Village Institutions and Land Rights in Tanzania (VILART) Survey

The VILART Survey is a diagnostic survey that we conducted in 45 villages distributed evenly across 3 regions in Tanzania (Katavi, Kigoma and Mwanza). These three regions were selected due to their little distribution of land certificates (CCROs) based on records from the National Land Use Planning Commission (NLUPC). In each region, we randomly selected 15 villages from the 2012 Tanzanian census list of villages. They span 13 districts distributed evenly across the 3 regions.

The primary units of analysis are members of households and members of the village institutions (VI hereafter). Qualifying households have to be married, must have lived in the village for at least 10 years, must own and use land, and be non-refugees. Both the household head and (and one of) his/her spouse were interviewed. In each village, around 10 households per village were selected resulting in a sample size of 912 respondents interviewed.

We also conducted two types of survey of the members of the VIs. A community survey with several members of the VIs collected data on village socioeconomic and demographic characteristics, VIs composition and functioning, and village land rules. In addition, in each village, ten members of the VIs were interviewed individually for a total of 450 interviews.