Joël Cariolle

Ph.D in Economics

Short Biography

I have received my Ph.D. from the CERDI – University Clermont-Auvergne (Clermont-Ferrand, France). I am Research Fellow at the Foundation for international development study and research (Ferdi, Clermont-Ferrand, France).

Research fields

  • Development Economics
  • International Economics
  • Applied Statistics and Econometrics

Research questions

Strengthening regional integration is a major issue for Africa as a whole, and for the countries of the CFA franc zone in particular. In partnership with the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) and the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) Commissions, I am in charge at the Ferdi to coordinate researches on regional integration in these areas, to bring support to WAEMU's statistical apparatus, and to build a state commitment to regional integration index.

Since the 2000's, the worldwide deployment of fiber optic submarine cables (SMC) has triggered the expansion of the digital economy in many developing countries. However, the increasing reliance on Information and Communication Technologies has made them vulnerable to failures in the telecommunication SMC network. This research project aims to study i) the impact of SMC deployment on the telecommunication sector and the whole economy, as well as ii) the new (digital) vulnerabilities related to this deployment.

Corruption is a complex and multi-faceted phenomenon, hard to define, to measure and to tackle. For decades, it has received wide attention from sociologists, political scientists, legal scholars, and economists, and significant resources have been devoted by governments, the civil society, and International Institutions to measure it and to combat it. This research project intends to adopt novel approaches for the study of corruption determinants and prevalence, using novel databases and/or new empirical tools.

Structural economic vulnerability can be defined as the likelihood that a country’s economic development could be hindered by unforeseen exogenous shocks. Economic vulnerability of developing countries, to which the instability of exports is a major contributor, has been an important issue in the development literature for around 50 years. The international development agenda has thus been strongly affected by the debate about economic vulnerability, which have given a new impetus to various vulnerability measurements. Among these measurements, the Economic Vulnerability Index (EVI) is a well-recognized measure of the structural vulnerability of developing countries, developed by the Ferdi, and regularly used and published by the United Nations for cross-country comparison purposes, primarily to review the list of Least Developed Countries (LDCs). I have been in charge at Ferdi, with the collaboration of the UN-DESA, of building the first annual retrospective series of the Economic Vulnerability Index (EVI).



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