When Noah and his family stepped out of the Ark, they were the only people on Earth. It fell to Noah’s three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth, and their wives, to repopulate the Earth through the children that were born to them after the Flood. Of Noah’s grandchildren, 16 grandsons are named in Genesis chapter 10.
God has left us ample evidence to confirm that these 16 grandsons of Noah really lived, that the names the Bible gives were their exact names, and that after the Babel dispersion (Genesis 11) their descendants fanned out over the earth and established the various nations of the ancient world.
1749 engraving shows the manner how the whole Earth was Peopled by Noah and his Descendants after the Flood and fall of the Tower of Babel (Noah's Ark positioned on top of Mt. Ararat in Armenia)
Ancient Egypt Confirms: Genesis History
Manetho was an Egyptian historian/priest of c. 270 BC. Some of what Manetho wrote directly corroborates Genesis. In his history of Egypt, he “wrote that ‘after the Flood’ Ham the son of Noah begat ‘Aegyptus or Mestraim’, who was the first to establish himself in the area now known as Egypt at the time when the tribes began to disperse."
The Bible says that Ham begat Mizraim. Egypt today (one of the first civilizations to spring up after the Flood) is known as Mizraim or mitsrayim (מצרים) Hebrew. Manetho wrote that the dispersion of the tribes was five years after Noah’s descendant Peleg was born. This agrees with Genesis 10:25 which says of Peleg that “in his days the earth was divided.”
Armenia in the first map of the World (7th Century B.C.)
The Babylonian clay is the first map of the world (600 BC). Circles were used to denote city centers, and this method has been used by cartographers ever since. There are 6 countries and 7 islands on the map. Countries on the map are:
Armenia is the only modern country from the map even after loosing 90% of its original lands of the Armenian Highlands. And the only country in the world which has not changed its name since ancient times.
Old maps showing the regions of Armenia, Mt. Ararat and Ark of Noah
Map of Armenia and Ararat the Kingdom of Urartu
Land of Ar
Mt. Ararat with the Ark of Noah on top
Yerevan (Amsterdam produced World Map), Mt. Ararat with the Ark of Noah, 1681
Ancient Map showing Ark of Noah
Yerevan (unknown painter), Paris 1968
Map of Armenia showing Echmiadzin and Mt. Ararat with the Ark of Noah on top (1828)
Historical Accounts of Noah's Ark
1. Berossus, a native historian of Babylonia in 275 B.C.
"...grounded in Armenia some parts still remains in the mountains of the Gordyaeans in Armenia, and some get pitch from the ship by scraping it off, and use it for amulets."…Babyloniaca
2. Nicolas of Damascus, a Greek historian and philosopher in 30 B.C.
"Above the country of the Minus in Armenia a great mountain called Baris, where, as the story goes, many refugees found safety at the time of the Flood, and one man transported upon the ark grounded upon the summit: and relics of the timber were for long preserved…"
3. Flavius Josephus, the official historian of the Jews for the Roman Empire in the 1st Century
"The Armenians call that spot the Landing-Place for it was there that the Ark came safely to land, and they show the relics of it to this day. This Flood and the Ark are mentioned by all who have written histories of the barbarians."… Antiquities of the Jews
4. Eutychius, an Egyptian Arab, Patriarch of Alexandria, a famous historian and physician in the 9th Century A.D.
"The Ark rested on the mountains of Ararat; that is, Jabal Judi near Mosul."… Nazm al-Gawahir Remark: Although the name of the mountain where the Ark landed varies in different historical records, they actually refer to the same mountain – Mount Ararat
Ararat & Noah’s Ark in the Armenian History
According to the histories of both Moses of Khoren (5th to 7th century) and Michael Chamich, Armenia derives from the name of Aram, a lineal descendant of Hayk, grandson of Tiras, great-great-grandson of Noah.
Statute of Hayk in Yerevan
The native Armenian name for the country is Hayk, Haig (Armenian: Հայկ). The name in the Middle Ages was extended to Hayastan. The name has traditionally been derived from Hayk the legendary patriarch and founder of the Armenians. Hayk is the great-great-grandson of Noah, who according to Moses of Korene defeated the Babylonian king Bel (King Nimrod of Bible) in 2492 BC, and established his nation in the Ararat region.
