Adverse Childhood Experiences are Traumatic Incidents which impact children. These experiences occur before the age of 18 (and are remembered by that child as an adult). The link below leads to a scholarly review of a study which "found a strong graded relationship between the breadth of exposure to abuse or household dysfunction during childhood and multiple risk factors for several of the leading causes of death in adults".
This study begs the question: "How much of what ails us is Trauma related?"
The 10 ACEs the researchers measured were Physical, sexual and verbal abuse. Physical and emotional neglect. A family member who is depressed or diagnosed with other mental illness; addicted to alcohol or another substance; in prison. Witnessing a mother being abused. Losing a parent to separation, divorce or other reason.
Subsequent to the ACE Study, other ACE surveys have expanded the types of ACEs to include racism, gender discrimination, witnessing a sibling being abused, witnessing violence outside the home, witnessing a father being abused by a mother, being bullied by a peer or adult, involvement with the foster care system, living in a war zone, living in an unsafe neighborhood, losing a family member, etc. https://acestoohigh.com/aces-101/
Our colleague Marian Volkman wrote this excellent book on the subject of Metapsychology. We urge our clients to get a copy as it adds to the viewing experience immeasurably. The result of reading the book and doing the exercises is an able and educated viewer.