Resources: Economic Geology

Geological Resource Agencies

Industry & Economics

Further Reading

      • 'Saudi America: The economics of shale oil' The Economist. 15 February 2014. Accessed online http://www.economist.com/news/united-states/21596553-benefits-shale-oil-are-bigger-many-americans-realise-policy-has-yet-catch?frsc=dg%7ca

Careers & Job Opportunites

Earth's Natural Resources

Those materials can and need to be extracted from the Earth's crust. These materials have properties that humans use to their benefit (to generate electricity, to make cars, to heat homes, to make jewelry, to generate chemicals used in industry, etc.)


Listen

Subsurface mapping techniques

Watch

Minerals, Ores, & Aggregates


Herkimer County, New York


Stream Dredging .... Yankee Fork, Idaho


Tunnel Mining .... Independence Gold Mine (near) Palmer, Alaska


Open Pit Mining ..... The Kennicott Strip Mine, Utah

Watch Minerals, Ores & Aggregates

o ‘Robots Replace Miners in Oz’ by The Salfordian, You Tube video ~ 3 min https://youtu.be/s0RCSX95QmE

Further Reading

Energy Resources - Extraction


Watch on You Tube

      • NASA’s Earth Minute: Gas Problem [NASA EarthMinute/YouTube] 1 min (CO2)
      • NASA’s Earth Minute: Earth Has A Fever [NASA EarthMinute/YouTube] 1 min (climate modeling)
      • Future360.tv: What are our energy options? [Future360TV’s channel/YouTube] 3 min
      • Future360.tv: Scaling Energy [Future360TV’s channel/YouTube] 3 min
      • Future360.tv: Energy Efficiency 101 [Future360TV’s channel/YouTube] 3 min
      • Future360.tv: Oil [Future360TV’s channel/YouTube] 3 min
      • Future360.tv: Natural Gas [Future360TV’s channel/YouTube] 3 min
      • Future360.tv: Nuclear [Future360TV’s channel/YouTube] 3 min
      • How Geothermal Energy Works [worldwebmanagement/YouTube] 2 min
      • Future360.tv: Hydropower [Future360TV’s channel/YouTube] 3 min
      • Future360.tv: Coal [Future360TV’s channel/YouTube] 3 min
      • Future360.tv: Wind [Future360TV’s channel/YouTube] 3 min
      • Future360.tv: Solar [Future360TV’s channel/YouTube] 3 min
      • Future360.tv: Biofuel’s [Future360TV’s channel/YouTube] 3 min
      • 3D Seismic [ge0physicsrocks/YouTube] 4:30 min
      • Oil and Gas Recovery Demonstration [aoldham29/YouTube] 1:30 min
      • Ground Drilling Animation [easytv/YouTube] 3:30 min
      • Animation of Hydraulic Fracturing (Fracturing) [MarathonOilCorp/YouTube] 6:30 min
      • Overview on Deep Water Drilling [Deepwater Positioning Operators/YouTube] 8 min


Hydraulic Fracturing


The Marcellus Shale Formation, Appalachians


Listen/Podcast


Coal .... A Fossil Fuel

Further Reading

      • The Carbon Age: How Life's Core Element has Become Civilization's Greatest Threat by Eric Rosten 557 R
      • The Map That Changed The World by Simon Winchester


Petroleum / Crude Oil ... A Fossil Fuel


Watch

      • 3D Seismic [ge0physicsrocks/YouTube] 4:30 min
      • 'Shell Ormen Lange - An industrial talke (full length movie)' [Shell/You Tube] ~ 11 min
      • Oil and Gas Recovery Demonstration [aoldham29/YouTube] 1:30 min
      • Ground Drilling Animation [easytv/YouTube] 3:30 min
      • Animation of Hydraulic Fracturing (Fracturing) [MarathonOilCorp/YouTube] 6:30 min
      • Overview on Deep Water Drilling [Deepwater Positioning Operators/YouTube] 8 min
      • Santa Barbara Oil Seeps’ [Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, Oceanus Magazine]
      • 3D Animated Oil Rig Visualization [TrinityAnimation/Vimeo.com] 1 min
      • 'Oil & Gas Well Casing' [OilDrillingLearn / YouTube] 6 min


Natural Gas .... A Fossil Fuel

Watch


Oil Shales & Sands ... Fossil Fuels


Gas / Methane Hydrates/ Clathrates


Listen / Podcast

Watch


Nuclear Energy ... an alternative


Geothermal Energy ... an alternative


Energy Sources at Earth's Surface

Solar Energy

Wind Energy

Hydropower


Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion

Hydrogen

Biomass

Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)