Manga, A., Madurka, P., Vakli, P., Kirwan, C. B., & Vidnyánszky, Z. (2021). Investigation of the relationship between feature binding in short- and long-term memory in healthy aging. Learning and Memory. https://10.1101/lm.052548.120

Nash, M. I., Hodges, C. B., Muncy, N. M., & Kirwan, C. B. (2021). Pattern Separation beyond the Hippocampus: A High-Resolution Whole-Brain Investigation of Mnemonic Discrimination in Healthy Adults. Hippocampus, 31, 408-421.

Carbine, K. A., Muir, A. M., Allen, W. D., LeCheminant, J. D., Baldwin, S. A., Jensen, C. D., Kirwan, C. B., & Larson, M. J. (2021). Does inhibitory control training reduce weight and caloric intake in adults with overweight and obesity? A pre-registered, randomized controlled event-related potential (ERP) study. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 136, 103784.


Kirwan, C. B., Bjornn, D. K., Anderson, B. B., Vance, A., Eargle, D., Jenkings, J. L. (2020). Repetition of Computer Security Warnings Results in Differential Repetition Suppression Effects as Revealed with Functional MRI. Frontiers in Psychology, 11.

Efraim, M., Bailey, B., Kirwan, C. B., Muncy, N. M., Tucker, & Kwon, S. (2020). Acute after-school screen time in children decreases impulse control and activation toward high-calorie food stimuli in brain regions related to reward and attention. Brain Imaging and Behavior.

Carbine, K. A., Duraccio, K. M., Hedges-Muncy, A. M., Barnett, K. A., Kirwan, C. B., & Jensen, C. D. (2020). White matter integrity disparities between normal-weight and overweight/obese adolescents: An automated fiber quantification tractography study. Brain Imaging and Behavior, 14, 308-319.


Stark, S. M., Kirwan, C. B., & Stark, C. E. L. (2019). Mnemonic Similarity Task: A tool for assessing hippocampal integrity. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 23(11), 938-951.

Hermann, P., Gál, V., Kóbor, I., Kirwan, C. B., Kovács, P., Kitka, T., Lengyel, Zs., Bálint, E., Varga, B., Csekő, Cs., & Vidnyánszky, Z. (2019). Efficacy of weight loss intervention can be predicted based on early alterations of fMRI food cue reactivity in the striatum. NeuroImage: Clinical, 23, 101803.

Jensen, C. D., Duraccio, K. M., Barnett., K. A., Carbine, K. A., Stevens, K., Muncy, N. M., & Kirwan, C. B. (2019). Sleep duration differentially affects brain activation in response to food images in adolescents with overweight/obesity compared to adolescents with normal weight. Sleep, 42(4), zsz001

Meservy, T., Fadel, K., Kirwan, C. B., Meservy, R. (2019). An fMRI exploration of information processing in electronic networks of practice. Management Information Systems Quarterly, 43(3), 851-872.


Carbine, K.A., Duraccio, K.M., Kirwan, C.B., Muncy, N.M., LeCheminant, J.D., & Larson, M.J. (2018). A direct comparison between ERP and fMRI measurements of food-related inhibitory control: Implications for BMI status and dietary intake. NeuroImage. 166:335-348. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2017.11.008

Vance. A., Jenkins, JL., Anderson, B.B., Bjornn, D.K., & Kirwan, C.B. (2018). Tuning Out Security Warnings: A Longitudinal Examination of Habituation through fMRI, Eye Tracking, and Field Experiments. Management Information Systems Quarterly. 43(2):1-26. doi: 10.25300/MISQ/2018/14124

Doxey, C.R., Hodges, C.B., Bodily, T., Muncy, N.M., & Kirwan, C.B. (2018) The Effects of Sleep on the Neural Correlates of Pattern Separation. Hippocampus. 28(2):108-120. doi: 10.1002/hipo.22814


Muncy, N.M., Hedges-Muncy, A., & Kirwan, C.B. (2017). Discrete pre-processing step effects in registration-based pipelines: A preliminary volumetric study on T1-weighted images. PLoS ONE. 12(10): e0186071. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0186071

