# Anish Agarwal

Assistant Professor, Columbia University

My current research interests are in: (1) causal machine learning; (2) reinforcement learning; (3) high-dimensional statistics. I am particularly interested in data-driven decision-making in engineering and social systems using tools from econometrics and machine learning.

# Brief Bio

Most recently, I was a research scientist at Amazon, Core AI, before which I was a postdoctoral research fellow at the Simons Institute at UC Berkeley. I did my PhD at MIT EECS, where I was fortunate to be advised by Alberto Abadie, Munther Dahleh, and Devavrat Shah. I've spent time at Microsoft Research. I've also served as a technical consultant to TauRx Therapeutics and Uber Technologies on questions related to experiment design and causal inference. Before the PhD, I was a management consultant at Boston Consulting Group. I got my undergrad and master's degrees from Caltech under the supervision of Mani Chandy and Adam Wierman.

# Selected Awards

Best Paper Award, USENIX NSDI, 2023

Best Student Paper Award (Government Statistics, Survey Research Methods, & Social Statistics), American Statistical Association, 2023

ACM Sigmetrics Outstanding Doctoral Dissertation Prize (2nd Place), 2022

INFORMS George B. Dantzig Dissertation Award (Honorable Mention), 2022

Simons-UC Berkeley Postdoctoral Fellowship, 2022

# Papers

Causal Inference: Matrix/Tensor Completion, Latent Factor Models, Panel Data, Matching Estimators

A. Abadie, A. Agarwal, R. Dwivedi, A. Shah. "Doubly Robust Inference in Causal Latent Factor Models".

A. Agarwal, A. Agarwal, S. Vijaykumar. "Synthetic Combinations: A Causal Inference Framework for Combinatorial Interventions".

Conference: NeurIPS, 2023.

A. Agarwal, V. Syrgkanis. "Synthetic Blip Effects: A Causal Inference Framework for Linear Dynamical Systems".

A. Agarwal, S. Cen, D. Shah, C. Yu. "Network Synthetic Interventions: A Causal Inference Framework for Panel Data with Network Interference".

A. Agarwal, M. Dahleh, D. Shah, D. Shen. "Causal Matrix Completion". (Video, Slides, Open-source)

Conference: Conference on Learning Theory (COLT), 2023.

C. Squires, D. Shen, A. Agarwal, D. Shah, C. Uhler. "Causal Imputation via Synthetic Interventions".

Conference: Causal Learning and Reasoning (CLeaR), 2022.

A. Agarwal, D. Shah, D. Shen. "Synthetic Interventions". (Video, Slides, Open-source)

Causal Inference: Reinforcement Learning, Building Simulators from Data

A. Alomar, P. Hamadanian, A. Esfahany, A. Agarwal, M. Alizadeh, D. Shah, “CausalSim: A Causal Framework for Unbiased Trace-Driven Simulation".

Conference: NSDI, 2023. Best Paper Award.

A. Agarwal, A. Alomar, V. Alumootil, D. Shah, D. Shen, Z. Xu, C. Yang. "PerSim: Offline Reinforcement Learning via Personalized Simulators".

Conference: NeurIPS, 2021. (Slides)

Causal Inference: Mechanism Design

D. Ngo, K. Harris, A. Agarwal, V. Syrgkanis, S. Wu. "Incentive-Aware Synthetic Controls: Counterfactual Estimation via Incentivized Exploration".

K. Harris, A. Agarwal, C. Podimata, S. Wu. "Strategyproof Decision-Making in Panel Data Settings and Beyond".

Conference: ACM Sigmetrics, 2023.

High-Dimensional Statistics: Principal Component Regression, Error-in-Variables Regression, Measurement Error

A. Agarwal, K. Harris, J. Whitehouse, S. Wu. "Adaptive Principal Component Regression with Applications to Panel Data".

Conference: NeurIPS, 2023.

A. Agarwal, R. Singh. "Causal Inference with Corrupted Data: Measurement Error, Missing Values, Discretization, and Differential Privacy".

American Statistical Association. Best Student Paper Award.

A. Agarwal, D. Shah, D. Shen. "On Model Identification and Out-of-Sample Prediction of PCR: Applications to Synthetic Controls".

A. Agarwal, D. Shah, D. Shen, D. Song. "On Robustness of Principal Component Regression".

Journal: Journal of the American Statistical Association, 2021.

Conference: NeurIPS, 2019. Oral Presentation. (Video, Slides)

High-Dimensional Statistics: Time Series Analysis

A. Agarwal, A. Alomar, D. Shah. "On Multivariate Singular Spectrum Analysis and its Variants".

A. Agarwal, A. Alomar, D. Shah. "tspDB: Time Series Predict Database".

Conference: NeurIPS Demo Track, 2021. (Video, Slides, Open-source library)

A. Agarwal, M. Amjad, D. Shah, D. Shen. "Model Agnostic Time Series Analysis via Matrix Estimation".

Journal: Proceedings of the ACM on Measurement and Analysis of Computing Systems, 2019

Conference: ACM Sigmetrics, 2019 (Slides)

Data Markets / Value of Data

A. Abadie, A. Agarwal, G. Imbens, S. Jia, J. McQueen, S. Stepaniants. "Estimating the Value of Evidence-Based Decision Making".

A. Agarwal, M. Dahleh, T. Horel, M. Rui. "Towards Data Auctions with Externalities".

A. Agarwal, M. Dahleh, D. Shah, D. Sleeper, A. Tsai, M. Wong. "Zorro: A Model Agnostic System to Price Consumer Data."

A. Agarwal, M. Dahleh, T. Sarkar. "A Marketplace for Data: An Algorithmic Solution".

# Selected Talks

Stanford Online Causal Inference Seminar '23

On Causal Inference with Temporal and Spatial Spillovers with Panel Data

Stanford Online Causal Inference Seminar '22

Causal Inference with Corrupted Data (Talk given by Rahul Singh)

Simons Institute-UC Berkeley '22

(also at Stanford Online Causal Seminar'21, Chamberlain Seminar '21 )

Synthetic Interventions

Simons Institute-UC Berkeley '22

Causal Matrix Completion: Application to Offline Causal RL

Sigmetrics '22

On Multivariate Singular Spectrum Analysis and its Variants

NeurIPS Demo '21

tspDB: Time Series Predict Database

NeurIPS Oral Presentation '19

On Principal Component Regression

ACM Economics and Computation '19

A Marketplace for Data: An Algorithmic Solution