Coasts of Iran

Valley of Imagination

There are stones in different shapes, with a few hundred meters to the beach, in the way that the silver sandstones shine. Each of these amazing gems is likened to an animal with the imagination of viewers; one on the sheep, the other, a chicken and a cock, and, to your liking, the dragon-shaped stones in various states.

It can be seen from the shape of rocks that over the course of thousands of years, the island of Hormuz has gradually emerged from the water, the process of erosion on them has played.

The Red coast of Hormuz Island, the only Iranian edible coast and one of the special wonders of the Persian Gulf

The island of Hormuz is Red shade next to blue sky.

The most exciting point of the world. Darak When the sea is in the desert.

Imagine walking on the sandy beaches and filling your ears with short and long waves, and the sea breeze breathes your face, when you suddenly feel the softness of the sand on your feet, and when you look up, you see the palm trees and deserts.

The Khazar Sea or the Mazandaran Sea, is a watershed from the south to Iran, from the north to Russia, from the west to Russia and Azerbaijan, and from the east to the republics of Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan.

The Caspian Sea, sometimes the largest lake in the world, and sometimes the smallest self-sufficient Sea of ​​the Earth, is the largest enclosed water zone. Its length is about 1030 to 1200 kilometers and its width is between 196 and 435 kilometers. The level of the Caspian Sea is lower than the free sea level and is now 26, 5 to 28 meters below sea level. The coastline of the sea is about 7,000 kilometers, its area is 371 to 386 thousand square kilometers (one and a half times the size of the Persian Gulf) and its volume of water is 78,700 kilometers.

The Caspian Sea was in the past part of the Tethys Sea connecting the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean. From about 50 to 60 million years ago, the sea was gradually closed to the Pacific Ocean and then to the Atlantic Ocean. In 1952, the Soviet Union joined the Dan and Volga River with the creation of artificial waterways, so that small ships could go from the Caspian Sea to the Azov Sea and the Black Sea. So the Caspian Sea returned to the Free Seas.

The northern part of this sea is very small, so that only half a percent of the water is located at the north side of the sea and its depth is less than 5 meters on average. About 130 rivers flow into the sea, most of them from the northwest to the sea. The largest of them is the Volga River, which averages 241 cubic kilometers of water per year into the Caspian Sea. The rivers Kura 13, Atrak 8.5, Ural 8.1 and Sulak 4 kilometers of cubic meters of water enter the sea annually.

The nature of the Caspian Sea has made it unique to plants and animals, but at the same time has made it vulnerable to agricultural, industrial and oil pollution.

The sea is very rich in oil and gas resources and its oil reserves range from 17 to 35 billion barrels. Part of the oil from the Baku oil field, the capital of the Azerbaijani Republic, is transported through the Baku-Tbil-Ceyhan pipeline to the Mediterranean coast.

The Persian Gulf of 240,000 square kilometers, after the Gulf of Mexico and Hudson, is the third largest bay in the world, located in southern Iran. Neighbors from the Gulf can be found in the west of Kuwait and Iraq, and south of Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates. The name of the Persian Gulf has varied in various historical periods. In the Assyrian inscriptions of the Persian Gulf, "NarMarto" means "bitter sea". During the Sasanian times, it was called the Pars Sea, and some Greek historians and geographers from the Persian Gulf called Persia called the Persian Gulf, and finally, the Muslim scholars have mentioned it in Persian or Persian alphabet.

The most important Gulf islands are Abu Musa, the Great Tunb, Little Tunb, Kharg, Qeshm, Kish, Lavan.

Oman sea

The Oman Sea is said to be in the geography of today the Blue Plain connecting the Persian Gulf through the eastern Strait of Hormuz to the Arabian Sea or the Makran Sea. The eastern shores of Iran are located north of the sea and the northern part of Amman and a small part of the Emirate in the south. Officially known as Gulf of Oman in international organizations and other languages. But in the Islamic geography of the Oman Sea, which in the past included the current region of the Arabian Sea, it was sometimes referred to as the Sea of ​​Makrens and the Sea of ​​Lazher.

The Oman Sea has come into existence in the southwestern Asia of Iran, Pakistan, Oman and the United Arab Emirates following the advance of the Indian Ocean. It is also the gateway to the Gulf and the Indian Ocean. The length of the coast of the Oman Sea in Iran, from the Bay of Goethe to Bandar Abbas, is 784 kilometers. The small ports of Jask, Chabahar and Goetar are seaside ports of merchants and seafarers, and are one of the major cities of the Oman Sea, Chabahar and Jask.

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