According to Genesis 10:1-3
"Now these are the generations of the sons of Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth: and unto them were sons born after the flood.
The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.
And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah (Torgom)."
- Moses of Khoren gives Hayk's genealogy as: Japhet, Gomer, Tiras, Torgom, and his descendants as Armaneak, Aramais, Amasya, Kegham, Harma, Aram, Ara Geghetsik.
- Hayk was also the founder of the Haykazuni dynasty.
- Hayk, Haig (grandson of Tiras), Armenak (or Aram), Aramais, Amassia, Gegham, Harma, Aram.
According to Moses of Khoren or Movses Khorenatsi (Armenian: Մովսես Խորենացի): Hayk was a handsome, friendly man, with curly hair, sparkling eyes, and strong arms. He was a man of giant stature, a mighty archer and fearless warrior. Hayk and his people, from the time of their forefathers Noah and Japheth, had migrated south toward the warmer lands near Babylon. In that land there ruled a wicked giant, Bel (Nimrod). Bel tried to impose his tyranny upon Hayk’s people. But proud Hayk refused to submit to Bel. As soon as his son Aramaneak was born, Hayk rose up, and led his people back to the land of his forefathers, the land of Ararat. At the foot of the mountains, he built his home, Haykashen.
In a straightforward reading of the Bible, the Babel account in Genesis 11 is located between Noah’s Flood (Genesis 6–9) and Abraham (beginning in Genesis 12), suggesting that Babel occurred between the Flood and Abraham.
Logic suggests that the division of languages occurred before the time of Abraham because he came out of one culture and language (Ur of the Chaldees), visited another (Egypt), and settled amongst a third (the Canaanites).
The Bible doesn’t give the date of Babel, but it does indicate the number of generations between Noah and Babel.
Genesis 10:25 makes an interesting comment that “the earth was divided” in the days of Peleg, in the fourth generation in the line of Shem. The dominant interpretation in Jewish and church history has been that Peleg’s “division” refers to Babel. For example, Josephus in the first century says Peleg “was born at the dispersion of the nations to their several countries” (Antiquities of the Jews 1.6.4).
If all this is so, Babel occurred sometime during the lifetime of Peleg, whose name means “division.” Based on the ages of people listed in Genesis 11 in our English Bible, Peleg was born 101 years after the Flood, and he lived for 239 years. Abraham was born 292 years after the Flood.
The Bible gives us no more specific information on when Babel occurred—namely, it falls between the Flood and the time of Abraham, probably near the midpoint (around 2,304 BC), give or take a century. (For more details see the first published: Creation 4(1):10–13, March 1981, by Dr J. Osgood).
Battle between Hayk and Bel in the valley of Ararat
(Noah's Ark on MASIS)
In Western Armenia (Eastern Turkey) close to the Ararat Valley and Lake Van the rock pillars by the locals are called the giant soldiers of Bel
King Nimrod and Hayk after Flood
Khorenatsi-told legend catches Hayk away from his homeland, in Babylon, the realm of the great king Bel (Nimrod), and the first city to be built after the Great Flood. When Hayk leaves Babylon and reestablishes in Armenia, Bel attempts to conquer Hayk’s domain, but proud Hayk refuses to submit. In an epic battle that occurred southeast of the Lake Van, Hayk slays Bel with a three-pronged arrow, sending the enormous Babylonian army into disarray. This victory confirms Hayk as the founding father of the Armenian people. Historically Bel was the Babylonian King Nimrod. Discovery of boundary stones and Babylonian writings during the time of Nimrod’s reign confirm the battle and Nimrod’s death as described in the legend. The main style Armenian calendar (old Armenian calendar) begins with the year that the battle took place.
Additional facts about History of Armenia:
- The oldest scripts reflect the wars of ancient Armenians against the neighboring Assyrians.
- Haik, considered the patriarch of the Armenian people, led his army to defeat the Assyrian giant Baeleus (Bel or Nimrod).
- By approximately 2100 BC, a prototype of the first Armenian state was founded.
- Even now, Armenians call themselves Hai (pronounced high), and their country - Haik or Haiastan, in honor of Haik.
- The Hittite scripts also mention a Haiasa country.
- Meanwhile, the Assyrian cuneiform writings designate Armenia as Urartu (Arartu), which means Ararat.
