Castles of Iran
The castle in ancient Persia has a special place; the castles that stand in the history of the bustle and downfall of this land and are now entrusted to our generation. Strong fortresses in which there are thousands of mysteries and bitter and sweet facts.
Rudkhan is the castle's name belonging to the Seljuk period, which is built over the forest highlands of Fomen County in the beautiful village of Rudkhan and has 2.6 hectares of land, and 65 rainforests and walls with a length of 1500 meters. The castle is located at an altitude of 665 to 715 meters above sea level, along with a river with the same name.
The Arg-e Bam, the world's largest brick building, is one of the most important and most valuable historical landmarks of Iran. The predecessors of this massive historical complex built on a large rock near Bam city in Kerman province.
The most important ancient monument from the Sassanid period is the Rayen Castle(Arg), with a square plan with a total area of more than twenty-two thousand square meters and a forty four thousand square meters of living space. The Rayen Castle(Arg) is one of the world's largest masonry buildings. This large monument with a surface area of more than twenty-two thousand square meters is the second largest brick building in the world after the Bam Castle, which hosts thousands of domestic and foreign tourists each year.
The magnificent Furg Citadel or the Mirza Rafi Khan Castle, which has fortunately been largely free from the destructive natural and artificial disasters of the time, shines like a royal monument among the ancient and historical monuments of South Khorasan Province. Furg Citadel is one of the most important historical fortresses in the country and one of the most significant monuments of Iran.
About Iran's Castles
The political and economic security of Iran, due to its geographical location and its location on the Silk Road, has always been considered, threatened and invaded by various ethnic groups and governments, although in prehistoric times and in the first millennium BC human beings were immune Stay away from the attack of the bandits and wild animals around the villages, but later it was pulling the wall to defend the enemy's invasion. Today, throughout Iran, there are remnants of tight fences and residential castles that show the Iranians' tact against enemy invasions.
The castles built in Iran were flanked and mountainous due to their geographical location and weather conditions, and therefore the building materials used in them were also different. Castles in the plain areas are usually square or square rectangles with circular towers in four corners. The materials used in this kind of castles were mostly mud and clay and were used less bricks and gypsum. Its walls were made of laminate with thick bricks. In most cases, the diameter and thickness of some of these raindrops reached four meters. Inside the castle there are stranded alleys, all of which pass through the main castle, in the castle. Some of these castles were dug around and moving bridges were used to reach the castle. In the plain castles, houses were built in two floors, which used the first floor to hold livestock or a warehouse of food and kitchen, and the second floor was used as living rooms.
Mountain forts were built on top of mountains and heights. In this type of castle, castles are usually made of uncut stones, such as mountain or river stones, with sliced gypsum or sandstone. There were deep abyss around these kind of castles, which was so severe that these heights made it difficult to carry siege devices around the walls, and increased the dominance of the castle guard and the soldiers on the invaders. At the end of the towers and in some parts of the walls, there are congresses that were specially for the archers to target the gates of the congresses.
Among the most important castles in Iran are: Sialkh Fence in Kashan, Hasanlu castle in Urumia, Boulevard in Khoy, Falak Olafakl Castle in Khorramabad, Palangan Castle in Kamyaran, Alamut Castle near Qazvin, Castle of Rudkhan in Gilan Fur castle in Birjand, Narin Castle in Yazd, Marco Castle in Ramsar, Ghahga Castle in Meshkin Shahr and hundreds of other castles.