Most Beautiful Squares of Iran
The Naqsh-e Jahan Square can be considered architecturally and geographically, as one of the rare monuments of the world.
In Naqsh-e Jahan Square, famous monuments such as Shah Mosque, Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, Ali Qapu Mansion and Qaisarie Bazaar are from the Safavid era.
Amir Chakhmaq Complex is one of the most beautiful architectural and tile works of the nineteenth century. The Amir Chakhmaq is very much beyond what we now know about the concept of the square. This square can be considered an ancient city alone, and it is absolutely essential for those who go to Yazd.
known as Shahiyad Square before the Revolution, is the largest square in Tehran. Azadi Tower has become a symbol of Iran due to this beautiful architecture. Each section of this unique structure refers to one of the historical periods in Iran. For example, the foundations of the Achaemenid architecture, the main arch of the Sasanian architecture and the high arch of the architecture of the post-Islam period have been inspired.
Squares of Iran
The square is said to be in open air in the Persian language, which is the intersection of several streets in cities and villages, which were used as a gathering place for people or for the flow of traffic. Of course, in the Persian language, there are different definitions of the square, which means that the square is sometimes used to fight, sometimes to buy and sell, and sometimes to cross the passage. In a general definition; Squares in the past have vast open spaces along the roads or intersections of roads and streets that have social, communicative, commercial, governmental, military or a combination of two or more functions. Other Squares of operation in the past include: public square, neighborhood square, sports Square, outbuilding square, urban square, area square, neighborhood square.
- General Square in Iran
- These squares were a gathering place for people, so public spaces such as mosques, waterfalls, water storage, commercial spaces, markets, bathrooms, and schools were built in these squares.
- Commercial area as square
- In addition to the public square, large cities have one or more business Squares, some of which were the place of sale of certain goods, especially livestock and their necessities.
- Governorate square
- Most used for military exercises, sanction and military parades, or the punishment of criminals.
- Neighborhood Square
- These squares were located in the center of the neighborhoods, in two directions, a crossroads or as a square at the intersection of several ways or along the road.
- Communication Square
- These Squares were also known as reliance.
- Sports Square in Iran
- These Squares were dedicated to sporting events such as the Horseback Riding.
- Extra-city Square
- A number of commercial Squares, such as sheep stores, fruit Squares, or some military Squares, were established outside the city.
- Urban Squares in Iran
- These Squares were located next to or along the main roads leading to a city gate.
- Regional Areas as square
- Specified for a metropolitan area, in most cases, there were commercial areas of the city, such as the fruit Square.
- Neighborhood Squares
- Some neighborhoods were divided into small units with the name of passage, koy, and so on, where they were called neighborhood units. In these neighborhoods, at the intersection of their main roads, there were squares and alleys that were called neighborhoods.
But today the function of the Squares has changed, and most of the classical functions of the Squares have been transferred to cultural-commercial buildings and complexes, and the various social functions of the past can no longer be expected. By increasing the traffic of cars in the cities, the phenomenon of street traffic caused, at the intersection of the axes, the gates instead of the Squares in the form of distribution of vehicles.
The most important urban squares of Iran are: Major Qapu Square in Ardebil, Isfahan Shrine Square, Isfahan Square, Isfahan Atiq Square, Azadi Square in Tehran.