Masterson, T.D., Kirwan, C.B., Davidson, L.E., Larson, M.J., Keller, K.L., Fearnbach, S.N., Evans, A., & LeCheminant, J.D. (2017). Brain Reactivity to Visual Food Stimuli after Moderate-Intensity Exercise in Children. Brain Imaging and Behavior. doi: 10.1007/s11682-017-9766-z

Wright, K.L., Kirwan, C.B., Gale, S.D., Levan, A.J., Hopkins, R.O. (2017). Long-term Cognitive and Neuroanatomical Stability in Patients with Anoxic Amnesia: A Case Report. Brain Injury. 31(5):709-716 doi: 10.1080/02699052.2017.1285051


Jensen, C.D., Duraccio, K.M., Carbine, K.A. Barnett., K.A., & Kirwan, C.B. (2016). Motivational impact of palatable food correlates with functional brain responses to food images in adolescents. Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 42(5):578-587. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsw091

Anderson, B.B., Jenkins, J.L., Vance, A., Kirwan, C.B., Eargle, D. (2016). Your Memory is Working Against You: How Eye Tracking and Memory Explain Habituation to Security Warnings. Decision Support Systems. 92:3-13. doi: 10.1016/j.dss.2016.09.010

Anderson, B.B., Vance, A., Kirwan, C.B., Jenkins, J.L., Eargle, D. (2016). From Warning to Wallpaper: Why the Brain Habituates to Security Warnings. Journal of Management Information Systems. 30(3):713-743. doi: 10.1080/07421222.2016.1243947

Anderson, M.L., James, J.R., & Kirwan, C.B. (2016). An Event-related Potential Investigation of Pattern Separation and Pattern Completion Processes. Cognitive Neuroscience. 8(1):9-23 doi: 10.1080/17588928.2016.1195804

Jenkins, J., Anderson, B.B., Vance, A., Kirwan, C.B. & Eargle, D. (2016). More Harm than Good? How Messages that Interrupt Can Make Us Vulnerable. Information Systems Research. 27(4):880-896. doi: 10.1287/isre.2016.0644

Vance, A., Anderson, B.B., Kirwan, C.B., & Eargle, D., Jenkins, J. (2016). How Users Perceive and Respond to Security Messages: A NeuroIS Research Agenda and Empirical Study. European Journal of Information Systems. 25:364-390. doi: 10.1057/ejis.2015.21

Larson, M.J., Clayson, P.E., Kirwan, C.B., & Weissman, D.H. (2016). Event-related Potential (ERP) Indices of Congruency Sequence Effects without Feature Integration. Psychophysiology. 53(6):814-822. doi: 10.1111/psyp.12625

Top, D.N, Stephenson, K., South, M.D., Doxey, C.R., & Kirwan, C.B. (2016). Atypical amygdala response to fear conditioning in autism spectrum disorder. Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging. 1(4):308-315. doi: 10.1016/j.bpsc.2016.01.008

Masterson, T.D., Kirwan, C.B., Davidson, L.E., & LeCheminant, J.D. (2016) Neural reactivity to visual food stimuli is reduced in some areas of the brain during evening hours compared to morning: an fMRI study in women. Brain Imaging and Behavior. 10:68-78. doi: 10.1007/s11682-015-9366-8


Anderson, B.B., Kirwan, C.B., Eargle, D., Jensen, S.R., Vance, A. (2015). Neural Correlates of Gender Differences and Color in Distinguishing Security Warnings and Legitimate Websites: A Neurosecurity Study. Journal of Cybersecurity. 1(1):109-120. doi: 10.1093/cybsec/tyv005

Levan, A., Black, G., Mietchen, J., Baxter, L., Kirwan, C.B., & Gale, S.D. (2015) Right Frontal Pole Cortical Thickness and Executive Functioning in Children with Traumatic Brain Injury: The Impact on Social Problems. Brain Imaging and Behavior. 10(4):1090-1095. doi: 10.1007/s11682-015-9472-7

South, M., Nielson, C.A., Stephenson, K.G., Maisel, M.E., Top, D.N., & Kirwan, C.B. (2015). Overactive Pattern Separation Memory Associated With Negative Emotionality in Adults Diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 45(11):3458-3467. doi: 10.1007/s10803-015-2547-x

