Multilevel influence of society's pro-environmental Behavior: case of the Cikapundung Citrus basin in West Java.
Indriyani Rachman, Laksamana Rayhan Utomo , Toru Matsumoto (The University of Kitakyushu)
Environmental conservation is everyone’s responsibility. Worsening condition of environment causing our lifestyle to change. Inconsideration from society about their own environment also made the deterioration of the environment quality, for example air pollution, river pollution, and solid waste. In response to the problem, Government of Indonesia has started environmental education since 1975. This initiative is a collaboration between the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Environment. Via this program, Indonesian citizen and society have to be actively involved in conserving the environment. In several area in Indonesia, there are some communities that still uphold traditional culture or local wisdom to conserve the nature and environment by protecting their forest, river, and water springs. Located in one of the densest and highly polluted area in Bandung City, there is a place named Lebak SIliwangi. One of the biggest river in Bandung, Cikapundung River, flows through this district. Cikapundung River is one of the main sources of water for the citizen of Bandung, therefore the municipal government of Bandung really concerned about the water quality of the river. Lebak Siliwangi district has 8 RW and 25 RT, and total area of 100 hectare. Geographically, Lebak Siliwangi has altitude of 700 meters above the sea surface. In 2009, total population of Lebak Siliwangi is 4.167 or equal to 1.023 households. Across Bandung City, Lebak Siliwangi district is considered as one of the densest populated area while not having adequate sanitation. Accordingly, many efforts to reduce the pollution and increase the level of sanitation has been conducted here, such as the founding of waste banks, compost and bio pore making guidance, training about waste separation, counseling about sanitation and health, especially counseling about conserving Cikapundung River which flows through Lebak Siliwangi district.
This study intends to understand how is the effect from those environmental activities to the environmental awareness of the society. Questionnaire was spread to 130 parents of Pertiwi Elementary School (ES), Bandung City, who lived in the area near Cikapundung River. Data then calculated using percentage. From the collected answers it could be inferred that all of the participant thought that disposing waste into the river is a bad activity, felt uncomfortable to see waste in the river, and knew about the impacts of disposing waste into river. Yet there still four participants that admit whether they are still often dispose waste into river. Three participants have never brought their children to see the river, ten others sometimes do it, and the rest of the participants brought their children to see the river. Among all of the participants, 110 have participated in Cikapundung River conservation activities that is supported by local government and citizens, while 10 answered that they have never participated and the other 10 answered sometimes they participated. From the result of the questionnaire, it could be concluded that the society of Lebak Siliwangi has understood about the river conservation and do the protection of Cikapundung River. However, in reality there is still many organic and non-organic waste in CIkapundung River, especially plastic waste. To further perfect the result of this study, it is required to study more about the factors that are causing the generation of waste in riverbanks and also in the river itself, whether it is required to conduct an environmental education course in schools around Cikapundung River for students and teachers, themes for courses to be conducted for students and teachers, also whether it is important and is it required to include the materials about Reuse, Reduce, and Recycle (3R) and waste bank in the school course. These materials are related to the establishment of waste bank at school. Along with the development of waste bank at school, the students can learn about how to separate the waste, learn how to be a waste bank customer, and also about ways of collecting inorganic waste. Through those trainings, will be able to actively participating in conserving the river environment near their vicinity.