How can my instructional approaches create opportunities to uncover the curriculum and build conceptual understanding?


  • connect curricular competencies with content to understand the big ideas
  • build conceptual understanding by exploring, problem-solving, reflecting, connecting, communicating, applying, collaborating
  • purposeful teaching with the big ideas in mind
  • play with mathematical ideas
  • gain an understanding of the big ideas through inquiry
  • see ourselves (teachers & students) as mathematicians


Student-Centered Mathematics

John Van de Walle's work is foundational for all Mathematics teachers. The student-centered, problem-based approach will help students develop real understanding and confidence in mathematics.

There are others in this series including K -2, and Grades 6 -8.

Lesson Model:

Van de Walle Before, During, After lesson model. Check out this video on three part lessons inspired by John Van de Walle's work.

Blackline Masters

Inquiry Based Instruction:

Marian Small has several resources supporting Inquiry in Mathematics published in both French and English (WNCP for BC Curriculum). These books can be ordered through Rubicon Publishing.

Marian Small's website

Problems and Rich Tasks:

Dan Finkel, author of Math For Love shares many great ideas. Scroll down on his website and click a particular grade level.

Marian Small's Open Questions Series

Marian Small's Website

Good Questions: Great Ways to Differentiate Mathematics is available for both Elementary and Secondary and in both English and French

Peter Sullivan and Pat Lilburn: Good Questions for Math Teaching

Les MATHS par l'image by Marian Small

Galileo Educational Network:


Andrew Blair is the curator of Inquiry Maths. His UK site includes ideas for both Secondary and Elementary teachers.

Reggio Inspired Practice:

Natural Curiosity: Building Children's Understanding of the World Through Environment Inquiry

Effective Questions:

Revised Curriculum: Questions to prompt

Ontario Capacity Series:

Asking Effective Questions

Galileo Education Network:

Assessment through Curricular Competencies_Math.pdf

Dispositions of Mathematicians

Tracey Zager's website

Stenhouse has also provided a study guide and a companion website for this resource.

Thinking Classrooms

Peter Liljedahl's website has numerous resources and ideas.


Guided Small Group Instruction

Guided math provided a framework to suport teachers in differentiating math instruction. Strategies for whole-class and small-group instruction, as well as Math Workshop are explored.

Laney Sammons website

Using Children's Literature

Authored by Marilyn Burns and her colleagues, these resources provide lessons that engage children in mathematical problem solving and reasoning connected to children's literature, both fiction and non-fiction. Marilyn Burns has also written a blogpost on this topic.

Comox Valley School District #71 has many lesson ideas connected to children's literature. Once on their home page, click the tab "Lessons and Ideas" and your grade preference.

Read a Story, Explore the Math is a resource written by Sandra Ball and Carole Fullerton that links math instruction to children's literature for Primary teachers.

Kelly Darke curates Math Book Magic, a fantastic website that highlights children's literature books which are connected to mathematics.

Support Documents on Mathematical Reasoning