- The Old Testament of Bible also associates Armenia with the Mount Ararat (the Kingdom of Ararat).
Arranshahiks “a Haykazian dynasty":
Arranshahiks, whose name means “shahs” (monarchs) of Arran’s lineage,” are one of the world’s oldest princely houses. They claimed a direct connection to early Armenian ancestral patriarchs, Hayk Nahapet and his grandson Sisak, and through them—to the legendary characters of the Old Testament, including Japheth, and, ultimately, Noah.
Movses Khorenatsi, the fifth century author of the “History of Armenia” and the celebrated “father of Armenian history.” reports that, the founder of the Arranshahiks dynasty was Arran, a descendant of Sisak (the ancestor of the Syuni princely clan), who, in turn, was a great-grandson of the ancestral eponym of the Armenians: Hayk Nahapet (Armenian: Հայկ Նահապետ; also called Hayk the Titan: Հայկ Դյուցազուն). It is in Hayk’s memory that Armenians call themselves “Hye” (Armenian: Հայ; pronounced: “High”), and their country—Hayq.
The King of Armenia, Vagharshak, of the Arshakid (Artaxiad) dynasty, entrusted to Arran the control over the northeastern extremity of his kingdom, and it is from Arran that the great princely families of these region would descend. This story is found in Chapter Four of Book One of the “History of the Land of Aghvank” and in Chapter Five of the “History of Armenia.” Movses Kaghankatvatsi writes:
“During the establishment of order for the northern inhabitants, [King Vagharshak] summoned the representatives of the wild tribes living on the northern plain as well as at the foothills of the Caucasus Mountains … and commanded them to stop brigandry and treachery, and to pay royal dues. Then the King appointed chieftains and rulers for them, and chose certain Arran to head them all, a man from the family of Sisak, one of the descendents of Japheth, who inherited the plains and mountains of the land of Aghvank.”
Later in the text, Kaghankatvatsi again highlights the connection of Arranshahiks to the Patriarch Hayk. When writing about the bloody conflict between the native Arranshahiks and the clan of Mihranians (Mihranids), Armenian-assimilated lords from Persia who invaded Utik’s county of Gardman in the Middle Ages and for some time suppressed local rulers, Kaghankatvatsi calls Arranshahiks “a Haykazian dynasty,” i.e. deriving from Hayk. Kirakos Gandzaketsi, the 13th century author of yet another volume of the “History of Armenia,” reiterates the legend by confirming that kings of Aghvank—Arran, Vachagan, Vache, Urnair and others—all directly descended from Hayk Nahapet.
Armenia, Ancient Nation Endangered
The Most Ancient History of Armenia
Christianity in Armenia
Saint Gregory the Illuminator or Saint Gregory the Enlightener (Գրիգոր Լուսաւորիչ c. 257 – c. 331) was a religious leader who is credited with converting Armenia from paganism to Christianity.
St. Gregory the Illuminator ordained King Trdat to Christian Faith in 301 A.D.
Per King Trdad's order the Armenian Nation accepted Christianity as their official religion in 301 A.D.
St. Gregory the Illuminator ordaining King Trdat to Christian Faith
Saint Gregory the Illuminator had a vision to construct the Holy Echmiadzin church which translates to: "Descent of Only-Begotten Son"
The Holy Echmiadzin in Yerevan
According to The Echmiadzin Chronicles
The Holy Echmiadzin, located not far from the biblical Mount Ararat: the flood, Noah’s descent from the ark, his planting of the first vineyard on the slopes of Mount Ararat, his offering of the first sacrifice where later would be built a temple of Artemis; then an Urartian temple; then a Zoroastrian holy site; then St. Gregory the Illuminator with his vision of the Only Begotten Son descending from the heavens.
Since the acceptance of Christianity (301 AD) the Armenian church of the Holy Echmiadzin have always been the guardians and protectors of the Holy Mt. Ararat and the Ark of Noah.
Josephus: “Noah… went forth himself with his family, sacrificed to God and feasted with his household. The Armenians call that spot the landing place, for it was there that the Ark came safe to land, and they show the relics of it to this day.”
