Our Team

Patrick Brouder

Patrick Brouder holds the British Columbia Regional Innovation Chair in Tourism and Sustainable Rural Development at Vancouver Island University, Canada. His research in BC focuses on three interrelated areas of innovation in tourism across the province - Indigenous tourism (as a form of endogenous economic development), creative tourism (especially in ‘creative outposts’ in the rural and peripheral regions), and tourism evolution (long-term economic changes occurring in tourism across BC).

Patrick serves as Chair of the Economic Geography Group of the Canadian Association of Geographers and on the Steering Committee of the International Polar Tourism Research Network (IPTRN). He was co-organiser (with Suzanne de la Barre) of the 6th IPTRN in Yukon, Canada, in 2018. He is a resource editor for Tourism Geographies and an editorial board member of Polar Geography. He is a Senior Researcher at the University of Johannesburg, South Africa, and a former Banting Postdoctoral Fellow in Geography at Brock University, Canada.

Originally from Limerick, Ireland, Patrick has been conducting research in Sweden and Canada since 2008. His Banting Postdoctoral Fellowship (2015-2017) focussed on tourism development across the Niagara region of Canada and his current research is focussed on tourism and sustainable rural development in western Canada (British Columbia and Yukon). All of his research can be seen on his Google Scholar page.

His research interests are: Economic Geography, Tourism Studies, Rural Development. He is always happy to meet online or in person so please contact him by email or on Twitter if you would like to connect: @PaddyBrouder

Some current research projects are: 'Towards Sustainable Regional Tourism Development in the Heart of the Great Bear Rainforest' and this project on 'Creative Economies: Exploring the Nexus of Culture and Tourism in Yukon and Northern BC'. Find out more about these and other ongoing activities on Patrick's academic web page.

Suzanne de la Barre

Suzanne de la Barre, PhD, works with community-based creative and cultural organizations, and her research focusses on the circumpolar world and economic diversification through community development. She holds a Master’s in Environmental Studies (York University, 1991), and a Bachelor of Arts in Human Geography (University of Ottawa, 1985). Upon completion of her PhD (University of Alberta, 2009), she held a postdoctoral research position with the Department of Geography, Umeå University (Sweden) (2010-2012). She has achieved certificates in Aboriginal and Community Economic Development (ICA, 2009; PAED/CANDO, 2009), Heritage Interpretation (Interpretation Canada, 2007), and has completed numerous trainings in teaching and learning.

Since 2012, Suzanne has been a faculty member in the Department of Recreation and Tourism Management, Vancouver Island University (British Columbia, Canada) teaching in the department’s undergraduate program, as well at its Master of Arts in Sustainable Leisure Management Program, and the Aboriginal Ecotourism Training Program. The creative sector at its intersection with community well-being and economic diversification has been a focus of Suzanne’s research since 2014. She is the recipient of several VIU research grants, in addition to a 2017 SSHRC Connection Grant (Applicant) (www.iptrn.org), and a 2019 SSHRC IDG (Co-Applicant) (https://sites.google.com/view/creativetourismcanada ) (both of these with Dr. Patrick Brouder). Working within a circumpolar universities consortium, she is a founding program developer and faculty member with the University of the Arctic’s Graduate Certificate in Northern Tourism (2015-to present). Since 2017, and as part of a pan-circumpolar collaboration, she has led VIU’s involvement in a Nordic Council of Ministers project on change in Arctic tourism (with University of Lapland, Oulu University, Umeå University, UiT Norway, University of Iceland, and Cape Breton University). Suzanne has been part of the leadership team of the International Polar Tourism Research Network (IPTRN) for most of its 10 year existence (www.iptrn.org), and has held the position of Co-Director, Creative Strategies, World Leisure Centre of Excellence at VIU since 2018. She has held board of director positions with several territorial and national organizations: the Arctic Institute for Community-Based Research (AICBR) (2018-to present); Katimavik Youth Services (2009-2010); Yukon Development Education Council (YDEC) (2006-2009); and, WUSC (2002-2006). Originally from Montreal, Suzanne has called Yukon home since 1991. She lives in Whitehorse (Yukon) and Nanaimo (British Columbia).

Email: Suzanne.delabarre@viu.ca

Website: https://wordpress.viu.ca/sdelabarre/

Rachel Henderson

Rachel Henderson is a graduate student in the Sustainable Leisure Management (MA SLM) program at Vancouver Island University, Canada. She received her B.Sc. from the University of Manitoba in 2018, majoring in Physical Geography with a specialization in Geomatics. Her research interests include creative tourism (particularly in rural/remote regions), sustainable development, ecosystem services, and geographic information systems (GIS).

