Theory of Knowledge

All-in-one resource

The above site has been placed here not because it's the absolute best, but because it offers literally everything and it would be quite pointless to keep linking this site again and again. It offers:

  • Detailed notes on Ways of Knowing/Areas of Knowledge as well as examples for each one
  • Detailed advice for TOK Presentation and Essays as well as Grade A examples for both
  • Past TOK essay questions
  • Other thought provoking articles
  • A lengthy list of links to other philosophy/TOK/Possible websites for finding Real Life Situations.
  • Other useful miscellaneous information

So yes, due to the wealth of resources and information available on this website, it's definitely worth checking out.


Presentation Structure

Exemplar Presentations

Presentation Planning Document (PPD)

Common Mistakes

  • Obviously TOK is a really subjective subject, and what works for one examiner may not work for another. But in general, here is some stuff off the top of my head that you should definitely avoid doing
    • using overused and generic examples (e.g. abortion, evolution vs creationism). It is a lot more beneficial for you to find fresh examples, and it just shows you've done your research.
    • making generalizations/assumptions. Just no. If you absolutely must (i cry) make it very clear that you understand that there are always exceptions. But no. Please don't use a generalization/assumption to support your points.
    • having a definite conclusion

The above document was provided by mango#7926


Essay Tips

  • Word Count:
    • Straight from the ToK guide: "Essay length The maximum length of the essay is 1,600 words. Extended notes, extensive footnotes or appendices are not appropriate to a TOK essay and may not be read. The word count includes the main part of the essay, any quotations. The word count does not include: any acknowledgments, the references (whether given in footnotes, endnotes or in-text), any maps, charts, diagrams, annotated illustrations or tables, the bibliography."

Essay Structure

Exemplar Essays

Planning and Progress Form (PPF)

  • 1st reflection: your initial exploration of the titles and why you chose your title, unpacking the question and how your teacher guided your thoughts
  • 2nd reflection: your exploration of the chosen title so far in the process of writing your first draft, essay planning or outlining, choosing RLS and coming up with claims and how your teacher helped you refine or redirect you
  • 3rd reflection: possibly after the first draft, any feedback your teacher gave about how to develop your claims better, a critical reflection of your exploration entirely.

PPF notes courtesy of jv#0180 and mythic_fci#1141

Additional Resources

Knowledge Questions

The above image was provided by jv#0180

The above image was provided by Shanah#1009

The above image was provided by #fritzzes#2041

Philosophy vs TOK

  • It's always a good idea to get a better understanding of philosophy when doing TOK, even though they are NOT the same. TOK extracts a lot of concepts from philosophy, however, and using some of the concepts of philosophers can definitely boost how strong your argument becomes in TOK. U'll also notice that what you are trying show in TOK, is sometimes dealt in a completely different fashion or in a better fashion by these concepts, so its always a good idea to read up on it. Applies to both essay and presentation. Here's one link for starters:

Fallacies/Cognitive Biases