My research is motivated by intersecting theoretical, substantive, and methodological interests. Theoretically, I am interested in the assignment and consequences of cultural classifications. This focus is reflected in my research on legitimacy, which examines how legitimacy and illegitimacy are evaluated, established, and invoked, and how these classifications affect socially significant outcomes.

Substantively, I am interested in contentious politics, with particular emphasis on organizations engaged in political violence. My published research in this area combines international comparison with a particular focus on the Middle East broadly, and Turkey in particular.

I use a variety of methods including historical research, comparative analysis, quantitative network analysis, and statistical analysis, and I am interested in multi- and mixed-methods approaches to social research. These interests also motivate research on new methodologies for comparative and relational analysis.