Introduction to eWalk Templates
Templates are user-defined data input patterns used to collect data.
Templates can be compared to questionnaires to which answers must be supplied or with forms that must be filled.
Each time a questionnaire is answered, data is supplied and collected.
One of several possible answers must be selected from a drop-down or a free format answer may be required.
Some questions expect numeric answers, while others expect text.
There are questions that require a yes or no answer, namely by checking or leaving unchecked a checkbox.
Each individual data collection session in connection to a template is called a walk-through.
Every walk-through starts by selecting the site (e.g. school) at which the walk-through is performed.
Data collected by walk-throughs include time stamps.
Templates may be anonymous, or they may target a subject i.e. a student or a staff member with specific duties at the school, namely one of the following:
If a template is not anonymous, each walk-through based on the template should indicate the name of the subject about whom information is being collected.
Each walk-through has an associated Start Date and an End Date.
Reports displays statistics and charts that summarize data collected during walk-throughs.
Reports can be configured by choosing a time interval for the reported data i.e. a report Report Start Date and a Report End Date.
Reports based on subject-targeting templates can be made to apply either to a specific subject or to all subjects.
If the walk-throughs based on a template target more than one site, the report can be based on any particular targeted site or group of targeted sites.
To understand better what templates are and how they can be used, their building blocks are briefly described below.
Templates use elements, checklists, filters and value lists to collect information.
Elements can be compared to questions that must be answered using, for example, drop-down lists, checkboxes and text and numeric input boxes.
Elements may include space for adding notes.
Checklists are groups of related checkboxes which may be attached to elements.
Filters are template building blocks that make possible to disaggregate data in reports
i.e. create reports that are based solely on data entered in conjunction with specific filter values.
Filters are optional, but they may greatly increase the value of reports. Templates may have up to two filters.
NOTE: One may also disaggregate data in relation to one arbitrarily selected checkbox or drop-down element.
Value Lists are user defined lists of values which may be used to define filters or rate the entities represented by checklists.
Example: A Simple Template
Name: Classroom Inspection
NOTE: It is always the case that a walk-through, irrespective of the template, is performed at a user-selected site (usually, a school).
NOTE: Each walk-through based on this template targets a teacher at the selected site.
Filter 1: Grade
Filter 2: Subject
As it can be seen, these two filters define lists of discrete values. During a walk-through,
exactly one grade and one subject should be selected. Using these filters makes possible
for reports to focus on certain grades and subjects, rather than cover all grades and subjects.
NOTE: Each of the two filters is based on a Value List.
Element #1: Use of technology
This element is a drop-down list, i.e. you may choose exactly one of several predefined items during a walk-through.
As all drop-down lists, this one includes a default choice, namely <n/a>.
Element #2: Positive Emotional Climate
This element is a label. Labels do not hold any information by themselves.
A checklist (i.e. a set of checkboxes) is attached to this label in the context of this template.
It is the checklist that is used to collect the information. The label is used as a mere anchor for the checklist.
Element #2 + Attached Checklist
This checklist includes several checkboxes, e.g. All relationships are valued, respected and supported and Recent student work is displayed.
The user may select any subset of the checkboxes i.e. all the checkboxes, some of them, or none.
Although functionally similar, these checkboxes, more properly named checklist elements, should not be mistaken for self-standing checkbox elements.
Element #3: Number of students off-task
This element is a numeric input box known as manual number input.
Use this element to enter a numeric value.
This element includes space for optionally adding a note:
Element #3 + Note Space