Principles of Photography

The Principles of Photography


You should not concentrate all of your image's components in one place. The main aim here is to emphasize the significance of equitable distribution and compensation. Ignore this, and the result will be unstable and awkward. Our brains prefer balanced images.

Emphasis (or Dominance)

Following the key principles of art and design, you should always highlight the most important element: the focal point. Its presence in the work aids viewers by first highlighting the important elements and then helping him see the rest.

Pattern (or Repetition)

With its regularity, repetition helps the audience understand the surroundings, whether in manufactured objects, organic materials, or abstract forms. Arrange the design in a predictable pattern that has already become your pattern naturally. A simple cycle continues a few elements but helps the overall concept work together.

Unity (and Harmony)

To ensure that all of the elements of the shot work together, think about your photographic goal ahead of time. Imagine the most magnificent result you could achieve, then use photography fundamentals to aim the camera. When you plan ahead, you have more time to understand your own idea and make the most of the shooting conditions, which results in better photos.


Contrast is one of the most important design principles in photography. When two components of the shot challenge each other—for example, dark versus light, cool versus warm—you can see the contrast. Contrast, however, does not only refer to shades of color. You can also demonstrate contrast with the help of texture. When you combine a few textures in a shot, it becomes more atmospheric and tactile.


One of the seven key photography principles is movement. In photography, it refers to the relationship between the subject and the shutter speed of the camera. In design and art, movement denotes the path of the viewer's eye as he or she observes and attempts to comprehend a shot.


Hierarchy as a design photography concept requires proper visual setup of the content. The most important information must be presented to the viewers first.