I am an Assistant Professor in the economics department of HEC Lausanne.
Curriculum Vitae: pdf
MIT School Effectiveness and Inequality Initiative (SEII), Affiliated Faculty
LSE Centre for Economic Performance (CEP), Research Associate
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), Research Affiliate
Primary fields: Economics of Education, Labor Economics
Secondary fields: Market design
“The Design of Teacher Assignment: Theory and Evidence” (with Julien Combe and Olivier Tercieux)
R&R Review of Economic Studies
Latest version here.
A modified version of the well-known deferred acceptance mechanism has been proposed in the literature and is used in practice to assign teachers to schools. We show that this mechanism fails to be fair and efficient for both teachers and schools. We identify the unique strategy-proof mechanism that cannot be improved upon in terms of both efficiency and fairness. We show that this mechanism performs much better by adopting a large market approach and by using a rich dataset on teachers' applications in France. For instance, the number of teachers moving from their positions more than doubles under our mechanism.
“Fiscal and Education Spillovers from Charter Expansion” (with Matthew Ridley)
NBER Working Paper No. 25070.
The fiscal and educational consequences of charter expansion for non-charter students are central issues in the debate over charter schools. Does the charter sector drain resources and high-achieving peers from non-charter schools? This paper answers these questions using an empirical strategy that exploits a 2011 reform that lifted caps on charter schools for underperforming districts in Massachusetts. We use complementary synthetic control instrumental variable (IV-SC) and differences-in-differences instrumental variables (IV-DiD) estimators. The results suggest increased charter attendance encourages districts to shift expenditure in the traditional sector from support services to instruction and salaries. At the same time, charter expansion has a small positive effect on non-charter students’ achievement.
"Boys Lag Behind: How Teachers' Gender Biases Affect Student Achievement"
I use a combination of blind and non-blind test scores to show that middle school teachers favor girls when they grade. This favoritism, estimated in the form of individual teacher effects, has long-term consequences: as measured by their national evaluations three years later, male students make less progress than their female counterparts. Gender-biased grading accounts for 21 percent of boys falling behind girls in math during middle school. On the other hand, girls who benefit from gender bias in math are more likely to select a science track in high school.
SEII Working Paper n° 2016.07, November 2016
“Can Teacher Mobility be Improved Without Penalising Less Attractive Schools? The Role of a New Assignment Algorithm” (with Julien Combe and Olivier Tercieux)
We propose an extension of the You-Request-My-House-I-Get-Your-Turn (YRMH-IGYT) algorithm introduced by Abdulkadiroglu and Sönmez (2003) to the two-sided and many-to-one matching environment. This generalization keeps the good properties of two-sided efficiency and strategyproofness. Using French data on the assignment of teachers to schools, we show that this algorithm could significantly increase teachers’ mobility, while allowing for a fine control of movement from disadvantaged regions.
Education & Formation, n°92, Décembre 2016 (in French).
Policy Brief n°24 - April 2016 – Institute for Public Policy (French version, English version coming soon)
RESEARCH IN PROGRESS
“Banning the Boston Assignment Mechanism: Effects on School Segregation and Student Achievement” (with Parag Pathak)
“Coordination of Centralized Assignment Mechanisms: Insights from the Pan-London Admission Scheme” (with Graham Carter, Parag Pathak, and Tayfun Sönmez)
“The Introduction of University Technical Colleges (UTC) in England: An Impact Evaluation” (with Stephen Machin and Sandra McNally)
“Effectiveness of CEOs in the Public Sector: Evidence from Further Education Colleges in England” (with Jenifer Ruiz-Valenzuela and Clémentine Van-Effenterre)
Policy Note n°5 - December 2017 – Centre for Vocational Education Research
Press coverage: Times Education Supplement
"How Does Charter Expansion Affect School District Finances and Student Achievement? New Evidence from Massachusetts", Education Next, 24 September 2018.
"Mesurer l’impact des politiques publiques est un exercice indispensable", Le Monde, 5 July 2018.
"Faut-il sauver les algorithmes d'affectation ? Affelnet, affectation des enseignants et Parcoursup", Terra Nova, 6 June 2018
"Il faudra prendre avec beaucoup de prudence les résultats affichés par Parcoursup à la fin de l’été", Le Monde, 23 May 2018
"Why French school curriculum and timetable reforms forced teachers onto the streets", The Conversation, 22 May 2015
"Matching practices of teachers to schools in France", Matching in Practice, 2014
"L’attractivité des concours de recrutement des enseignants du second degré public : une étude rétrospective", DEPP, June 2014
SEMINARS AND CONFERENCES
2019 (planned): American Economic Association (AEA), Tinbergen Institute, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
2018: University of Zurich, NBER Trans-Atlantic Public Economics Conference, Association for Education Finance and Policy (AEFP), Society of Labor Economics (SOLE), University of British Columbia, Warwick University, University of Lausanne, University of Surrey, University of Oslo, University of Essex, University of Sussex.
2017: Columbia University Applied Micro Theory Colloquium, Princeton Education Research Section Workshop, MIT Labor Lunch, Society of Labor Economics (SOLE) conference, American Economic Association (AEA) conference, Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET) conference, Laval University Labor seminar.
2016: MIT Labor Lunch, European Economic Association (EEA) conference, Royal Economic Society (RES) conference, Stockholm University, University Carlos III, UQAM University, Bristol University.
2015: LSE Labor Market workshop, PSE Applied Economics Lunch seminar, European Winter Meeting of the Econometric Society, University College London (UCL), French Ministry of Education Workshop, IZA European Summer School in Labor Economics, LEER Workshop on Education Economics, Royal Economic Society (RES) conference.
Professor Josh Angrist
MIT Department of Economics
77 Massachusetts Avenue, E52,
Cambridge, MA 02139
+1 (617) 253-8909
Professor Parag Pathak
MIT Department of Economics
77 Massachusetts Avenue, E52
Cambridge, MA 02139
+1 (617) 253-7458