Volume (4), Issue (4), (2018): 63-82
Envin, A.J.B., Ekissi, G.S.E., Sea, B.T., Kouame, P.L. (2018). Biochemical and nutritional composition of garden snail (Limicolaria flammea) flesh consumed in Côte d’Ivoire. Journal of basic and applied Research, 4(4): 63-70
Abstract:Investigations about biochemical composition and nutritional value of snail meat are few. Research was conducted on flesh flour from snail (Limicolaria flammea) collected in Agboville (South, Côte d'Ivoire). The proximate composition showed that snail (Limicolaria flammea) flesh flour was rich in protein (46.65±0.05 %) and low in fat (8.64±0.6 %), total carbohydrate (8.20±0.01 %) , total sugars (7.8±0.25 %) reducing sugars (7.23±0.04 %) and ash (6.23±0.01 %). The major minerals were phosphorus (3365.33±0.33 mg/Kg), calcium (1654.54±0.06 mg/Kg) potassium (1324.54± 4.18 mg/Kg) and sodium (668.69±1.13 mg/Kg). The major vitamins were vitamin B9 (21.56±0.17 µg/100g), vitamin C (18.34±1.30 µg/100g) and vitamin E (18.12±2.1 µg/100g). The chromatographic profile of amino acids revealed fifteen amino acids of which five are the dominant ones. Those are lysine (2.38±0.01 mg/100g), valine (1.45±0.02 mg/100g), methionine (1.26±0.03 mg/100g), isoleucine (1.24±0.01 mg/100g), leucine (1.05±0.01 mg/100g), the others have contents lower than 1mg /100g. Oxalate and phytate anti-nutritional parameters are non-existent in flour and tannins content was 0.18±0.01 mg/100g.
Mehdi, B.J., Haider, S., Hasnat, A., Haleem, D.J. (2018). Decreases in plasma glucose, corticosterone and cholesterol levels following longterm consumption of stabilized rice bran in Albino Wistar rats. Journal of basic and applied Research, 4(4): 71-76
Abstract:The present study was designed to investigate the effects of long term stabilized rice bran (SRB) rich diet consumption on neuroendocrine and behavioral responses in rats. Cubes of standard rodent diet were crushed and mixed with SRB in the ratio of 2:1 and 1:1(w/w) to prepare pellets of moderate and high amount of SRB rich diet respectively. Albino wistar rats randomly assigned as control, moderate and high amount of SRB groups were treated accordingly with the respective diet for 6 weeks. Weekly cumulative food intakes but not body weights were smaller in SRB rich diet treated during 1st to 5th week of treatment, which were normalized at the end of the treatment. Animals treated with high SRB rich diet exhibited a decrease in plasma glucose, corticosterone as well as cholesterol levels. Cholesterol levels were also decreased by moderate SRB rich diet. The results are discussed in context of antioxidant and antistress property of rice bran. It is suggested that presence of tocopherol, tocotrienol, γ-orynazol and other unsaponifiable compounds in rice bran may produce a reduction in the cholesterol and glucose levels. A decrease in corticosterone levels may be explained in terms of antistress effects of rice bran.
N’guessan, K. A., Traoré, M. J., Konan, K. F., Koné, B., Zadi, F., Dick, E., Yao-kouamé A. (2018). Improvement of irrigate rice yield by using different cations rates in lowland affected by the harmattan in savannah zone of Côte d’Ivoire. Journal of basic and applied Research, 4(4): 77-82
Abstract:A good knowledge of rice mineral nutrition could help to improve rice growing, in harmattan period, permitting thus, a continuous rice culture during all year round. However, rice nutrition in exchangeable cations of lowland soil is still unknown. It is why, three agronomic trials have been driven in a secondary lowland, in Cote d’Ivoire Guinean savannah zone to 2014 to 2017. Into a randomized completed blocks, ¦NPK ¦was applied according to the rates of 30 kg N ha-1, 60 kg P ha-1 and 50 kg K ha-1.T Then, the rates of 50, 100 and 150 kg.ha-1 were added respectively in the treatments of Ca and Mg combined with 10, 20 and 30 kg Zn ha-1. Fertilizers were applied as basal and rice variety named ¦NERICA ¦¦L19 ¦was transplanted per hill of three plants spacing by 20 cm × 20 cm. At tillering and the booting stages ¦¦, 35 kg N ha-1 were applied respectively. NPK treatment ¦ was¦ considered as the control of the experimentation. The calcium was revealed as the most important cation inducing synergistic effect on rice nitrogen nutrition. The optimal dose was identified at 90 kg Ca ha-1 for highest grain yield (3.58 tha-1) in harmattan period. A fertilizer composes of 100 kgNha-1, 60 kgPha-1, 50 kgKha-1 and 90 kg Ca ha-1 was recommended for rice growing in Cote d’Ivoire Guinean savannah zone.
Llego, J.H., Gabriel, E.P. Corpus, J.L. (2018) A Correlational Study on the Stress Level and Academic Performance of Nursing Students. Journal of basic and applied Research, 4(4): 83-87
Abstract:This study assesses the level of stress and its relationship to the academic performance of the respondents. This study used descriptive-correlational design, and total enumeration was utilized, with 34 respondents. A questionnaire was the primary instrument of this study. Statistical used in this study was frequency, percentage, mean, and Pearson-r. Results include: most (76.50%) of the respondents are relatively young, most (82.30%) of the respondents are females, some (38.20%) of the respondents are fourth-year. A vast majority (64.70%) of the respondents’ primary source of stress is academic works. The mean score of the stress is 20.59. The respondents academic works have mean score of 2.25, and Pearson-r score is (r= 0.71, n=34, p=0.00). The researchers conclude that the nursing program in one of the universities in Dagupan City has relatively young students that are female dominated in their senior year. The respondents have a moderate level of stress, and the primary source of their academic works is the primary source of their stress. The respondents are satisfactorily performing in their academics. Also, it was found out that as the respondents’ stress level raises their academic performance declines.