UNIT 3 : UNIVERSITÀ CATTOLICA DEL SACRO CUORE - MILANO
- EUGENI Ruggero Full Professor - Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore - Milano firstname.lastname@example.org (member from 22/11/2015)
- MANZOTTI Riccardo Confirmed Assistant Professor - Università IULM - Milano email@example.com (member from 04/12/2015)
UNIT RESEARCH SCOPE
Time perception and performativity in audiovisual experiences: editing, camera movements, action and narrative manipulations. A neurofilmological approach.
The unit explores the issue of the subjective experience of filmic and audiovisual time, adopting an interdisciplinary framework that combines traditional, theoretical and textual approaches to the moving images with contributions deriving from the fields of neurosciences and cognitive psychology (“neurofilmology”).
Resting on their technical features, filmic and audio-visual products can provoke spectators’ experience to shape original forms of temporal experiences, even in contradiction with the current rules of objectively measurable time. Among the different temporal alterations that audiovisual media and moving images are able to trigger, the unit is specifically interested in those occurring into the domains of time estimation and subjective perception of duration.
The research pays particular attention to hypotheses connecting these aspects of time elaboration to movement and action perception and performativity. Indeed, as recently suggested, neural mechanisms related to motor planning, execution, monitoring and perceiving might play a crucial role in shaping the subjective experience of time. Could the same mechanisms also affect time estimation and subjective perception of duration in the case of audiovisual experiences – for instance in the wake of the “embodied simulation” hypothesis?
Indeed, movement manifests in a particularly rich and manifold way in filmic and audio-visual products. The latter comprise not only the movements of diegetic subjects and objects, but also all those that can be identified as “discourse movements”: editing and camera movements, cuts, fades-in and fades-out, and other techniques enabling the images to progressively make their appearance on the screen. In addition to spatially segmenting the audio-visual flow, and most crucially for this research, those strategies articulate the latter in series of temporal events and impart the unfolding of the images its peculiar rhythmic structure.
On these bases, one of the unit’s most urgent goals is to clarify the ways in which these kinds of cinematic movements can influence spectators’ temporal experience. In order to achieve this goal, the unit will take action on three complementary fronts. First, it will reconsider and assess the theoretical debates on time experience, time hermeneutics, time estimation, filmic rhythm, event segmentation. Second, it will launch a series of experimental trials aimed at assessing, through data collection and analysis, the impact of several audio-visual factors on time estimation. Finally, it will build a more general theoretical account of the experience of filmic and audio-visual time that experimental data should both corroborate and continuously put to test.
Subjective time, time estimation, perceived duration, time perception
Audiovisual time, filmic time, cinematic time
Movement, motor planning, motor execution, motor observation, action, performativity, embodies simulation
Rhythm, pace, action, editing, camera movements, event segmentation.
RESEARCH, ACTIVITIES AND RESULTS DIFFUSION
- NOVEMBER 2nd-4th, 2017 - UNIVERSITY OF AMSTERDAM (AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS)
Worlding the Brain 2017: Affect, Care, Engagement
PRE-CONSTITUTED PANEL - TIME PERCEPTION IN THE AUDIOVISUAL EXPERIENCE
Eugeni Ruggero: "A Matter of Time. A Neurofilmological Approach to Time Estimation"
Cavaletti Federica: "Out of my Mind, Out of your Time. Psychopathological Distortions of Time in Real Life and Cinema"
D'Aloia Adriano: "When Time Flies. Measuring Time Estimation"
- SEPTEMBER 27th-30th, 2017 - PALAZZO GIAVANTI (NOTO, ITALY)
CODISCO X / / PRIN: PERFORMATIVE DIMENSIONS IN COGNITIVE SCIENCES
Eugeni Ruggero: "What Time is in? Subjective Perception of Time in the Audiovisual Experience" (research updates)
D'Aloia Adriano: "Che tempo che fa. Media audiovisivi ed esperienza del tempo"
Manzotti Riccardo: "Approcci neuroscientifici e fisicalisti alla cognizione e alla coscienza"
- JUNE 11th-14th, 2017 - AALTO UNIVERSITY (HELSINKI, FINLAND)
SCSMI (Society for Cognitive Studies of the Moving Image) Conference 2017
Eugeni Ruggero and D'Aloia Adriano: "What Time is in? Subjective Perception of Time in the Audiovisual Experience"
- MARCH 6th-7th, 2017 - UNIVERSITÈ JEAN MOULIN LYON 3 (LYON, FRANCE)
Journée d'études - L'empathie à l'épreuve de l'interface écran
Eugeni Ruggero: "Le temps réfléchi. Perception empathique du mouvement et expérience subjective du temps dans l’audiovisuel"