Caffeinated drinks During Pregnancy
There is no question that many of us love our morning hours cups of coffee, or tea. Caffeine wakes all of us from our slumber and helps us become notify for the challenging day ahead. The true question, which is very important for a pregnant woman to understand is why, and how, caffeine influences the mother's body-and the following affect of the cup of coffee, tea or hot chocolate to her unborn child.
Products that contain caffeine, such as espresso, tea, and chocolate are among the most used and common products consumed in the world and its utilization may date as far back as 3000 BC, in China. While caffeine is known to be a natural pesticide that paralyzes and kills bugs feeding on certain plant life, it's sustained popularity comes from its unique physiologic and pharmacologic properties. Inside other words, caffeine consists of chemicals Holzfenster that contain a deep stimulating affect on the nervous system, as well as many other human being bodily processes.
Caffeine's stimulant properties may:
affect the key nervous system leading to increased alertness and excitement levels.
cause an increased heart rate.
have a diuretic affect that may guide to increased urination.
impact the muscular system positively through increased coordination and capacity to perform physical labor but can also influence the muscular system adversely in higher doses, as it can also business lead to tremors.
have mental effects which can increase short term memory but decrease permanent memory.
increase the effectiveness of other drugs, such as headache medications, and can help overcome drowsiness from antihistamines.
What happens to the baby when a product containing caffeine is consumed?
Caffeine is absorbed by the stomach and small intestine within 45 minutes of ingestion. It passes across readily to the placenta, accumulating in both the fetus and amniotic liquid. It is metabolized three times more slowly in expecting mothers compared to non-pregnant women, enabling greater, and longer lasting, accumulation in the fetus.
Caffeine also significantly decreases blood circulation in the placental villi, (small projections which help increase absorption of nutrients) through constriction of the ships. Keep in mind that the fetus gets everything it needs from blood flow including nutrition, oxygenation, and so forth and, if these boats become constricted, the fetus gets less of everything required for growth and development. Consequently, it is thought that maybe this constriction can possibly lead to reduced growth and can be associated with reduced development later on in life-or even stillbirth.
Considering the quantity of caffeine consumed, knowing whether caffeine is harmful in pregnancy is a significant public health issue. Many studies have recently been written about the safety of caffeine in being pregnant most concluding that no malformations have been attributed to caffeine consumption and that most scientists assume that caffeine is not a teratogen (an agent or factor that causes malformations in a embryo) in humans.
Nevertheless , concerns regarding harmful outcomes have stemmed from creature and human studies which have shown decreased intrauterine fetal growth, lower birth dumbbells (less than 2500 grams), and skeletal abnormalities. (Vlajinac, 1997; Caan, 1989). Additional studies have shown no association between caffeine use and adverse outcomes in pregnancy. (Linn, 1982; Bech 2007, Clausson, 2000) Outcomes of these sorts of studies are always questionable because many have been retrospective studies; those being studies that depend after patient recollection, vary in the amounts of caffeine consumed, have differing sources of coffee (coffee, tea, chocolate, medication), and have different methods of preparation and serving sizes.
Other studies have correlated specific quantities of caffeine consumed as being the identifying factor of risk. (Fenster, 1991)
It is known, however, that caffeine is readily transferred into human milk and for that reason breast feeding mothers, who consume caffeine, may cause stimulatory effects in young children.
In 1980, the United States Food and Drug Administration advised expecting mothers to avoid caffeine that contain foods and drugs, or make use of them sparingly.
The UNITED KINGDOM Food Standards Agency has recommended that ladies limit caffeine intake to under 200 mg of caffeine each day, which is equivalent to 2 cups of instant of coffee.