Rachel is the recipient of a SSHRC-funded MA SLM graduate scholarship, supporting her research assistantship and thesis research within the project, Creative economies: Exploring the nexus of culture and tourism in rural and peripheral Canada. Under the supervision of Drs. Suzanne de la Barre and Patrick Brouder, Rachel’s thesis is exploring cultural ecosystem services for creative placemaking and community resilience in Prince Rupert, BC. She is also a 2021-2022 BC Graduate Scholar.

While originally from Winnipeg, Manitoba, Rachel is currently living in Nanaimo, BC.

Creative Forces Team Publications - Select Entries


Brouder, P., Carson, D., and de la Barre, S. (2017). Special Issue: Communities and New Development Paths in the Sparsely Populated North. Journal of Rural and Community Development (JRCD) http://www.jrcd.ca./jrcd/issue/view/38

de la Barre, S. and Brouder, P. (2015). Culinary Tourism. In Jafari J. and Xiao, H. Encyclopedia of Tourism. Available from: http://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007/978-3-319-01669-6_44-1

de la Barre, S. and Brouder, P. (2013). Consuming Stories: Placing Food in the Arctic Tourism Experience. Journal of Heritage Tourism. 8 (2-3), 213-223. DOI: 10.1080/1743873X.2013.767811


Brouder, P. (2012). Creative outposts: Tourism's place in rural innovation. Tourism Planning & Development. 9 (4), 383-396.

Almstedt, Å., Brouder, P., Karlsson, S., & Lundmark, L. (2014). Beyond post-productivism: from rural policy discourse to rural diversity. European Countryside. 6 (4), 297-306.

Brouder, P. (2013). Tourism development in peripheral areas: Processes of local innovation and change in northern Sweden. Doctoral dissertation, Mid Sweden University.

Brouder, P. (2012). Tourism development against the odds: The tenacity of tourism in rural areas. Tourism Planning & Development. 9 (4), 333-337.

Müller, D. K., & Brouder, P. (2014). Dynamic development or destined to decline? The case of Arctic tourism businesses and local labour markets in Jokkmokk, Sweden. In A.Viken & B. Granås Tourism Destination Development: Turns and Tactics, 227-244.


de la Barre, S. (in Press). Creative Yukon: Finding Data to tell the Cultural Economy Story. In Scherf, K. (Ed.) Creative Tourism and Sustainable Development in Smaller Communities (pp.X-Y). Calgary: University of Calgary Press.

Hull, J., de la Barre, S. and Maher, P. (2017). Peripheral Geographies of Creativity: The Case for Aboriginal Tourism in Canada’s Yukon Territory. In A. Viken & D. Müller (Eds.). Arctic Indigenous Tourism (pp. 157-181). Bristol, UK: Channel View.

Carson, D.A., Cleary, J., de la Barre, S., Eimermann, M., & Marjavaara, R. (2016). New Mobilities - New Economies? Temporary populations and local innovation capacity in sparsely populated areas. In A. Taylor, D.B. Carson, P. Ensign, L. Huskey, R.O. Rasmussen & G. Eilmsteiner-Saxinger (Eds.), Settlements at the Edge: Remote human settlements in developed nations (pp. 178-206). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

de la Barre, S. (2012). Chapter 12: Travellin’ around on Yukon Time. In Fulagar, S., Markwell, K. and Wilson, E. (eds). Mobilities: Experiencing Slow Travel and Tourism (pp. 157-169). Bristol: Channel View Publications.

de la Barre, S. (2012). Introduction: Creating Tourism Scholarship Through Circumpolar Inspiration and Relevance to People and Their Communities, in Special Issue: Tourism and Travel in the Circumpolar North. The Northern Review (Spring) 35, 3-13.

de la Barre, S. (2005). Authenticity in Cultural Tourism and Aboriginal Empowerment in Northern Canada. In Castleden, H., Danby, R., Giles, A. & Pinard, J.P. (eds.). New Northern Lights: Graduate Research on Circumpolar Studies from the University of Alberta. Canadian Circumpolar Institute (CCI) Occasional Publication #57 (pp. 48-65). Edmonton, AB: Canadian Circumpolar Institute Press.

Hinch, T. & de la Barre, S. (2004). Culture, Sport and Tourism: The Case of the Arctic Winter Games. In J.E.S. Higham (ed). Sport Tourism Destinations: Issues, Opportunities and Analysis (pp. 260-273). Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.