Jensen, C.D., Duraccio, K.M., Carbine, K.A. & Kirwan, C.B. (2015). Topical Review: Unique Contributions of Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Pediatric Psychology Research. Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 41(2):204-209. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsv065

Doxey, C.R. & Kirwan, C.B. (2015). Structural and Functional Correlates of Behavioral Pattern Separation in the Hippocampus and Medial Temporal Lobe. Hippocampus. 25(4):524-533. doi: 10.1002/hipo.22389

Jensen, C.D. & Kirwan, C.B. (2015). Functional Brain Response to Food Images in Successful Adolescent Weight Losers Compared to Normal Weight and Overweight Controls. Obesity. 23(3):630-636. doi: 10.1002/oby.21004


Flom, R., Janis, R.B., Garcia, D.J. & Kirwan, C.B. (2014). The Effects of Exposure to Dynamic Expressions of Affect on 5-Month-olds' Memory. Infant Behavior and Development. 37(4):752-759. doi: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2014.09.006

Vance, A. Anderson, B., Kirwan, C.B., & Eargle, D. (2014). Using Measures of Risk Perception to Predict Information Security Behavior: Insights from Electroencephalography (EEG). Journal of the Association for Information Systems. 15(10):679-722. Available at:

Kirwan, C.B., Ashby, S.R., & Nash, M.I. (2014). Remembering and Imagining Differentially Engage the Hippocampus: A Multivariate fMRI Investigation. Cognitive Neuroscience. 5(3-4):1-9. doi: 10.1080/17588928.2014.933203

Smith, C.N., Jeneson, A., Frascino, J.C., Kirwan, C. B., Hopkins, R.O., & Squire, L.R. (2014). When recognition memory is independent of hippocampal function. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 111(27):9935-9940. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1409878111

Levan, A., Baxter, L., Kirwan, C.B., Black, G., & Gale, S.D. (2014). Right Frontal Pole Cortical Thickness and Social Competence in Children with Chronic Traumatic Brain Injury: Cognitive Proficiency as a Mediator. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation. 30(2):E24-31. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000040

South, M., Chamberlain, P.D., Wigham, S., Newton, T., Gray, L., Freeston, M., Parr, J., McConachie, H., Le Couter, A., Kirwan, C.B., & Rogers, J. (2014). Enhanced decision making and risk avoidance in young people with high-functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder. Neuropsychology. 28(2):222-228. doi: 10.1037/neu0000016


Shelton, D.J. & Kirwan, C.B. (2013). A possible negative influence of depression on the ability to overcome memory interference. Behavioral Brain Research. 256:20-26. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2013.08.016

Holden, H.M., Toner, C., Pirogovsky, E., Kirwan, C.B., & Gilbert, P.E. (2013). Visual Object Pattern Separation Varies in Older Adults. Learning and Memory. 20:348-351. doi: 10.1101/lm.030171.112

Larson, M.J., Gray, A.C., Clayson, P.E., Jones, R., & Kirwan, C.B. (2013). What are the Influences of Orthogonally-Manipulated Valence and Arousal on Performance Monitoring Processes? The Effects of Affective State. International Journal of Psychophysiology. 87(3):327-339. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2013.01.005


Motley, S.E & Kirwan, C.B. (2012). A Parametric Investigation of Pattern Separation Processes in the Medial Temporal Lobe. Journal of Neuroscience. 32(28):13076-13084. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5920-11.2012

Kirwan, C.B., Hartshorn, A., Stark, S.M., Goodrich-Hunsaker, N.J., Hopkins, R.O. & Stark, C.E.L. (2012). Pattern Separation Deficits following Damage to the Hippocampus. Neuropsychologia. 50:2408-2414. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2012.06.011


Jeneson, A., Kirwan, C.B., & Squire, L.R. (2010). Recognition without awareness: An elusive phenomenon. Learning and Memory. 17:454-459. doi: 10.1101/lm.1815010

Kirwan, C.B., Wixted, J.T., & Squire, L.R. (2010). A demonstration that the hippocampus supports both recollection and familiarity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 107(1):344-348. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0912543107

