Perineal Trauma

IMPROVING CARE FOR WOMEN WITH PERINEAL TRAUMA

What is perineal trauma?

Childbirth related perineal trauma is damage to the anatomy reaching from the symphysis pubis to the coccyx and across between both ischial tuberosities and is classified into degrees depending on the anatomical structures involved.

It is caused by either a surgical cut (episiotomy) and/or a natural tear.

Because of differences in definitions and practices, the reported rates of childbirth related trauma vary widely between countries. In the United Kingdom, of the 85% of women who sustain childbirth related perineal trauma (through either surgical episiotomy or spontaneous tear), 70% require suturing.