Նախ Իջևանում (Nakhichevan) = the Landing Place
As described in the book of "Journey to Ararat" by Dr. F. Parrot
Famous Armenian paintings
Saint Mesrop Mashtots (361- 440) was an Armenian monk, theologian and linguist. He is best known for having invented the Armenian alphabet. King Trdat and St. Gregory the Illuminator are all standing in front of the Holy Mt. Ararat with the Armenian letter "Է" pointing on top where the Ark of Noah is positioned. The letter "Է" in Armenian alphabet signifies "God" and it is always present on top of Alters in every Armenian church.
Armenian alphabet pointing to top of MASIS as the position of Noah's Ark
The Battle of Avarayr by Grigor Khanjian. Yeghishe Vardapet (410-475 AD) was a prominent Armenian historian who wrote the History of Vardan and the Armenian war against Persians defending their Christian Faith. Notice in the painting the Flag held by General Vardan shows Mt. Ararat with Ark of Noah on top.
The flag is pointing to Noah's Ark resting on top of Mt. Ararat (MASIS)
Few of the Armenian Coat-of-Arms (1600 AD to Present), which always display Mt. Ararat with the Ark of Noah on top.
At the museum of Echmiadzin a Chinese made Chasuble (18-19th century) shows Noah's Ark on top of Ararat protected by the Church.
According to the tradition, the original church of Echmiadzin was built between 301 and 303 A.D. following the adoption of Christianity as a state religion by King Tiridates III. To strengthen the foundation of 1700 year old church during 1958 excavation under the Echmiadzin Cathedral Noah's first Fire-Altar for animal sacrifice was discovered, unearthed by accident and has been conserved for public viewing.
Fire-Altar under the foundation of Echmiadzin
St. James of Nisibis
St. James, a Syrian monk and first cousin of St. Gregory, was appointed bishop of the Christian city Nisibis in Mesopotamia in 308 A.D.
St. James is known for his divine vision on Mount Ararat, where he found the sacred relic of Noah's Ark and brought it to the Armenian people.
According to tradition, while St. James preached in and around Nisibis, he heard that people doubted the story of Noah's Ark. He was determined to provide his flock with evidence, so he set out on a journey to the top of Mount Ararat to find the remains of the ark.
Some time into his journey, before reaching his destination, he felt tired and decided to stop and rest before moving forward. After he continued on his journey, he took a second break. However, when he awoke, he found himself in the spot that he originally chose as his resting place. He continued on his journey, yet he encountered the same phenomenon for seven years. Nevertheless, James carried forward, relying on his faith to see him to the end of his journey.
One day, while he slept, an angel appeared to him in a vision and brought him a piece of the wood from Noah's Ark. The angel told him that he could not see any more of the ark, but that the wooden remnant would be proof enough for the naysayers.
St. James prayed to God to produce an eternal miracle on the spot where he had the vision and immediately afterward a spring gushed forth, which exists to this day (St. Jacob's well is located in Akori region of Ararat).
St. James brought Noah's Ark relic to Holy Echmiadzin in 318 A.D, which is currently preserved at the museum.
St. James (Hakob) painting (1780) with Mount Ararat and the Ark of Noah in the background + the Ark-Relic which is preserved at Echmiadzin
Saint James (Hakob) of Akori monastery
The monastery was founded by St. Jacob of Nisibis , the second bishop of Nisibis who lived during the 3rd to 4th centuries A.D. It was built upon the northeastern slope of Mount Ararat (Armenian: Մասիս; the greater mountain is referred to as Masis in Armenian). The monastery is said to have contained relics of wood from the Biblical Ark of Noah. A strong earthquake occurred at Mount Ararat on July 2, 1840 causing an avalanche that destroyed the monastery of St. Hakob, Arakelots Vank in the neighboring village of Akori as well as the village itself.
The 1840 earthquake which destroyed the St. Jacob Monastery and reshaped the NE face of the mountain (Ahora Gorge) was the turning point for God to expose the Ark of Noah to the whole world. The 1840 earthquake was also the beginning of the Ark's exposure to the environmental damages, which has been going through heavy deterioration since then. The time is of the essence to preserve and protect the Ark of Noah.
Mt. Ararat and St. Jacob Vank (1800 painting)
Origin and Armenian meaning for Ararat / MASIS as described in the book of "Journey to Ararat"