scar with skin oil or cream in which vitamin E has been processed would benefit the skin. This can take a long time before results are visible. An extra support would be taking natural vitamin E (wheat germ oil). The results of this are also not easily visible. Smearing with scar cream also does not produce results quickly in my own experience.

Treatment of hypertrophic scars

Hypertrophic scars are eligible for treatment with silicone. There are creams with silicones or silicone patches on the market. for example from the Dermatrix brand.

Other treatment methods

There are also other options for the treatment of hypertrophic and keloid scars, such as, for example: injecting with scar-reducing fluid and laser treatment. In consultation with a doctor it will have to be examined which treatment is most effective.

Camouflage

Redness or dark skin discoloration around the scar can lead to camouflage. There are beauticians and skin therapists who specialize in this. Special camouflage products and techniques are used. Because people can suffer from having scars, especially in the face, this camouflage therapy can provide a better appearance and a relief of the psychological burden.

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