Terminology

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Japanese Terminology

Here are some Japanese words that are often used in the dojo.

Counting

One / First Ichi / Sho Six / Sixth Roku

Two / Second Ni Seven / Seventh Shichi

Three / Third San Eight / Eighth Hachi

Four / Fourth Shi / Yon Nine / Ninth Ku

Five / Fifth Go Ten / Tenth Ju

General

Agree, understand, yes, hello - Osu! Pulling hand (back hand) - Hikite

Begin - Hajime Ready - Yoi

Belt - Obi

Ready for action (take up position) - Kamaete Relax - Enoy

Blue - Ao Red - Aka

Bow - Rei

Bow to the front - Shomen ni rei Reverse - Gyaku

Bow to teacher / instructor - Sensei ni rei Right - Migi

Bow to each other - Otagai ni rei Senior (one's senior) - Sempai

Distancing - Ma-ai Spiritual shout - Kiai

Focusing the muscles (tension) - Kime Stop (finish) - Yamae

Front - Mae Teacher - Sensei

Grade (below black belt) - Kyu Techniques - Waza

Half front facing position - Hanmi Training hall - Dojo

Jacket (karate suit) - Gi Turn - Mawate

Karate practitioner - Karateka Way - Do

Line up! - Seiretsu White - Shiro

Main dojo / HQ - Hombu Master - Shihan

Meditation - Mokuso


Punches (Zuki) Kicks (Geri)

age zuki - rising punch mae geri - front kick

choku zuki - straight punch mawashi geri - round-house kick

gyaka zuki - reverse punch mikazuki geri - crescent kick

oi zuki - stepping punch tobi geri - jump kick

kagi zuki - hook punch ushiro geri - back kick

kizami zuki - jab yoko geri - side kick

mawashi zuki - round-house punch keage - snap kick

yama zuki - mountain punch kekomi - thrust kick

Blocks (Uke)

age uke - rising block

gedan barai - downward block

haiwan uke - back arm block

morote uke - double arm block

shuto uke - knife hand block

soto uke - outside block

uchi uke - inside block