Jeneson, A., Kirwan, C.B., Hopkins, R.O., Wixted, J.T., & Squire, L.R. (2010). Recognition memory and the hippocampus: A test of the hippocampal contribution to recollection and familiarity. Learning and Memory. 17:852-859. doi: 10.1101/lm.1546110


Kirwan, C.B., Shrager, Y, & Squire, L.R. (2009). Medial temporal lobe activity can distinguish between old and new stimuli independently of overt behavioral choice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 106(34):14617-14621. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0907624106

Toner, C.K., Pirogovsky, E., Kirwan, C.B., & Gilbert, P.E. (2009). Visual object pattern separation deficits in nondemented older adults. Learning and Memory. 16:338-342. doi: 10.1101/lm.1315109


Kirwan, C.B., Wixted, J.T., & Squire, L.R., (2008). Activity in the medial temporal lobe predicts memory strength, whereas activity in the prefrontal cortex predicts recollection. Journal of Neuroscience. 28(42):10541-10548. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3456-08.2008

Shrager, Y., Kirwan, C.B., & Squire, L.R. (2008). Activity in both hippocampus and perirhinal cortex predicts the memory strength of subsequently remembered information. Neuron, 59(4):547-553. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2008.07.022

Shrager, Y., Kirwan, C.B., & Squire, L.R. (2008). The neural basis of the cognitive map: path integration does not require hippocampus or entorhinal cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 105(33):12034-12038. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0805414105

Bakker, A., Kirwan, C.B., Miller, M.I., & Stark, C.E.L. (2008). Pattern Separation in the human hippocampal CA3 and dentate gyrus subfields. Science. 319(5870):1640-1642. doi: 10.1126/science.1152882

Kirwan, C.B., Galvan, V.V., Bayley, P.B., & Squire, L.R. (2008). Detailed Recollection of Remote Autobiographical Memory After Damage to the Medial Temporal Lobe. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 105(7):2676-2680. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0712155105


Kirwan, C.B., Jones, C.K., Miller, M.I., & Stark, C.E.L. (2007). High-Resolution fMRI Investigation of the Medial Temporal Lobe. Human Brain Mapping 28(10):959-966. doi: 10.1002/hbm.20331

Kirwan, C.B., & Stark, C.E.L. (2007). Overcoming interference: An fMRI investigation of pattern separation in the medial temporal lobe. Learning and Memory 14(9):625-633. doi: 10.1101/lm.663507


Kirwan, C.B., Gilbert, P.E., & Kesner, R.P. (2005). The role of the hippocampus in spatial location retrieval. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory 83(1):65-71. doi: 10.1016/j.nlm.2004.08.001


Kirwan, C.B., & Stark, C.E.L. (2004). Medial temporal lobe activation during encoding and retrieval of novel face-name pairs. Hippocampus 14(7):919-930. doi: 10.1002/hipo.20014


Kirwan, C.B., & Bodily, T. (2017). Network Connectivity. In J. Kreutzer, J. DeLuca & B. Caplan (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology (pp. 1-2). Cham: Springer International Publishing. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_9070-1

Kirwan, C.B., & Bodily, T. (2017). Network Edges. In J. Kreutzer, J. DeLuca & B. Caplan (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology (pp. 1-2). Cham: Springer International Publishing. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_9071-1

Kirwan, C.B., & Bodily, T. (2017). Network Hubs. In J. Kreutzer, J. DeLuca & B. Caplan (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology (pp. 1-2). Cham: Springer International Publishing. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_9073-1

Kirwan, C.B., & Bodily, T. (2017). Network Nodes. In J. Kreutzer, J. DeLuca & B. Caplan (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology (pp. 1-2). Cham: Springer International Publishing. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_9072-1

Kirwan, C.B. (2016) Cognitive Neuroscience. in H.L. Miller (Ed.) The SAGE Encyclopedia of Theory in Psychology. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Kirwan, C.B. & Nash, M.I. (2015) Resolving Interference: The Role of the Human Hippocampus in Pattern Separation. In Jackson, P. A., Chiba, A. A., Berman, R. F., & Ragozzino, M. E. (Eds.) The Neurobiological Basis of Memory: A System, Attribute, and Process Analysis (A Festschrift in Honor of Raymond P. Kesner). New York, NY: Springer.