Why is it important to use assessment to inform and guide instruction?

"The most important single factor influencing learning is what the learner already knows. Ascertain this and teach … accordingly." (Ausubel et al, 1978)


"Throughout the learning process, teachers and students intentionally gather evidence to inform teaching and learning. The teacher creates rich tasks, engages with the students in setting criteria, establishes exemplars, and leverages the power of questioning to allow for ongoing, timely, descriptive feedback to the students. This process assists students in moving forward toward their learning targets and goals. Students are encouraged to reflect and self-assess to build important meta-cognitive skills. Personalization lends itself to assessment as learning, where students participate in the setting of criteria and the design of inquiries, and self-and peer-assessment." BC Curriculum website 2016