ELIZA-Realted Resources

Edwin F. Taylor (1967) The ELIZA Progam: Conversational Tutorial. IEEE International Convention Record, Vol. 5, Part 10, p. 8. (This document is provided by explicit permission from IEEE. We thank them for their contribution.)

References and Resources


Weizenbaum, J. (1963). Symmetric List Processor. Communications of the ACM, 6(9), 524-536.


Weizenbaum, J. (1966). ELIZA: A computer program for the study of natural language communication between man and machine. Communications of the ACM, 9, 36-45.


Weizenbaum, J. (1967). Contextual Understanding by Computers, Communications of the ACM, Volume 10, Number 8, August, 1967, rtro.de/eliza61


Weizenbaum, J. (1984). Computer Power and Human Reason: From Judgment to Calculation, London: Penguin.


Here is a 1961 computer primer for the MAD language, by Elliott Organick. And here's a copy of the MAD-SLIP manual from the 7090 user's guide.


An intersting discussion of Weizenbaum's 1976 "Computer Power and Human Reason", that touches many times on ELIZA, can be found here: https://dl.acm.org/doi/pdf/10.1145/1045264.1045265


FORTRAN ASSEMBLY PROGRAM (FAP) for the IBM 709/7090 (Computer History Museum)


** Interesting additional context can be found here: https://computerhistory.org/blog/the-promise-of-the-doctor-program-early-ai-at-stanford/