About a third of Iran's territory is mountainous. Iran's mountains belong to the third era of geology, and some of them have caused the formation of hot and mineral water springs with volcanic origin.
The most important mountain range of Iran is Alborz and Zagros, and the highest peak in Iran, Damavand, is located 5671 meters high in the north-east of Tehran. The most important peaks of Sabalan are 4880 meters high in the west of the country, Sahand with 3707 meters high in southern Tabriz, Takht-e-Soleiman with a height of 4820 meters in Mazandaran, Zardkuh with a height of 4550 meters in Chahar Mahal and Bakhtiari, Dena with 4309 meters in height Yasuj and Taftan with a height of 3941 meters in the south of Zahedan, each of which naturally has certain characteristics.
In general, the mountains of Iran consist of four main courses, the northern mountains or the Alborz Mountains, the Zagros Mountains, the central mountains and the eastern mountains.
Mount Damavand, which is known as the highest mountain in Iran and the Middle East, as well as the highest volcanic peak in Asia, is located in northern Iran. Mount Damavand is located in the north of Iran, in the central part of the Alborz mountain range in the south of the Caspian Sea and in the Larijan district of Amol city.
A mountain range with over 160 peaks above 4000 meters, with glaciers and a modest wall in the world. Alamkuh is a mountain named with a height of 4850 meters, located in the Takht-e-Solomon area of Mazandaran province. Mount Alamkuh is the second highest peak in Iran after Damavand. Most of the reputation of this summit is due to the wall located on the northern slopes and has the most technical and hardest climbing and climbing paths in Iran. This wall in Iran has a place like K2 in the world.
Binalud Peak is the most famous mountain in Khorasan province, which is 3211 meters high and is located a few kilometers north of Neyshabur city. Binalud, part of the Alborz mountain range, is known as the roof of Khorasan. This mountain is located between Neyshabur and Mashhad, and due to the fact that it is located in warm and dry areas, it has relatively significant rainfall, about 400-5000 mm in annual precipitation. From other peaks of this mountain range, it is possible to mention Shirbad (3250 m high), Faleskeh (3100) and quchgar(3050). In the northern part of it there is a subtropical mountain range with rocky valleys and depths of 200 to 300 meters. The most famous and the most water-filled them are Aklamad village and its waterfalls, which the height of the main waterfall reaches 40 meters.
Shir Kuh(Taft) peak with 4075 meters height in Yazd province, which is located in the center of Iran and is surrounded by desert on all sides. Shir Kuh Peak is one of the 1515 most prominent peaks in the world. Although it is mentioned in terms of the division of the individual mountains of Iran, it is in fact part of the central mountain range. Due to its proximity to desert, this peak has strong and dry winds on some days of the year.
It is the fourth largest mountain in Iran and the highest peak in the south of the country. The 900-square-kilometer mountain range consists of the Sar Boneh and Sarmeshk mountains, which are connected to the Lalehzar mountains in the west and to the Bahr Aseman mountain in the south. Hazar in Persian means 1000. Hazar Mountain, due to its diverse vegetation, is called by this name. The highest residential area in Iran is the village of Bab Zangi in the city of Rayen. The height of Bab Zangi village is 3309 meters, which is located in Hazar mountain. Several families live in the village, and the villagers make their vows at the top of the mountain.
Alborz mountain chain
Alborz mountain range with an area of 51,500 square kilometers is located in the northern part of Iran. This mountain range, which begins from the southwest of the Caspian Sea, passes through the south of the Caspian Sea to the north of Khorasan, is divided into three parts of the mountains of the southwest of the Caspian Sea, the Alborz mountain range and the northern mountains of Khorasan. In addition to placing the highest point of Iran, Mount Damavand, with a height of 5671 meters in this mountain range, you can mention the mountains such as Kalam-e-Kuh, Siahlan, Paloun Neck, Shahvar, Sabalan, Sahand.
The Zagros Mountain Range, with an area of 323,000 square kilometers, is the longest mountain range in Iran. This mountain range, which covers the west, southwest, and part of the south of the country, starts from Ararat in Turkey and extends from the northwest to the southeast and the Sari Dash Mountains, Chehel Cheshmeh, Panjeh Ali, Peru, Alvand Bakhtiari Mountains, Poshtokh, Pishkv, Oshtaran Mountain and Zardukh Mountains. The highest peak of the Zagros mountain range is Dinara Mountain or Dena with a height of 4409 meters. The highest mountains of this mountain range include the mountains of the slave Rish, Shahour, Peru, Alvand, Oshtrankouh, Zardkouh and Mount Faraghan.
Central mountain range
The central Iranian mountain range, with the northwest-southeast direction, has been stretched to the center of Iran in the long wall from Kashan to the central highlands of Balochistan. This mountain range with an area of about 143 thousand square kilometers consists of two main mountain ranges called Ghahrood mountain range and Banan mountain range. Ghahrood mountain range extends from south Tehran and near Kashan to Kerman, and the Banan mountain range, which is the mountain range of Ghahrood, extends from southern Kerman to Makran and Baluchestan areas. Among the most important Iranian central mountains are: Gaflanokuh, Karkas Mountains, Nayin Mountains, Laleh Zar, Shirkouh, Povar, Bahareh Mountains, Thousand, Bahman Mountains and Mount Bahman.
Oriental mountain Range
The eastern mountain range with the northern-southern direction has discontinuous heights that start from the north of Khorasan and extend to Sistan and Baluchestan province. The highest peak of this mountain range is the Taftan single and volcanic peaks with a height of 4110 meters. The most important feature of this mountain is the presence of white smoke above the summit, indicating that the volcano is active in this mountain. Other mountains of this mountain range should be from the mountains of Bazman, Bagheran, Ahangaran, forty tons, Binalod and a thousand mosques.